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Turkeyi
Regional Level Types
TurkeyCountry

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Name in French:Turquie
Name in German:Türkei
Name in Italian:Turchia
Name in Russian:Турция
Name in Simplified Chinese:土耳其
Name in Spanish:Turquía
Name in Afrikaans:Turkye
Name in Albanian:Turqia
Name in Arabic:تركيا
Name in Belarusian:Турцыя
Name in Bulgarian:Турция
Name in Catalan:Turquia
Name in Czech:Turecko
Name in Danish:Kalkun
Name in Dutch:Turkije
Name in Estonian:Türgi
Name in Farsi/Persian:بوقلمون
Name in Finnish:Turkki
Name in Galician:Turquía
Name in Greek:Τουρκία
Name in Hebrew:טורקיה
Name in Hindi:तुर्की
Name in Hungarian:Törökország
Name in Icelandic:Tyrkland
Name in Indonesian:Turki
Name in Irish Gaelic:An Tuirc
Name in Japanese:トルコ
Name in Korean:터키
Name in Latvian:Turcija
Name in Lithuanian:Turkija
Name in Macedonian:Турција
Name in Norwegian:Tyrkia
Name in Polish:Turcja
Name in Portuguese:Turquia
Name in Romanian:Turcia
Name in Serbian:Турска
Name in Slovak:Turecko
Name in Slovenian:Turčija
Name in Swahili:Uturuki
Name in Swedish:Turkiet
Name in Tagalog:Pabo
Name in Thai:ตุรกี
Name in Turkish:Türkiye
Name in Ukrainian:Туреччина
Name in Vietnamese:Thổ Nhĩ Kỳ
Name in Welsh:Twrci
Area:783,562 km2
Neighbouring regions:
Locality type:Country
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Istanbul14,804,116 (2017)
Ankara3,517,182 (2013)
İzmir2,500,603 (2012)
Bursa1,412,701 (2015)
Adana1,248,988 (2012)
Gaziantep1,065,975 (2012)
Museums in region:


Turkey is a unitary, not a federal system, and the provinces are subordinated to the centre.

Turkey is subdivided into 81 provinces for administrative purposes. Each province is divided into districts, for a total of 923 districts. Turkey is also subdivided into 7 regions and 21 subregions for geographic, demographic and economic purposes; this does not refer to an administrative division.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

356 valid minerals. 13 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 4 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

''
Localities:
Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Demirel, Serhat, Goncuogluu, M. Cemal, Topuz, Goltekin, and Isik, Veysel, 2009, Geology and Chemical Variations in Tourmaline from the Quartz-Tourmaline Breccias within the Kerkenez Granite-Monzonite Massif, Central Anatolian Crystalline Complex, Turkey, Canadian Mineralogist, v 47, p. 787-799.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Almandine (TL)
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Galoisy, L. (2013). Garnet: From Stone to Star. Elements, 9(6), 453-456.
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Amber'
Reference: various photographs
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Uralite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: GÜNER, M. (1980). Geology and massive sulfide ores of the Küre area, the Pontic Ranges, northern Turkey. Bull. Mineral Res. Explor, 93(94), 65-109.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Andradite-Grossular Series'
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Anilite
Formula: Cu7S4
Reference: Beih. z. Eur. J. Mineral 18 (2006) 28
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Econ Geol (1989)84:780-787
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 61, pages 825-830, 1976
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Reference: Cahit, H., and Alonso, R.N. (2000): Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences 9, 1-27.
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Günay, K., Dönmez, C., Uysal, İ., Yıldırım, N., Şahin, M. B., Yıldırım, E., ... & Lee, I. (2016). Chrome spinel geochemistry of ultramafic rocks from the Elekdağ metaophiolite (Northern Turkey): Implications for greenschist to mid-amphibolite facies metamorphism. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 193(3), 215-230.
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Reference: https://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/T%FCrkei/S%FCdostanatolien/Diyarbakir%2C%20Provinz/Ergani%20-%20Maden/Ergani%20Mine
'Apatite'
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Aristarainite
Formula: Na2MgB12O20 · 8H2O
Reference: J. García-Veigas, L. Rosell, X. Alcobé, I. Subias, F. Ortí, I. Gündogan and C. Helvaci (2010) Fontarnauite, a New Sulphate-Borate Mineral from the Emet Borate District (Turkey). Macla 13, 97-98. ; García-Veigas, J., Rosell, L., Ortí, F., Gündoğan, İ., & Helvacı, C. (2011). Mineralogy, diagenesis and hydrochemical evolution in a probertite–glauberite–halite saline lake (Miocene, Emet Basin, Turkey). Chemical Geology, 280(3-4), 352-364.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Artinite
Formula: Mg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Dietrich, R. and Medenbach, O. (1978): Kämmererite from the Kop Krom mine, Kop Daglan (Turkey). Mineralogical Record. 9(5), 277-287.
Asbolane
Formula: (Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Masurenko, C., and Tanaskovic, D. (2007), In: Andrew, C.J. et al. (eds.): Proc. 9th Biennial SGA Meeting, Dublin (Ireland), August 20-24, 2007.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Awaruite
Formula: Ni3Fe
'Axinite Group'
Reference: Dr. Sonia Tonarini (Pisa) results (Talk at Vienna University, 19 May 2008)
Axinite-(Mn)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Reference: Oyman, T., Minareci, F., and Pişkin, Ö. (2003): Ore Geology Reviews 23, 35-53.
'Axinite-(Mn)-Tinzenite Series'
Reference: Oyman, T., Minareci, F., and Pişkin, Ö. (2003): Ore Geology Reviews 23, 35-53.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Barroisite
Formula: ☐{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, Vol. 9, 2000, pp. 47-56.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
'Bastnäsite'
Reference: Stumpfl, E.F., and Kirikoglu, M.S. (1985): Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Geologischen Gesellschaft 78, 193-200.; Journal of Asian Earth Sciences (2003) 21:365-376; Nikiforov, A. V., Öztürk, H., Altuncu, S., & Lebedev, V. A. (2014). Kizilcaören ore-bearing complex with carbonatites (northwestern Anatolia, Turkey): Formation time and mineralogy of rocks. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(1), 35-60.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Erkoy, H., & Kadir, S. (2016). Occurrence of Cr-bearing beryl in stream sediment from Eskişehir, NW Turkey. Earth Sciences Research Journal, 20(3), 1. https://doi.org/10.15446/esrj.v20n3.47677
Betekhtinite
Formula: (Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Bicchulite
Formula: Ca2(Al2SiO6)(OH)2
Reference: Taner, M. F., Martin, R. F., & Gault, R. A. (2013). The Mineralogy of Skarns of the Spurrite–Merwinite Subfacies, Sanidinite Facies, Güneyce–Ikizdere Area, Eastern Black Sea, Turkey. The Canadian Mineralogist, 51(6), 893-911.
Billingsleyite
Formula: Ag7AsS6
Reference: Blanks, D. E., Holwell, D. A. and Coller, I. V. (2014), Multi Stage Epithermal Au-Ag Mineralisation in the Kiziltepe Deposit, Western Turkey: Evidence From 3D High Resolution CT Scanning. Acta Geologica Sinica, 88: 706–707.
'Biotite'
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Yahya Çiftçi, M. Kemal Revan, Pınar Şen & Okan Zimitoğlu (2013). International Workshop on Base and Precious Metals May 20 - 27, 2013 Field Trip Guide Book May 24-27, 2013.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Bixbyite
Formula: Mn3+2O3
'Blaubleibender Covellite'
Reference: Kines, M. T. (1969). The geology and the ore mineralization in the Keban area, east Turkey (Doctoral dissertation, Durham University).
Blödite
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Böhmite
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Echle, W. (1967): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 14, 86-101.
Borax
Formula: Na2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: Kines, M. T. (1969). The geology and the ore mineralization in the Keban area, east Turkey (Doctoral dissertation, Durham University).
'Bournonite-Seligmannite Series'
Reference: Çağatay, A., and Arman, B. (1989): Geological Bulletin of Turkey 32, 15-20.
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Reference: Yahya Ciftci (2001) Cr, Ni, PGE and Au Geochemistry of Kizildag Ophiolites (Middle Anatolia) in (2001) European Union of Geosciences Conference XI (OS6)
Brianroulstonite
Formula: Ca3[B5O6(OH)6](OH)Cl2 · 8H2O
Reference: Koçak, İ. & Koç, Ş. (2016): Geochemical characteristics of Kırka (Sarıkaya) borate deposit, northwestern Anatolia, Turkey. Journal of Earth System Science: 125: 147-164; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12548 (2016)
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Brockite
Formula: (Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Reference: Stumpfl, E.F., and Kirikoglu, M.S. (1985): Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Geologischen Gesellschaft 78, 193-200.; Journal of Asian Earth Sciences (2003) 21:365-376
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Burkeite
Formula: Na6(CO3)(SO4)2
Reference: Lideke Vergouwen (1979) Two New Occurrences and the Gibbs Energy of Burkeite. Mineralogical Magazine 43:341-345.
'Bursaite'
Formula: Pb5Bi4S11 (?)
Reference: Tolun, R. (1954-55): Bulletin of the Mineral Research and Exploration Institute of Turkey, Foreign Edition, 46/47, 106-127.
Bustamite
Formula: CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Reference: Öztürk, H. (1997): Ore Geology Reviews 12, 187-203.
Cahnite
Formula: Ca2[B(OH)4](AsO4)
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 83 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Carrollite
Formula: Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Cattierite
Formula: CoS2
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Reference: Mustafa Kumral, Hakan Çoban, and Şemsettin Caran (2013) Th-, U- AND LREE-BEARING GROSSULAR, CHROMIAN FERRIALLANITE-(Ce) AND CHROMIAN CERITE-(Ce) IN SKARN XENOLITHS EJECTED FROM THE GÖLCÜK MAAR CRATER, ISPARTA, ANATOLIA, TURKEY, 2008, Canadian Mineralogist Can Mineral 46:275-276
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Cervantite
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+O4
'Chabazite'
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Demir, Y. et al. (2009): Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, 185, 215-232.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Chalcophanite
Formula: (Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Reference: Kines, M. T. (1969). The geology and the ore mineralization in the Keban area, east Turkey (Doctoral dissertation, Durham University).
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 69 localities in this region.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Reference: Celebi, Hüseyin, Helvaci, Cahit & Uçurum, Ali (2010) Apatite-bearing magnetite deposit of Pinarbasi (Adiyaman): Geological, geochemical and economical potential. Mineral Res. Expl. Bull., 141, 27-52.
Chantalite (TL)
Formula: CaAl2(SiO4)(OH)4
Type Locality:
Reference: American Mineralogist: 63: 1282
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 68 localities in this region.
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Chondrodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Reference: Kines, M. T. (1969). The geology and the ore mineralization in the Keban area, east Turkey (Doctoral dissertation, Durham University).
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Chromite var: Ferrian Chromite
Formula: Fe2+(Cr,Fe3+)2O4
Reference: Günay, K., Dönmez, C., Uysal, İ., Yıldırım, N., Şahin, M. B., Yıldırım, E., ... & Lee, I. (2016). Chrome spinel geochemistry of ultramafic rocks from the Elekdağ metaophiolite (Northern Turkey): Implications for greenschist to mid-amphibolite facies metamorphism. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 193(3), 215-230.
'Chromite-Magnesiochromite Series'
Reference: cavus altunbulak Collection
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Kimya Bölümü - Ankara Üniversitesi article in http://public.fotki.com/zelanakkas/zleden-resml-haberler/miyosen-dneme-aitya/1.html
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
'Clays'
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinochlore var: Chromian Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
'Clinoptilolite'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, Vol. 9, 2000, pp. 47-56.
'Clinozoisite-Epidote Series'
Reference: Turkish J. Earth Sci. 9:47-56 (2000)
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Yılmazer, E., Güleç, N., Kuşcu, İ., & Lentz, D. R. (2014). Geology, geochemistry, and geochronology of Fe-oxide Cu (±Au) mineralization associated with Şamlı pluton, western Turkey. Ore Geology Reviews, 57, 191-215.
Cobaltpentlandite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Cohenite
Formula: Fe3C
Description: Cohenite is labelled 'cementite' in the metallurgical literature.
Reference: Aksoy, I., Ceylan, M. & Kayali, N. (1996) Phase investigation of an iron meteorite from Akyumak. J. Mater. Process. Technol. 57 (3 - 4): 221 - 224 (Feb 1996)
Colemanite
Formula: Ca[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Nikiforov, A. V., Öztürk, H., Altuncu, S., & Lebedev, V. A. (2014). Kizilcaören ore-bearing complex with carbonatites (northwestern Anatolia, Turkey): Formation time and mineralogy of rocks. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(1), 35-60.
Corrensite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Crossite'
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Cuspidine
Formula: Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Reference: Taner, M. F., Martin, R. F., & Gault, R. A. (2013). The Mineralogy of Skarns of the Spurrite–Merwinite Subfacies, Sanidinite Facies, Güneyce–Ikizdere Area, Eastern Black Sea, Turkey. The Canadian Mineralogist, 51(6), 893-911.
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Datolite var: Bakerite
Formula: Ca4(H5B5Si3O20)
Daubréelite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Description: Embedded in kamacite in Colakoglu & Ceylan (1988) photograph
Reference: Colakoglu, K. & Ceylan, M. (1988) An iron meteorite from Akyumak: Meteoritics 23 (4): 371-372 (Dec 1988)
Deerite
Formula: (Fe,Mn)6(Fe,Al)3[Si6O17]O3(OH)5
Reference: R. Muir Wood (1979) The Iron-Rich Blueschist Facies Minerals: I. Deerite. Mineralogical Magazine 43:251-259
Defernite (TL)
Formula: Ca6(CO3)2-x(SiO4)x(OH)7(Cl,OH)1-2x (x<0.5)
Type Locality:
Reference: Bull.Soc.fr.Min.Crist.(1980) 103, 185-189; Sarp H, Burri G (1987) Yeni bir mineral, trabzonit, Ca4 Si3 O10 2H2O. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Turkey 30, 57-60; Taner, M. F., Martin, R. F., & Gault, R. A. (2013). The Mineralogy of Skarns of the Spurrite–Merwinite Subfacies, Sanidinite Facies, Güneyce–Ikizdere Area, Eastern Black Sea, Turkey. The Canadian Mineralogist, 51(6), 893-911.
Dellaite
Formula: Ca6Si3O11(OH)2
Reference: Taner, M. F., Martin, R. F., & Gault, R. A. (2013). The Mineralogy of Skarns of the Spurrite–Merwinite Subfacies, Sanidinite Facies, Güneyce–Ikizdere Area, Eastern Black Sea, Turkey. The Canadian Mineralogist, 51(6), 893-911.
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Diaspore var: Colour-change diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Hatipoglu, M. & Akgun, M. (2009) Zultanite, or colour-change diaspore from the Milas (Mugla) Region, Turkey. The Australian Gemmologist, 23, 558-565.
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Diopside-Hedenbergite Series'
Reference: Öztürk, Y.Y., Helvacı, C., and Satır, M. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 271-284.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Dolomite var: Ferroan Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Reference: Akçay, M., Özkan, H.M., Spiro, B., Wilson, R., and Hoskin, P.W.O. (2003): Mineralogical Magazine 67(4), 671-688.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Dussertite
Formula: BaFe3+3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Bernasconi, A., Glover, N., & Viljoen, R. P. (1980). The geology and geochemistry of the senator antimony deposit—Turkey. Mineralium Deposita, 15(3), 259-274.
Eastonite
Formula: KMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Nikiforov, A. V., Öztürk, H., Altuncu, S., & Lebedev, V. A. (2014). Kizilcaören ore-bearing complex with carbonatites (northwestern Anatolia, Turkey): Formation time and mineralogy of rocks. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(1), 35-60.
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Emplectite
Formula: CuBiS2
Reference: Yahya Çiftçi, M. Kemal Revan, Pınar Şen & Okan Zimitoğlu (2013). International Workshop on Base and Precious Metals May 20 - 27, 2013 Field Trip Guide Book May 24-27, 2013.
Empressite
Formula: AgTe
Reference: Oyman, T. (2010): Geochemistry, mineralogy and genesis of the Ayazmant Fe–Cu skarn deposit in Ayvalik, (Balikesir), Turkey. Ore Geology Reviews 37, 175-201.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Ephesite (TL)
Formula: LiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Smith J L (1851) Memoir on Emery - Second Part - On the minerals associated with emery: corundum, hydrargillite, diaspore, zinc spinel, pholerite, ephesite (a new species), emerylite (a new species), muscovite, chloritoid (a new variety), black tourmaline, chlorite, magnetic oxyd of iron, oligiste iron, hydrated oxyd of iron, iron pyrites, rutile, ilmenite and titaniferous iron, American Journal of Science, 11, 53-66; Schaller, W. T., Carron, M. K., Fleischer, M. (1967): Ephesite, Na(LiAl2)(Al2Si2)O10(OH)2, a trioctahedral member of the margarite group, and related brittle micas, American Mineralogist, 52, 1689-1696. [http://www.minsocam.org/ammin/AM52/AM52_1689.pdf]; Contr. Min. Pet. 85 (1984), 74;
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Altay, T., Karakaya, M.Ç., and Murat, A. (2010): Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2010.
'Erionite'
Erionite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Reference: USGS Open File report 10-1286
Erionite-Na
Formula: (Na2,K2,Ca)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Reference: Dogan,Umran and Dogan,Meral (2008) Re-evaluation and re-classification of erionite series minerals,Environ Geochem Health 30:355-366
Erlichmanite
Formula: OsS2
Reference: Uysal, I., Sadiklar, M. B., Tarkian, M., Karsli, O., & Aydin, F. (2005). Mineralogy and composition of the chromitites and their platinum-group minerals from Ortaca (Muğla-SW Turkey): evidence for ophiolitic chromitite genesis. Mineralogy and petrology, 83(3-4), 219-242.; Uysal, İ., Tarkian, M., Sadiklar, M. B., Zaccarini, F., Meisel, T., Garuti, G., & Heidrich, S. (2009). Petrology of Al-and Cr-rich ophiolitic chromitites from the Muğla, SW Turkey: implications from composition of chromite, solid inclusions of platinum-group mineral, silicate, and base-metal mineral, and Os-isotope geochemistry. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 158(5), 659-674.
Esseneite
Formula: CaFe3+[AlSiO6]
Reference: Mustafa Kumral, Hakan Çoban, and Şemsettin Caran (2013) Th-, U- AND LREE-BEARING GROSSULAR, CHROMIAN FERRIALLANITE-(Ce) AND CHROMIAN CERITE-(Ce) IN SKARN XENOLITHS EJECTED FROM THE GÖLCÜK MAAR CRATER, ISPARTA, ANATOLIA, TURKEY, 2008, Canadian Mineralogist Can Mineral 46:275-276
Eugsterite (TL)
Formula: Na4Ca(SO4)3 · 2H2O
Reference: Am. Min. 66 (1981), 632
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group'
Ferriallanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Mustafa Kumral, Hakan Çoban, and Şemsettin Caran (2013) Th-, U- AND LREE-BEARING GROSSULAR, CHROMIAN FERRIALLANITE-(Ce) AND CHROMIAN CERITE-(Ce) IN SKARN XENOLITHS EJECTED FROM THE GÖLCÜK MAAR CRATER, ISPARTA, ANATOLIA, TURKEY, 2008, Canadian Mineralogist Can Mineral 46:275-276
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Reference: Erik Vercammen field observation and collection
Ferro-glaucophane
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Okay, A.I. (2002): Journal of Metamorphic Geology 20, 757-768.
Feruvite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Demirel, Serhat, Goncuogluu, M. Cemal, Topuz, Goltekin, and Isik, Veysel, 2009, Geology and Chemical Variations in Tourmaline from the Quartz-Tourmaline Breccias within the Kerkenez Granite-Monzonite Massif, Central Anatolian Crystalline Complex, Turkey, Canadian Mineralogist, v 47, p. 787-799.
'Florencite'
Reference: Stumpfl, E.F., and Kirikoglu, M.S. (1985): Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Geologischen Gesellschaft 78, 193-200.; Nikiforov, A. V., Öztürk, H., Altuncu, S., & Lebedev, V. A. (2014). Kizilcaören ore-bearing complex with carbonatites (northwestern Anatolia, Turkey): Formation time and mineralogy of rocks. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(1), 35-60.
'Fluocerite'
Reference: Stumpfl, E.F., and Kirikoglu, M.S. (1985): Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Geologischen Gesellschaft 78, 193-200.; Journal of Asian Earth Sciences (2003) 21:365-376
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
'Fluorapophyllite'
Reference: Yücel, C., Temizel, R., Abdioğlu, E., Arslan, M., & Yağcıoğlu, U. C. (2014). Origin of analcimes in the Tertiary volcanic rocks from the Eastern Pontides (NE Turkey): a textural, mineralogical and geochemical approach. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 191(3), 277-299.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Foitite
Formula: (□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 37: 155-161.; Mineral. Petrol. 94 (2008) 195-208.
Fontarnauite (TL)
Formula: (Na,K)2(Sr,Ca) (SO4)[B5O8(OH)]·2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: J. García-Veigas, L. Rosell, X. Alcobé, I. Subias, F. Ortí, I. Gündogan and C. Helvaci (2010) Fontarnauite, a New Sulphate-Borate Mineral from the Emet Borate District (Turkey). Macla 13, 97-98.; Cooper, M.A., Hawthorne, F.C., Garcıá-Veigas, J., Alcobé, X., Helvaci, C., Grew, E.S. and Ball, N.A. (2014) Fontarnauite, IMA 2009-096a. CNMNC Newsletter No. 22, October 2014, page 1244; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 1241-1248. ; Cooper, M. A., Hawthorne, F. C., García-Veigas, J., Alcobé, X., Helvaci, C., Grew, E. S., & Ball, N. A. (2015). Fontarnauite,(Na, K) 2 (Sr, Ca)(SO4)[B5O8 (OH)](H2O) 2, A New Sulfate-Borate Mineral From Doğanlar (Emet), Kütahya Province, Western Anatolia, Turkey. The Canadian Mineralogist, 53(5), 803-820.; García-Veigas, J., Rosell, L., Ortí, F., Gündoğan, İ., & Helvacı, C. (2011). Mineralogy, diagenesis and hydrochemical evolution in a probertite–glauberite–halite saline lake (Miocene, Emet Basin, Turkey). Chemical Geology, 280(3-4), 352-364.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Foshagite
Formula: Ca4(Si3O9)(OH)2
Reference: Taner, M. F., Martin, R. F., & Gault, R. A. (2013). The Mineralogy of Skarns of the Spurrite–Merwinite Subfacies, Sanidinite Facies, Güneyce–Ikizdere Area, Eastern Black Sea, Turkey. The Canadian Mineralogist, 51(6), 893-911.
Freibergite
Formula: Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Reference: Smith J L (1851) Memoir on Emery - Second Part - On the minerals associated with emery: corundum, hydrargillite, diaspore, zinc spinel, pholerite, ephesite (a new species), emerylite (a new species), muscovite, chloritoid (a new variety), black tourmaline, chlorite, magnetic oxyd of iron, oligiste iron, hydrated oxyd of iron, iron pyrites, rutile, ilmenite and titaniferous iron, American Journal of Science, 11, 53-66
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 45 localities in this region.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
'Garnierite'
Reference: Masurenko, C., and Tanaskovic, D. (2007), In: Andrew, C.J. et al. (eds.): Proc. 9th Biennial SGA Meeting, Dublin (Ireland), August 20-24, 2007.
Gehlenite
Formula: Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Reference: Taner, M. F., Martin, R. F., & Gault, R. A. (2013). The Mineralogy of Skarns of the Spurrite–Merwinite Subfacies, Sanidinite Facies, Güneyce–Ikizdere Area, Eastern Black Sea, Turkey. The Canadian Mineralogist, 51(6), 893-911.
Geocronite
Formula: Pb14(Sb,As)6S23
Reference: Sharp, W. E., Wieland, M., Mittwede, S. K. (2007): A mineralogical note on boulangerite, geocronite, and yenerite from near Işik Dağı (Kızılcahamam-Ankara), Turkey. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences 16, 109-116.
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
'Glass'
Glauberite
Formula: Na2Ca(SO4)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Glauconite
Formula: (K,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)(Fe3+,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Glaucophane
Formula: ◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Godlevskite
Formula: (Ni,Fe)9S8
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Gonnardite ?
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Reference: Alan F. Cooper, Durmus Boztuğ, J. Michael Palin, Candace E. Martin, Mihoko Numata (2011) Petrology and petrogenesis of carbonatitic rocks in syenites from central Anatolia, Turkey. Contrib Mineral Petrol 161:811–828.
Graphite
Formula: C
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Grossular-Hibschite Series'
Gudmundite
Formula: FeSbS
Reference: Rudolf Dud'a and Lubos Rejl, La grande Encyclopédie des Minéraux, Edition Gründ, 1986 (French translation of a book in Czech)
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Haüyne
Formula: (Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Reference: Nikiforov, A. V., Öztürk, H., Altuncu, S., & Lebedev, V. A. (2014). Kizilcaören ore-bearing complex with carbonatites (northwestern Anatolia, Turkey): Formation time and mineralogy of rocks. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(1), 35-60.
Haxonite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)23C6
Description: As carbide roses inside plessite
Reference: Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 52 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Reference: Günay, K., Dönmez, C., Uysal, İ., Yıldırım, N., Şahin, M. B., Yıldırım, E., ... & Lee, I. (2016). Chrome spinel geochemistry of ultramafic rocks from the Elekdağ metaophiolite (Northern Turkey): Implications for greenschist to mid-amphibolite facies metamorphism. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 193(3), 215-230.
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
'Heulandite subgroup'
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: van Doesburg, J.D.J., L. Vergouwen, and L. van der Plas (1982): Konyaite, Na2Mg(SO4)2•5H2O, a new mineral from the Great Konya Basin, Turkey. American Mineralogist 67, 1035-1038.
Heyrovskýite
Formula: Pb6Bi2S9
Reference: Yahya Çiftçi, M. Kemal Revan, Pınar Şen & Okan Zimitoğlu (2013). International Workshop on Base and Precious Metals May 20 - 27, 2013 Field Trip Guide Book May 24-27, 2013.
'Hilgardite-4M'
Reference: Koçak, İ. & Koç, Ş. (2016): Geochemical characteristics of Kırka (Sarıkaya) borate deposit, northwestern Anatolia, Turkey. Journal of Earth System Science: 125: 147-164; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12548 (2016)
Hillebrandite
Formula: Ca2(SiO3)(OH)2
Reference: Am Min 73:11-12 p 1497; Sarp H, Burri G (1987) Yeni bir mineral, trabzonit, Ca4 Si3 O10 2H2O. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Turkey 30, 57-60; Armbruster T, Yang P, Liebich B W (1996) Mechanism of the SiO4 for CO3 substitution in defernite, Ca6(CO3)1.58(Si2O7)0.21(OH)7[Cl0.50(OH)0.08(H2O)0.42]: a single-crystal X-ray study at 100 K. American Mineralogist 81, 625-631; Taner, M. F., Martin, R. F., & Gault, R. A. (2013). The Mineralogy of Skarns of the Spurrite–Merwinite Subfacies, Sanidinite Facies, Güneyce–Ikizdere Area, Eastern Black Sea, Turkey. The Canadian Mineralogist, 51(6), 893-911.
'Hornblende'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Howlite
Formula: Ca2B5SiO9(OH)5
Huntite
Formula: CaMg3(CO3)4
Reference: Irion, G., Müller, G. (1968): Huntite, Dolomite, Magnesite and Polyhalite of Recent Age from Tuz Gölü, Turkey. Nature, 220, 1309-1310.; Helvaci, C., Mordogan, H., Çolak, M., & Gündogan, I. (2004). Presence and distribution of lithium in borate deposits and some recent lake waters of west-central Turkey. International Geology Review, 46(2), 177-190.
Hydroboracite
Formula: CaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Hydrochlorborite
Formula: Ca4B8O15Cl2 · 21H2O
Reference: Koçak, İ. & Koç, Ş. (2016): Geochemical characteristics of Kırka (Sarıkaya) borate deposit, northwestern Anatolia, Turkey. Journal of Earth System Science: 125: 147-164; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12548 (2016)
'Hydrogarnet'
Reference: Econ Geol (1989)84:780-787
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Hydrotalcite
Formula: Mg6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 61, pages 825-830, 1976
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Hydroxylellestadite
Formula: Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(OH)
Reference: Taner, M. F., Martin, R. F., & Gault, R. A. (2013). The Mineralogy of Skarns of the Spurrite–Merwinite Subfacies, Sanidinite Facies, Güneyce–Ikizdere Area, Eastern Black Sea, Turkey. The Canadian Mineralogist, 51(6), 893-911.
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Reference: SELAHATTİN KADİR, HASAN KOLAYLI, MUHSİN EREN (2013): Genesis of sedimentary- and vein-type magnesite deposits at Kop Mountain, NE Turkey. Turkish J. Earth Sci., 22, 98-114.
Idaite
Formula: Cu5FeS6
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Ilyukhinite
Formula: (H3O,Na)14Ca6Mn2Zr3Si26O72(OH)2·3H2O
Reference: Nikiforov, A. V., Öztürk, H., Altuncu, S., & Lebedev, V. A. (2014). Kizilcaören ore-bearing complex with carbonatites (northwestern Anatolia, Turkey): Formation time and mineralogy of rocks. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(1), 35-60.
Inderborite
Formula: CaMg(H3B3O7)2 · 8H2O
Reference: CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, Vol. 9, 2000, pp. 1-27; http://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/T%FCrkei/Eskisehir/Kirka/Sarikaya; Baysal, O. (1972) : A mineralogical study and genesis of Sarıkaya (Kırka) borate deposits. Hacettepe University, Ankara.
Inderite
Formula: MgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Reference: CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, Vol. 9, 2000, pp. 1-27; http://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/T%FCrkei/Eskisehir/Kirka/Sarikaya; Baysal, O. (1972) : A mineralogical study and genesis of Sarıkaya (Kırka) borate deposits. Hacettepe University, Ankara.
Inyoite
Formula: Ca(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
Irarsite
Formula: (Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Reference: N. Jb. Mineral. 185 (2009) 323-333; Uysal, İ., Tarkian, M., Sadiklar, M. B., Zaccarini, F., Meisel, T., Garuti, G., & Heidrich, S. (2009). Petrology of Al-and Cr-rich ophiolitic chromitites from the Muğla, SW Turkey: implications from composition of chromite, solid inclusions of platinum-group mineral, silicate, and base-metal mineral, and Os-isotope geochemistry. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 158(5), 659-674.
Iridium
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Reference: Uysal, İ., Tarkian, M., Sadiklar, M. B., Zaccarini, F., Meisel, T., Garuti, G., & Heidrich, S. (2009). Petrology of Al-and Cr-rich ophiolitic chromitites from the Muğla, SW Turkey: implications from composition of chromite, solid inclusions of platinum-group mineral, silicate, and base-metal mineral, and Os-isotope geochemistry. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 158(5), 659-674.
Iron
Formula: Fe
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Iron var: Martensite
Formula: Fe
Reference: Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.; http://evols.library.manoa.hawaii.edu/bitstream/handle/10524/35874/vol3-Ri-Ro(LO).pdf#page=14
Jacobsite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Öztürk, H. (1997): Ore Geology Reviews 12, 187-203.
Jadeite
Formula: Na(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Jalpaite
Formula: Ag3CuS2
Reference: Blanks, D. E., Holwell, D. A. and Coller, I. V. (2014), Multi Stage Epithermal Au-Ag Mineralisation in the Kiziltepe Deposit, Western Turkey: Evidence From 3D High Resolution CT Scanning. Acta Geologica Sinica, 88: 706–707.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Yahya Çiftçi, M. Kemal Revan, Pınar Şen & Okan Zimitoğlu (2013). International Workshop on Base and Precious Metals May 20 - 27, 2013 Field Trip Guide Book May 24-27, 2013.
Kaersutite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Reference: Graham Smith, Marian Holness & Judith Bunbury (2007) Rare magmatic scapolite oikocrysts in cumulate nodules from the Kula Volcanic Province, Western Turkey. Poster 67 Volcanic and Magmatic Studies Group Winter Meeting, 4-5 January, 2007
Kaliborite
Formula: KMg2H[B6O8(OH)5]2(H2O)4
Reference: J. García-Veigas, L. Rosell, X. Alcobé, I. Subias, F. Ortí, I. Gündogan and C. Helvaci (2010) Fontarnauite, a New Sulphate-Borate Mineral from the Emet Borate District (Turkey). Macla 13, 97-98. ; Cooper, M. A., Hawthorne, F. C., García-Veigas, J., Alcobé, X., Helvaci, C., Grew, E. S., & Ball, N. A. (2015). Fontarnauite,(Na, K) 2 (Sr, Ca)(SO4)[B5O8 (OH)](H2O) 2, A New Sulfate-Borate Mineral From Doğanlar (Emet), Kütahya Province, Western Anatolia, Turkey. The Canadian Mineralogist, 53(5), 803-820.; García-Veigas, J., Rosell, L., Ortí, F., Gündoğan, İ., & Helvacı, C. (2011). Mineralogy, diagenesis and hydrochemical evolution in a probertite–glauberite–halite saline lake (Miocene, Emet Basin, Turkey). Chemical Geology, 280(3-4), 352-364.
Kalistrontite
Formula: K2Sr(SO4)2
Reference: J. García-Veigas, L. Rosell, X. Alcobé, I. Subias, F. Ortí, I. Gündogan and C. Helvaci (2010) Fontarnauite, a New Sulphate-Borate Mineral from the Emet Borate District (Turkey). Macla 13, 97-98. ; Cooper, M. A., Hawthorne, F. C., García-Veigas, J., Alcobé, X., Helvaci, C., Grew, E. S., & Ball, N. A. (2015). Fontarnauite,(Na, K) 2 (Sr, Ca)(SO4)[B5O8 (OH)](H2O) 2, A New Sulfate-Borate Mineral From Doğanlar (Emet), Kütahya Province, Western Anatolia, Turkey. The Canadian Mineralogist, 53(5), 803-820.; García-Veigas, J., Rosell, L., Ortí, F., Gündoğan, İ., & Helvacı, C. (2011). Mineralogy, diagenesis and hydrochemical evolution in a probertite–glauberite–halite saline lake (Miocene, Emet Basin, Turkey). Chemical Geology, 280(3-4), 352-364.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Kashinite
Formula: (Ir,Rh)2S3
Reference: Uysal, İ., Tarkian, M., Sadiklar, M. B., Zaccarini, F., Meisel, T., Garuti, G., & Heidrich, S. (2009). Petrology of Al-and Cr-rich ophiolitic chromitites from the Muğla, SW Turkey: implications from composition of chromite, solid inclusions of platinum-group mineral, silicate, and base-metal mineral, and Os-isotope geochemistry. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 158(5), 659-674.
Kermesite
Formula: Sb2S2O
Kernite
Formula: Na2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
Reference: CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, Vol. 9, 2000, pp. 1-27
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Killalaite
Formula: Ca6.4(H0.6Si2O7)2(OH)2
Reference: Am Min 73:11-12 p 1497; Sarp H, Burri G (1987) Yeni bir mineral, trabzonit, Ca4 Si3 O10 2H2O. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Turkey 30, 57-60; T. Armbruster, B. Lazic, I.O. Galuskina, E.V. Galuskin, E. Gnos, K.M. Marzec, V.M. Gazeev (2012): Trabzonite, Ca4[Si3O9(OH)]OH: crystal structure, revised formula, new occurrence and relation to killalaite. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 455–472.; Taner, M. F., Martin, R. F., & Gault, R. A. (2013). The Mineralogy of Skarns of the Spurrite–Merwinite Subfacies, Sanidinite Facies, Güneyce–Ikizdere Area, Eastern Black Sea, Turkey. The Canadian Mineralogist, 51(6), 893-911.
Konyaite (TL)
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Amer.Min.(1982) 67, 1035-1038
Kurnakovite
Formula: MgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Reference: http://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/T%FCrkei/Eskisehir/Kirka/Sarikaya; Baysal, O. (1972) : A mineralogical study and genesis of Sarıkaya (Kırka) borate deposits. Hacettepe University, Ankara.; CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, Vol. 9, 2000, pp. 1-27
Kutnohorite
Formula: CaMn2+(CO3)2
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Larnite
Formula: Ca2SiO4
Reference: Sebastian Axt; Yücel, C., Temizel, R., Abdioğlu, E., Arslan, M., & Yağcıoğlu, U. C. (2014). Origin of analcimes in the Tertiary volcanic rocks from the Eastern Pontides (NE Turkey): a textural, mineralogical and geochemical approach. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 191(3), 277-299.
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Laurite
Formula: RuS2
Lawsonite
Formula: CaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Lawsonite var: Chromian Lawsonite
Formula: Ca(Al,Cr)2[Si2O7](OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Sherlock, S.C., and Okay, A.I. (1999): Oscillatory zoned chrome lawsonite in the Tavsanli Zone, northwest Turkey. Mineralogical Magazine 63(5), 687-692
Lenaite
Formula: AgFeS2
Reference: Blanks, D. E., Holwell, D. A. and Coller, I. V. (2014), Multi Stage Epithermal Au-Ag Mineralisation in the Kiziltepe Deposit, Western Turkey: Evidence From 3D High Resolution CT Scanning. Acta Geologica Sinica, 88: 706–707.
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Lepidolite'
Leucite
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
Leucoxene
Liebigite (TL)
Formula: Ca2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 11H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Smith, J.L. (1848) American Journal of Science: 5: 336; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 241..
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Günay, K., Dönmez, C., Uysal, İ., Yıldırım, N., Şahin, M. B., Yıldırım, E., ... & Lee, I. (2016). Chrome spinel geochemistry of ultramafic rocks from the Elekdağ metaophiolite (Northern Turkey): Implications for greenschist to mid-amphibolite facies metamorphism. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 193(3), 215-230.
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Loughlinite
Formula: Na2Mg3Si6O16 · 8H2O
Reference: Echle, W. (1967): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 14, 86-101.
Löweite
Formula: Na12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2O
Reference: van Doesburg, J.D.J., L. Vergouwen, and L. van der Plas (1982): Konyaite, Na2Mg(SO4)2•5H2O, a new mineral from the Great Konya Basin, Turkey. American Mineralogist 67, 1035-1038.
Lüneburgite
Formula: Mg3[B2(OH)6](PO4)2 · 6H2O
Luzonite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: http://www.odysseyresources.com/i/pdf/Curtis-AltintepeReport.pdf
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Econ Geol (1984) 79:177-184
Maghemite
Formula: Fe3+2O3
Magnesiochromite
Formula: MgCr2O4
Magnesio-foitite
Formula: (□,Na)(Mg2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Bozkaya, G., HanilçI, N., Baksheev, I. A., Prokofiev, V. Yu. and Banks, D. A. (2014), Tourmaline Composition of the Kışladaĝ Au Deposit, Uşak, Turkey. Acta Geologica Sinica, 88: 520–521
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 48 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
'Manganepidote'
Reference: Öztürk, H. (1997): Ore Geology Reviews 12, 187-203.
'Manganese Oxides'
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Margarite
Formula: CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Matildite
Formula: AgBiS2
Description: Mixed with galena (T>225°C).
Reference: A. Willgallis et al. : "Se- and Te-bearing sulphides in copper ore deposits of Murgul, NE Turkey", Eur. J. Mineral., 1990, 2, pp. 145-148.
Maucherite
Formula: Ni11As8
Mckinstryite
Formula: Ag5-xCu3+xS4
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: http://rruff.info/doclib/hom/melanterite.pdf
'Melnikovite'
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Mercury
Formula: Hg
Metacinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Özgür, N., Halbach, P., Pekdeğer, A., Sommer-von Jarmersted, C., Sönnez, N., Dora, O.Ö., Ma, C.-S., Wolf, M., and Stichler, W. (1997), In: Papunen, H. (ed.): Proc. 4th Biennial SGA Meeting, Turku (Finland), August 11-13, 1997, 269-273.
Metastibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
'Meteoritic Iron'
Description: Fe-Ni metal in the H5 clasts are Ni-rich.
Reference: Weisberg et al. (2008) The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 94, September 2008. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 43(9):1551-1588. (Sept 2008).
Meyerhofferite
Formula: Ca2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Mica Group'
Reference: Akiska, S., Ünlü, T., & Sayili, İ. S. (2008) Mining Geology of the Gold Occurrences Related to the Arsenopyrites of İzmi̇r-ödemi̇ş Region. Mineral Res. Expl. Bull., 136, 1-16
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Mirabilite
Formula: Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Moissanite
Formula: SiC
Habit: Platey hexagonal crystals to 1.5mm.
Colour: colourless, blue, black, greenish yellow, pinkish
Reference: Di Pierro, S., Gnos, E., Grobety, B.H., Armbruster, T., Bernasconi, S.M., and Ulmer, P. (2003) Rock-forming moissanite (natural alpha-silicon carbide). American Mineralogist: 88: 1817-1821.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
'Monazite'
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Mustafa Kumral, Hakan Çoban, and Şemsettin Caran (2013) Th-, U- AND LREE-BEARING GROSSULAR, CHROMIAN FERRIALLANITE-(Ce) AND CHROMIAN CERITE-(Ce) IN SKARN XENOLITHS EJECTED FROM THE GÖLCÜK MAAR CRATER, ISPARTA, ANATOLIA, TURKEY, 2008, Canadian Mineralogist Can Mineral 46:275-276
Monticellite
Formula: CaMgSiO4
Reference: Taner, M. F., Martin, R. F., & Gault, R. A. (2013). The Mineralogy of Skarns of the Spurrite–Merwinite Subfacies, Sanidinite Facies, Güneyce–Ikizdere Area, Eastern Black Sea, Turkey. The Canadian Mineralogist, 51(6), 893-911.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Mordenite
Formula: (Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 71 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
Nahcolite
Formula: NaHCO3
Reference: Helvaci, C., Mordogan, H., Çolak, M., & Gündogan, I. (2004). Presence and distribution of lithium in borate deposits and some recent lake waters of west-central Turkey. International Geology Review, 46(2), 177-190.
Natroalunite
Formula: NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Naumannite
Formula: Ag2Se
Reference: Oyman, T. (2010): Geochemistry, mineralogy and genesis of the Ayazmant Fe–Cu skarn deposit in Ayvalik, (Balikesir), Turkey. Ore Geology Reviews 37, 175-201.
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nesquehonite
Formula: MgCO3 · 3H2O
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Omphacite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Opal var: Fire Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Opal-CT
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Opaline
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
'Opalite'
Reference: Oygür, V. (1997). Anatomy of an epithermal mineralization: Mumcu (Balikesir-Sindirgi), Inner Western Anatolia, Turkey. Mineral Research Exploration Bulletin, 119, 29-39.
Orcelite
Formula: Ni5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Osmium
Formula: (Os,Ir,Ru)
Reference: Uysal, İ., Tarkian, M., Sadiklar, M. B., Zaccarini, F., Meisel, T., Garuti, G., & Heidrich, S. (2009). Petrology of Al-and Cr-rich ophiolitic chromitites from the Muğla, SW Turkey: implications from composition of chromite, solid inclusions of platinum-group mineral, silicate, and base-metal mineral, and Os-isotope geochemistry. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 158(5), 659-674.
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Altay, T., Karakaya, M.Ç., and Murat, A. (2010): Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2010.
Paragonite
Formula: NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pararealgar ?
Formula: As4S4
'Parisite'
Reference: Nikiforov, A. V., Öztürk, H., Altuncu, S., & Lebedev, V. A. (2014). Kizilcaören ore-bearing complex with carbonatites (northwestern Anatolia, Turkey): Formation time and mineralogy of rocks. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(1), 35-60.
Parthéite (TL)
Formula: Ca2(Si4Al4) O15 (OH)2•4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/partheite.pdf.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: Am Min 73:11-12 p 1497; Sarp H, Burri G (1987) Yeni bir mineral, trabzonit, Ca4 Si3 O10 2H2O. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Turkey 30, 57-60
'Petrified Wood'
Reference: Kimya Bölümü - Ankara Üniversitesi article in http://public.fotki.com/zelanakkas/zleden-resml-haberler/miyosen-dneme-aitya/1.html
'Phengite'
Formula: KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Phillipsite'
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Phlogopite-3T'
Reference: Di Pierro, S., Gnos, E., Grobety, B.H., Armbruster, T., Bernasconi, S.M., and Ulmer, P. (2003) Rock-forming moissanite (natural alpha-silicon carbide). American Mineralogist: 88: 1817-1821.
Piemontite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Pirssonite
Formula: Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Helvaci, C., Mordogan, H., Çolak, M., & Gündogan, I. (2004). Presence and distribution of lithium in borate deposits and some recent lake waters of west-central Turkey. International Geology Review, 46(2), 177-190.
Platinum
Formula: Pt
Reference: N. Jb. Mineral. 185 (2009) 323-333
'Plessite'
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Polyhalite
Formula: K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Irion, G., Müller, G. (1968): Huntite, Dolomite, Magnesite and Polyhalite of Recent Age from Tuz Gölü, Turkey. Nature, 220, 1309-1310.; Helvaci, C., Mordogan, H., Çolak, M., & Gündogan, I. (2004). Presence and distribution of lithium in borate deposits and some recent lake waters of west-central Turkey. International Geology Review, 46(2), 177-190.
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1080.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Priceite
Formula: Ca2B5O7(OH)5 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Probertite
Formula: NaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Psilomelane'
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Putoranite
Formula: Cu1.1Fe1.2S2
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: Yilmaz, H., Tolga, O., Arehart, G.B., Colakoglu, A.R., and Billor, Z. (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 32, 81-124.; Yahya Çiftçi, M. Kemal Revan, Pınar Şen & Okan Zimitoğlu (2013). International Workshop on Base and Precious Metals May 20 - 27, 2013 Field Trip Guide Book May 24-27, 2013.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 96 localities in this region.
Pyroaurite
Formula: Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 61, pages 825-830, 1976
'Pyrochlore'
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Yahya Çiftçi, M. Kemal Revan, Pınar Şen & Okan Zimitoğlu (2013). International Workshop on Base and Precious Metals May 20 - 27, 2013 Field Trip Guide Book May 24-27, 2013.
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Pyrosmalite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Reference: Öztürk, H. (1997): Ore Geology Reviews 12, 187-203.
'Pyroxene Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 114 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Agate
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Blue Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: "Dan Costian" Collection
Quartz var: Chalcedony (FRL)
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: Agricola (1546) De Natura Fossilium, p. 466
Quartz var: Chrome-Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Jasper
Ranciéite
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Reference: Öztürk, H. (1997): Ore Geology Reviews 12, 187-203.
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'Rhabdophane'
Reference: Nikiforov, A. V., Öztürk, H., Altuncu, S., & Lebedev, V. A. (2014). Kizilcaören ore-bearing complex with carbonatites (northwestern Anatolia, Turkey): Formation time and mineralogy of rocks. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(1), 35-60.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Rivadavite
Formula: Na6Mg[B6O7(OH)6]4 · 10H2O
Reference: CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, Vol. 9, 2000, pp. 1-27
Romanèchite
Formula: (Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Reference: Öztürk, H., and Frakes, L.A. (1995): Ore Geology Reviews 10, 117-131.
Roxbyite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Basciano L C , Peterson R C , Roeder P L , (1998) Description of schoenfliesite, MgSn(OH)6, and roxbyite, Cu1.72S, from a 1375 BC shipwreck, and rietveld neutron-diffraction refinement of synthetic schoenfliesite, wickmanite, MnSn(OH)6, and burtite, CaSn(OH)6, The Canadian Mineralogist , 36:1203-1210
Rustumite
Formula: Ca10(Si2O7)2(SiO4)(OH)2Cl2
Reference: Am Min 73:11-12 p 1497; Sarp H, Burri G (1987) Yeni bir mineral, trabzonit, Ca4 Si3 O10 2H2O. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Turkey 30, 57-60; Armbruster T, Yang P, Liebich B W (1996) Mechanism of the SiO4 for CO3 substitution in defernite, Ca6(CO3)1.58(Si2O7)0.21(OH)7[Cl0.50(OH)0.08(H2O)0.42]: a single-crystal X-ray study at 100 K. American Mineralogist 81, 625-631; Taner, M. F., Martin, R. F., & Gault, R. A. (2013). The Mineralogy of Skarns of the Spurrite–Merwinite Subfacies, Sanidinite Facies, Güneyce–Ikizdere Area, Eastern Black Sea, Turkey. The Canadian Mineralogist, 51(6), 893-911.
Ruthenium
Formula: (Ru,Ir)
Reference: Uysal, İ., Tarkian, M., Sadiklar, M. B., Zaccarini, F., Meisel, T., Garuti, G., & Heidrich, S. (2009). Petrology of Al-and Cr-rich ophiolitic chromitites from the Muğla, SW Turkey: implications from composition of chromite, solid inclusions of platinum-group mineral, silicate, and base-metal mineral, and Os-isotope geochemistry. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 158(5), 659-674.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Scapolite'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Schoenfliesite
Formula: Mg[Sn(OH)6]
Reference: Basciano L C , Peterson R C , Roeder P L , (1998) Description of schoenfliesite, MgSn(OH)6, and roxbyite, Cu1.72S, from a 1375 BC shipwreck, and rietveld neutron-diffraction refinement of synthetic schoenfliesite, wickmanite, MnSn(OH)6, and burtite, CaSn(OH)6, The Canadian Mineralogist , 36:1203-1210
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Scolecite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Reference: Hatipoglu, M. (2016) The Ankara agates from Turkey. Revista Kasmera, 44:1, 311-327.
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Searlesite
Formula: Na(H2BSi2O7)
Sepiolite
Formula: Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Serpentine Subgroup var: Bastite'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Tandoğan ENGİN; Mehmet BALCI; Yücel SÜMER and Yusuf Z. ÖZKAN: GENERAL GEOLOGICAL SETTING AND THE STRUCTURAL FEATURES OF THE GULEMAN PERIDOTITE UNIT AND THE CHROMITE DEPOSITS (ELAZIĞ, EASTERN TURKEY) (http://dergipark.ulakbim.gov.tr/bulletinofmre/article/view/5000123751/5000114044)
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
'Silica'
Reference: Weisberg et al. (2008) The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 94, September 2008. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 43(9):1551-1588. (Sept 2008).
Silicon
Formula: Si
Reference: Am Min 88:1817-1821
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Silver
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Öztürk, H. (1997): Ore Geology Reviews 12, 187-203.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 53 localities in this region.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Spurrite
Formula: Ca5(SiO4)2(CO3)
Reference: Am Min 73:11-12 p 1497; Sarp H, Burri G (1987) Yeni bir mineral, trabzonit, Ca4 Si3 O10 2H2O. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Turkey 30, 57-60; Armbruster T, Yang P, Liebich B W (1996) Mechanism of the SiO4 for CO3 substitution in defernite, Ca6(CO3)1.58(Si2O7)0.21(OH)7[Cl0.50(OH)0.08(H2O)0.42]: a single-crystal X-ray study at 100 K. American Mineralogist 81, 625-631; Taner, M. F., Martin, R. F., & Gault, R. A. (2013). The Mineralogy of Skarns of the Spurrite–Merwinite Subfacies, Sanidinite Facies, Güneyce–Ikizdere Area, Eastern Black Sea, Turkey. The Canadian Mineralogist, 51(6), 893-911.
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Reference: Yener, K.A. (1986) The archaeometry of silver in Anatolia: the Bolkardağ Mining District. Am. J. Archaeol. 90, 469-472.; Çağatay, A., and Arman, B. (1989): Geological Bulletin of Turkey 32, 15-20.
Starkeyite
Formula: MgSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: van Doesburg, J.D.J., L. Vergouwen, and L. van der Plas (1982): Konyaite, Na2Mg(SO4)2•5H2O, a new mineral from the Great Konya Basin, Turkey. American Mineralogist 67, 1035-1038.
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Stephanite
Formula: Ag5SbS4
Reference: Blanks, D. E., Holwell, D. A. and Coller, I. V. (2014), Multi Stage Epithermal Au-Ag Mineralisation in the Kiziltepe Deposit, Western Turkey: Evidence From 3D High Resolution CT Scanning. Acta Geologica Sinica, 88: 706–707.
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Stilbite subgroup'
Reference: Öztürk, H. (1997): Ore Geology Reviews 12, 187-203.
Stilpnomelane
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Reference: Stumpfl, E.F., and Kirikoglu, M.S. (1985): Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Geologischen Gesellschaft 78, 193-200.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Svanbergite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Nikiforov, A. V., Öztürk, H., Altuncu, S., & Lebedev, V. A. (2014). Kizilcaören ore-bearing complex with carbonatites (northwestern Anatolia, Turkey): Formation time and mineralogy of rocks. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(1), 35-60.
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tellurium
Formula: Te
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Yahya Çiftçi, M. Kemal Revan, Pınar Şen & Okan Zimitoğlu (2013). International Workshop on Base and Precious Metals May 20 - 27, 2013 Field Trip Guide Book May 24-27, 2013.
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Tephroite
Formula: Mn2+2SiO4
Reference: Öztürk, H. (1997): Ore Geology Reviews 12, 187-203.
Tertschite (TL)
Formula: Ca4B10O19 · 20H2O
Reference: Fortschritte der Mineralogie (1953), 31, 39-42.
Teruggite
Formula: Ca4Mg[AsO4|B6O7(OH)6]2 · 12H2O
Reference: J.W. Anthony, R.A. Bideaux, K.W. Bladh, M.C. Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. V (2003); American Mineralogist; April 1979; v. 64; no. 3-4; p. 362-366
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Tetrahedrite var: Argentian Tetrahedrite
Formula: (Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Yilmaz, H., Tolga, O., Arehart, G.B., Colakoglu, A.R., and Billor, Z. (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 32, 81-124.
Tetrataenite
Formula: FeNi
Reference: Meteoritical Society 72nd meeting, 5294(2009)
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Thermonatrite
Formula: Na2CO3 · H2O
Reference: Helvaci, C., Mordogan, H., Çolak, M., & Gündogan, I. (2004). Presence and distribution of lithium in borate deposits and some recent lake waters of west-central Turkey. International Geology Review, 46(2), 177-190.
'Thomsonite'
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Thorianite
Formula: ThO2
Tilleyite
Formula: Ca5(Si2O7)(CO3)2
Reference: Taner, M. F., Martin, R. F., & Gault, R. A. (2013). The Mineralogy of Skarns of the Spurrite–Merwinite Subfacies, Sanidinite Facies, Güneyce–Ikizdere Area, Eastern Black Sea, Turkey. The Canadian Mineralogist, 51(6), 893-911.
Tincalconite
Formula: Na2(B4O7) · 5H2O
Reference: CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, Vol. 9, 2000, pp. 1-27
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Tobermorite
Formula: [Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Reference: Am Min 73:11-12 p 1497; Sarp H, Burri G (1987) Yeni bir mineral, trabzonit, Ca4 Si3 O10 2H2O. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Turkey 30, 57-60
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Trabzonite (TL)
Formula: Ca4(Si3O9)(OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Am Min 73:11-12 p 1497; Sarp H, Burri G (1987) Yeni bir mineral, trabzonit, Ca4 Si3 O10 2H2O. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Turkey 30, 57-60; T. Armbruster, B. Lazic, I.O. Galuskina, E.V. Galuskin, E. Gnos, K.M. Marzec, V.M. Gazeev (2012): Trabzonite, Ca4[Si3O9(OH)]OH: crystal structure, revised formula, new occurrence and relation to killalaite. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 455–472.; Taner, M. F., Martin, R. F., & Gault, R. A. (2013). The Mineralogy of Skarns of the Spurrite–Merwinite Subfacies, Sanidinite Facies, Güneyce–Ikizdere Area, Eastern Black Sea, Turkey. The Canadian Mineralogist, 51(6), 893-911.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Tremolite var: Chrome-Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: www.mta.gov.tr/english/dergi/derg84.html
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Trona
Formula: Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Tunellite
Formula: SrB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Tungsten
Formula: W
Reference: Orhan, A. & Mutlu, H. (2017): Geochemical Characteristics and Rare-Earth Element Distributions Of Kozbudaklar W-Skarn Deposit (Bursa, Western Anatolia). Bulletin Of The Mineral Research and Exploration 155, 115-130.
Ulexite
Formula: NaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
'UM1977-03-COSiO:CaClH' (FRL)
Formula: Ca10-11(CO3)7(SiO4)Cl1-2(OH)1-2
Type Locality:
Reference: Am.Min. 64,658(1979)
'UM1983-08-PO:BaCCaHREETh'
Formula: (Ca,Ba,Th,REE)(PO4,CO3)•H2O
Reference: Kizilyalli, M., Jones, D.S., Evin, N., H. Göktürk, H. (1983): X-ray diffraction data for a distorted brockite and its solid state reactions with Na2CO3. Journal of the Less Common Metals: 93: 433-440; in: Dunn, P.J., Gobel, V., Grice, J.D., Puziewicz, J., Shigley, J.E., Vanko, D.A., Zilczer, J. (1985): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 70: 439
'UM1983-09-S:BiPbTe' (FRL)
Formula: PbBi3S2Te
Type Locality:
Reference: Valid Unnamed Minerals
'UM1983-12-S:CuFe'
Formula: Cu2FeS3
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Yavuz, F., Fuchs, Y., Karakaya, N., & Karakaya, M. Ç. (2008). Chemical composition of tourmaline from the Asarcık Pb–Zn–Cu±U deposit, Şebinkarahisar, Turkey. Mineralogy and Petrology, 94(3-4), 195-208.
Uraninite var: Pitchblende
Formula: UO2
Reference: Yavuz, F., Fuchs, Y., Karakaya, N., & Karakaya, M. Ç. (2008). Chemical composition of tourmaline from the Asarcık Pb–Zn–Cu±U deposit, Şebinkarahisar, Turkey. Mineralogy and Petrology, 94(3-4), 195-208.
Uvarovite
Formula: Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Uytenbogaardtite
Formula: Ag3AuS2
Reference: Blanks, D. E., Holwell, D. A. and Coller, I. V. (2014), Multi Stage Epithermal Au-Ag Mineralisation in the Kiziltepe Deposit, Western Turkey: Evidence From 3D High Resolution CT Scanning. Acta Geologica Sinica, 88: 706–707.
Valentinite
Formula: Sb2O3
Valleriite
Formula: (Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Description: only found in a cave between the overlying dolomite marble and the sericite calc-schist at the bottom, 250 m due N of the Nimriyasligi summer camping site on the W bank of the Firat river.
Reference: Kines, M. T. (1969). The geology and the ore mineralization in the Keban area, east Turkey (Doctoral dissertation, Durham University).
Veatchite
Formula: Sr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
Reference: Koçak, İ., Koç, Ş. (2018): Geochemical characteristics of The Emet (Espey-Hisarcik) borate deposits, Kütahya, Turkey. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 142, 52-63.
'Veatchite-A' (FRL)
Formula: Sr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
Reference: American Mineralogist; April 1979; v. 64; no. 3-4; p. 362-366
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Vuagnatite (TL)
Formula: CaAl(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 61, pages 825-830, 1976
'Wad'
Reference: Nikiforov, A. V., Öztürk, H., Altuncu, S., & Lebedev, V. A. (2014). Kizilcaören ore-bearing complex with carbonatites (northwestern Anatolia, Turkey): Formation time and mineralogy of rocks. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(1), 35-60.
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Reference: Kines, M. T. (1969). The geology and the ore mineralization in the Keban area, east Turkey (Doctoral dissertation, Durham University).
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: Tolun, R. (1954-55): Bulletin of the Mineral Research and Exploration Institute of Turkey, Foreign Edition, 46/47, 106-127.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Wüstite
Formula: FeO
Reference: Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.; http://evols.library.manoa.hawaii.edu/bitstream/handle/10524/35874/vol3-Ri-Ro(LO).pdf#page=14
'Xenotime'
Reference: Celebi, Hüseyin, Helvaci, Cahit & Uçurum, Ali (2010) Apatite-bearing magnetite deposit of Pinarbasi (Adiyaman): Geological, geochemical and economical potential. Mineral Res. Expl. Bull., 141, 27-52.
Yarrowite
Formula: Cu9S8
Reference: Beih. z. Eur. J. Mineral 18 (2006) 28
Yazganite (TL)
Formula: NaFe3+2(Mg,Mn2+)(AsO4)3 · H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Sarp, H. & Černý, R. (2005): Yazganite, NaFe3+2(Mg,Mn)(AsO4)3·H2O, a new mineral: its description and crystal structure. European Journal of Mineralogy 17, 367-374.
'Zeolite Group'
Zincohögbomite-2N2S
Formula: [(Zn,Al,Fe2+)3(Al,Fe3+,Ti)8O15(OH)]2
Description: in metabauxite in the marble envelope of the Menderes massif, southwestern Turkey.
Reference: Ockenga, E., Yalçin, Ü., Medenbach, O., and Schreyer, W. (1998) Zincohögbomite, a new mineral from eastern Aegean metabauxites. European Journal of Mineralogy: 10: 1361-1366.; Jambor, J.L., Pertsev, N.N., and Roberts, A.C. (1999) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 84: 1195-1198.
Zinkenite
Formula: Pb9Sb22S42
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Zoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 61, pages 825-830, 1976

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Awaruite1.AE.20Ni3Fe
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Cohenite1.BA.05Fe3C
Copper1.AA.05Cu
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Haxonite1.BA.10(Fe,Ni)23C6
Iridium1.AF.10(Ir,Os,Ru)
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
var: Martensite1.AE.05Fe
Mercury1.AD.05Hg
Moissanite1.DA.SiC
Osmium1.AF.05(Os,Ir,Ru)
Platinum1.AF.10Pt
Ruthenium1.AF.05(Ru,Ir)
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Silicon1.CB.15Si
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Tellurium1.CC.10Te
Tetrataenite1.AE.10FeNi
Tungsten1.AE.05W
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Aikinite2.HB.05aPbCuBiS3
Anilite2.BA.10Cu7S4
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Betekhtinite2.BE.05(Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Billingsleyite2.KB.05Ag7AsS6
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
'Bursaite'2.JB.40aPb5Bi4S11 (?)
Carrollite2.DA.05Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Cattierite2.EB.05aCoS2
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Clausthalite2.CD.10PbSe
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Cobaltpentlandite2.BB.15(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Daubréelite2.DA.05Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Emplectite2.HA.05CuBiS2
Empressite2.CB.80AgTe
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Erlichmanite2.EB.05aOsS2
Freibergite2.GB.05Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Geocronite2.JB.30aPb14(Sb,As)6S23
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Godlevskite2.BB.15(Ni,Fe)9S8
Gudmundite2.EB.20FeSbS
Heazlewoodite2.BB.05Ni3S2
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Heyrovskýite2.JB.40bPb6Bi2S9
Idaite2.CB.15aCu5FeS6
Irarsite2.EB.25(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Jalpaite2.BA.45Ag3CuS2
Kashinite2.DB.15(Ir,Rh)2S3
Kermesite2.FD.05Sb2S2O
Laurite2.EB.05aRuS2
Lenaite2.CB.10aAgFeS2
Linnaeite2.DA.05Co2+Co3+2S4
Luzonite2.KA.10Cu3AsS4
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Matildite2.JA.20AgBiS2
Maucherite2.AB.15Ni11As8
Mckinstryite2.BA.40Ag5-xCu3+xS4
Metacinnabar2.CB.05aHgS
Metastibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Naumannite2.BA.55Ag2Se
Orcelite2.AB.10Ni5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Pararealgar ?2.FA.15bAs4S4
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Polybasite2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Putoranite2.CB.10bCu1.1Fe1.2S2
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Roxbyite2.BA.05Cu9S5
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Stephanite2.GB.10Ag5SbS4
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
var: Argentian Tetrahedrite2.GB.05(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
'UM1983-09-S:BiPbTe' (TL)2.DC.05PbBi3S2Te
Uytenbogaardtite2.BA.75Ag3AuS2
Valleriite2.FD.30(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Wittichenite2.GA.20Cu3BiS3
Yarrowite2.CA.05dCu9S8
Zinkenite2.JB.35aPb9Sb22S42
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Asbolane4.FL.30(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Bixbyite4.CB.10Mn3+2O3
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Böhmite4.FE.15AlO(OH)
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Cervantite4.DE.30Sb3+Sb5+O4
Chalcophanite4.FL.20(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
var: Ferrian Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+(Cr,Fe3+)2O4
Coronadite4.DK.05aPb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
var: Colour-change diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hausmannite4.BB.10Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Martite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Jacobsite4.BB.05Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Maghemite4.BB.15Fe3+2O3
Magnesiochromite4.BB.05MgCr2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Fire Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-CT4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opaline4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Blue Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony (TL)4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chrome-Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
Ranciéite4.FL.40(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Romanèchite4.DK.10(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Schoenfliesite4.FC.10Mg[Sn(OH)6]
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
'Stibiconite'4.DH.20Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Thorianite4.DL.05ThO2
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
var: Pitchblende4.DL.05UO2
Valentinite4.CB.55Sb2O3
Wüstite4.AB.25FeO
Zincohögbomite-2N2S4.CB.20[(Zn,Al,Fe2+)3(Al,Fe3+,Ti)8O15(OH)]2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Artinite5.DA.10Mg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2O
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Manganoan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Mn)CO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Defernite (TL)5.BA.25Ca6(CO3)2-x(SiO4)x(OH)7(Cl,OH)1-2x (x<0.5)
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
var: Ferroan Dolomite5.AB.10Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Huntite5.AB.25CaMg3(CO3)4
Hydromagnesite5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Hydrotalcite5.DA.50Mg6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Kutnohorite5.AB.10CaMn2+(CO3)2
Liebigite (TL)5.ED.20Ca2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 11H2O
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Nahcolite5.AA.15NaHCO3
Nesquehonite5.CA.05MgCO3 · 3H2O
Pirssonite5.CB.30Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Pyroaurite5.DA.50Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Thermonatrite5.CB.05Na2CO3 · H2O
Trona5.CB.15Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
'UM1977-03-COSiO:CaClH' (TL)5.BA.25Ca10-11(CO3)7(SiO4)Cl1-2(OH)1-2
Group 6 - Borates
Aristarainite6.FB.05Na2MgB12O20 · 8H2O
Borax6.DA.10Na2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Brianroulstonite6.EC.35Ca3[B5O6(OH)6](OH)Cl2 · 8H2O
Cahnite6.AC.70Ca2[B(OH)4](AsO4)
Colemanite6.CB.10Ca[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
Fontarnauite (TL)6.DA.60(Na,K)2(Sr,Ca) (SO4)[B5O8(OH)]·2H2O
Howlite6.CB.20Ca2B5SiO9(OH)5
Hydroboracite6.CB.15CaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
Hydrochlorborite6.DA.30Ca4B8O15Cl2 · 21H2O
Inderborite6.CA.25CaMg(H3B3O7)2 · 8H2O
Inderite6.CA.15MgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Inyoite6.CA.35Ca(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
Kaliborite6.FB.10KMg2H[B6O8(OH)5]2(H2O)4
Kernite6.DB.05Na2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
Kurnakovite6.CA.20MgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Lüneburgite6.AC.60Mg3[B2(OH)6](PO4)2 · 6H2O
Meyerhofferite6.CA.30Ca2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2O
Priceite6.EB.25Ca2B5O7(OH)5 · H2O
Probertite6.EB.15NaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
Rivadavite6.FA.20Na6Mg[B6O7(OH)6]4 · 10H2O
Tertschite (TL)6.EB.20Ca4B10O19 · 20H2O
Teruggite6.FA.25Ca4Mg[AsO4|B6O7(OH)6]2 · 12H2O
Tincalconite6.DA.15Na2(B4O7) · 5H2O
Tunellite6.FC.05SrB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2O
Ulexite6.EA.25NaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Veatchite6.EC.15Sr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Antlerite7.BB.15Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Blödite7.CC.50Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Burkeite7.BD.25Na6(CO3)(SO4)2
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Eugsterite (TL)7.CD.25Na4Ca(SO4)3 · 2H2O
Ferrimolybdite7.GB.30Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Glauberite7.AD.25Na2Ca(SO4)2
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite7.CB.25MgSO4 · 6H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kalistrontite7.AD.40K2Sr(SO4)2
Konyaite (TL)7.CC.80Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 5H2O
Löweite7.CC.45Na12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Mirabilite7.CD.10Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Natroalunite7.BC.10NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Plumbojarosite7.BC.10Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Polyhalite7.CC.65K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Powellite7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Starkeyite7.CB.15MgSO4 · 4H2O
'Thénardite'7.AC.25Na2SO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Annabergite8.CE.40Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Brockite8.CJ.45(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Dussertite8.BL.10BaFe3+3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Svanbergite8.BL.05SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Yazganite (TL)8.AC.10NaFe3+2(Mg,Mn2+)(AsO4)3 · H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Almandine (TL)9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Anorthoclase'9.FA.30(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Axinite-(Mn)9.BD.20Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Barroisite9.DE.20☐{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Bicchulite9.FB.10Ca2(Al2SiO6)(OH)2
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Bustamite9.DG.05CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Cerite-(Ce)9.AG.20(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chantalite (TL)9.AG.55CaAl2(SiO4)(OH)4
Chloritoid9.AF.85(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Chondrodite9.AF.45(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Chromian Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Corrensite9.EC.60(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Cuspidine9.BE.17Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Datolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
var: Bakerite9.AJ.20Ca4(H5B5Si3O20)
Deerite9.DH.60(Fe,Mn)6(Fe,Al)3[Si6O17]O3(OH)5
Dellaite9.BG.45Ca6Si3O11(OH)2
Dickite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Eastonite9.EC.20KMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Ephesite (TL)9.EC.20LiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Erionite-Ca9.GD.20(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Erionite-Na9.GD.20(Na2,K2,Ca)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Esseneite9.DA.15CaFe3+[AlSiO6]
Ferriallanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ferro-glaucophane9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Feruvite9.CK.05Ca(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Foitite9.CK.05(□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Foshagite9.DG.15Ca4(Si3O9)(OH)2
Gehlenite9.BB.10Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Glaucophane9.DE.25◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Gonnardite ?9.GA.05(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Haüyne9.FB.10(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Hillebrandite9.DG.40Ca2(SiO3)(OH)2
Hydroxylellestadite9.AH.25Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(OH)
Ilvaite9.BE.07CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Jadeite9.DA.25Na(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Kaersutite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Killalaite9.BE.85Ca6.4(H0.6Si2O7)2(OH)2
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Larnite9.AD.05Ca2SiO4
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Lawsonite9.BE.05CaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
var: Chromian Lawsonite9.BE.05Ca(Al,Cr)2[Si2O7](OH)2 · H2O
Leucite9.GB.05K(AlSi2O6)
Lizardite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Loughlinite9.EE.25Na2Mg3Si6O16 · 8H2O
Magnesio-foitite9.CK.05(□,Na)(Mg2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Margarite9.EC.30CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Monticellite9.AC.10CaMgSiO4
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mordenite9.GD.35(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Omphacite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Palygorskite9.EE.20(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Paragonite9.EC.15NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Parthéite (TL)9.GB.35Ca2(Si4Al4) O15 (OH)2•4H2O
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Piemontite9.BG.05{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Pyrosmalite-(Mn)9.EE.10Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Rustumite9.BG.30Ca10(Si2O7)2(SiO4)(OH)2Cl2
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Scolecite9.GA.05CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Searlesite9.EF.15Na(H2BSi2O7)
Sepiolite9.EE.25Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spurrite9.AH.15Ca5(SiO4)2(CO3)
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Stilpnomelane9.EG.40(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tephroite9.AC.05Mn2+2SiO4
Thomsonite-Ca9.GA.10NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Tilleyite9.BE.82Ca5(Si2O7)(CO3)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tobermorite9.DG.10[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Trabzonite (TL)9.BJ.15Ca4(Si3O9)(OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
var: Chrome-Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Uvarovite9.AD.25Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Vuagnatite (TL)9.AG.60CaAl(SiO4)(OH)
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
'Zeolite Group'9.G0.
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite9.BG.10{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
''-
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amber'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Uralite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Andradite-Grossular Series'-
'Apatite'-
'Axinite Group'-
'Axinite-(Mn)-Tinzenite Series'-
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-
'Blaubleibender Covellite'-
'Bournonite-Seligmannite Series'-
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
'Chromite-Magnesiochromite Series'-
'Clays'-
'Clinoptilolite'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Clinozoisite-Epidote Series'-
'Crossite'-
'Diopside-Hedenbergite Series'-
'Erionite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Florencite'-
'Fluocerite'-
'Fluorapophyllite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Garnierite'-
'Glass'-
Glauconite-(K,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)(Fe3+,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
'Grossular-Hibschite Series'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hilgardite-4M'-
'Hornblende'-
'Hydrogarnet'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Ilyukhinite-(H3O,Na)14Ca6Mn2Zr3Si26O72(OH)2·3H2O
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Lepidolite'-
Leucoxene-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Manganepidote'-
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Melnikovite'-
'Meteoritic Iron'-
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Opalite'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Parisite'-
'Petrified Wood'-
'Phengite'-KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
'Phillipsite'-
'Phlogopite-3T'-
'Plessite'-
'Psilomelane'-
'Pyrochlore'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Rhabdophane'-
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'var: Bastite'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Silica'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-
'Thomsonite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'UM1983-08-PO:BaCCaHREETh'-(Ca,Ba,Th,REE)(PO4,CO3)•H2O
'UM1983-12-S:CuFe'-Cu2FeS3
'Veatchite-A' (TL)-Sr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
'Wad'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
'Xenotime'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Awaruite1.1.11.4Ni3Fe
Cohenite1.1.16.1Fe3C
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Haxonite1.1.16.2(Fe,Ni)23C6
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Mercury1.1.7.1Hg
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Tetrataenite1.1.11.3FeNi
Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Iridium1.2.1.2(Ir,Os,Ru)
Osmium1.2.2.1(Os,Ir,Ru)
Platinum1.2.1.1Pt
Ruthenium1.2.2.2(Ru,Ir)
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Moissanite1.3.8.1SiC
Silicon1.3.7.1Si
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Tellurium1.3.4.2Te
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 5:2
Orcelite2.3.2.1Ni5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Anilite2.4.7.5Cu7S4
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
Jalpaite2.4.4.1Ag3CuS2
Mckinstryite2.4.5.1Ag5-xCu3+xS4
Naumannite2.4.1.2Ag2Se
Roxbyite2.4.7.4Cu9S5
Uytenbogaardtite2.4.3.1Ag3AuS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
Heazlewoodite2.5.3.1Ni3S2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Cobaltpentlandite2.7.1.3(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Godlevskite2.7.4.1(Ni,Fe)9S8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Yarrowite2.7.3.1Cu9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Clausthalite2.8.1.2PbSe
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Empressite2.8.25.AgTe
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Metacinnabar2.8.2.3HgS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Pararealgar ?2.8.21.2As4S4
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Idaite2.9.14.1Cu5FeS6
Lenaite2.9.1.5AgFeS2
Putoranite2.9.7.1Cu1.1Fe1.2S2
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Carrollite2.10.1.2Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Daubréelite2.10.1.11Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Linnaeite2.10.1.1Co2+Co3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Kashinite2.11.12.2(Ir,Rh)2S3
Metastibnite2.11.3.1Sb2S3
Orpiment2.11.1.1As2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
Tetradymite2.11.7.1Bi2Te2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Cattierite2.12.1.3CoS2
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Erlichmanite2.12.1.16OsS2
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Gudmundite2.12.4.2FeSbS
Irarsite2.12.3.7(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Laurite2.12.1.10RuS2
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Oxysulfides
Kermesite2.13.1.1Sb2S2O
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Valleriite2.14.1.1(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Miscellaneous
Betekhtinite2.16.8.1(Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Maucherite2.16.16.1Ni11As8
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Billingsleyite3.1.6.1Ag7AsS6
Polybasite3.1.7.2[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
Luzonite3.2.2.1Cu3AsS4
Stephanite3.2.4.1Ag5SbS4
3 <ø < 4
Freibergite3.3.6.3Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Geocronite3.3.1.2Pb14(Sb,As)6S23
Heyrovskýite3.3.3.1Pb6Bi2S9
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Aikinite3.4.5.1PbCuBiS3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
'Bursaite'3.4.15.2Pb5Bi4S11 (?)
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
Wittichenite3.4.8.1Cu3BiS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
ø = 2
Emplectite3.7.5.2CuBiS2
Matildite3.7.1.1AgBiS2
1 < ø < 2
Zinkenite3.8.1.1Pb9Sb22S42
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
Wüstite4.2.1.6FeO
A2X3
Bixbyite4.3.7.2Mn3+2O3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Maghemite4.3.7.1Fe3+2O3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
Valentinite4.3.11.1Sb2O3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Cervantite4.4.16.1Sb3+Sb5+O4
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Thorianite5.1.1.2ThO2
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Böhmite6.1.2.1AlO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
X(OH)3
Schoenfliesite6.3.6.2Mg[Sn(OH)6]
Miscellaneous
Asbolane6.4.9.1(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Hausmannite7.2.7.1Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Jacobsite7.2.2.2Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Magnesiochromite7.2.3.1MgCr2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
(AB)2X3
Braunite7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
AB3X7
Chalcophanite7.8.2.1(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AB8X16
Coronadite7.9.1.4Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Romanèchite7.9.2.1(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
AB4X9
Ranciéite7.10.1.1(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 13 - ACID CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Nahcolite13.1.1.1NaHCO3
Nesquehonite13.1.5.1MgCO3 · 3H2O
Trona13.1.4.1Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Kutnohorite14.2.1.3CaMn2+(CO3)2
Miscellaneous
Huntite14.4.3.1CaMg3(CO3)4
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)·xH2O
Thermonatrite15.1.1.1Na2CO3 · H2O
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p > 1:1
Pirssonite15.2.1.1Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 2H2O
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Liebigite (TL)15.3.2.1Ca2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 11H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Artinite16b.3.1.1Mg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2O
Defernite (TL)16b.4.2.1Ca6(CO3)2-x(SiO4)x(OH)7(Cl,OH)1-2x (x<0.5)
Hydrotalcite16b.6.2.1Mg6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Pyroaurite16b.6.2.3Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Hydromagnesite16b.7.1.1Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Triborates
Howlite25.3.5.1Ca2B5SiO9(OH)5
Pentaborates
Priceite25.5.1.1Ca2B5O7(OH)5 · H2O
Group 26 - HYDRATED BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Triborates
Colemanite26.3.5.1Ca[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
Hydroboracite26.3.6.1CaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
Hydrochlorborite26.3.4.1Ca4B8O15Cl2 · 21H2O
Inderborite26.3.1.2CaMg(H3B3O7)2 · 8H2O
Inderite26.3.1.3MgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Inyoite26.3.1.1Ca(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
Kurnakovite26.3.3.1MgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Meyerhofferite26.3.2.1Ca2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2O
Tetraborates
Borax26.4.1.1Na2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Kernite26.4.5.1Na2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
Tincalconite26.4.2.1Na2(B4O7) · 5H2O
Pentaborates
Kaliborite26.5.13.1KMg2H[B6O8(OH)5]2(H2O)4
Probertite26.5.12.1NaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O