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Sunda Platei
Regional Level Types
Sunda PlateTectonic Plate

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Key
04291870015219255645061.jpg
An Indonesian sulphur miner with his 90-kg-load of sulphur

Kawah Ijen, Java, Indonesia
00845720015712449914276.jpg
View of the quarry, the site of the Anhydrite nodules

Đa Bac crater quarry, Đa Bac, Ba Ria-Vung Tau Province, Vietnam
00483080015219254678962.jpg
An Indonesian sulphur miner with his 90-kg-load of sulphur

Kawah Ijen, Java, Indonesia
04089430014946658798076.jpg
View of the quarry, the site of the Anhydrite nodules

Đa Bac crater quarry, Đa Bac, Ba Ria-Vung Tau Province, Vietnam
04291870015219255645061.jpg
An Indonesian sulphur miner with his 90-kg-load of sulphur

Kawah Ijen, Java, Indonesia
01721920014948355354673.jpg
View of the quarry, the site of the Anhydrite nodules

Đa Bac crater quarry, Đa Bac, Ba Ria-Vung Tau Province, Vietnam
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Jakarta8,540,121 (2018)
Bangkok5,104,476 (2017)
Singapore3,547,809 (2016)
Ho Chi Minh City3,467,331 (2018)
Quezon City2,761,720 (2017)
Surabaya2,374,658 (2014)
Museums in region:


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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

331 valid minerals. 10 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Actinolite var: Smaragdite
Formula: Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: South-East Asian Oil, Gas, Coal, and Mineral Deposits, C. Hutchison,1996
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Symonds, R. (1993): Scanning electron microscope observations of Merapi Volcano, Indonesia. Geochemical Journal: 26: 337-350
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Lacombe, P. (1969). Le massif basaltique quaternaire à zircons-gemmes de Ratanakiri (Cambodge Nord-oriental). Bull. Bur. Rech. Géol. Min., 3(1969), 31-91. Barr, S. M., & MacDonald, A. S. (1981). Geochemistry and geochronology of late Cenozoic basalts of Southeast Asia. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 92(8_Part_II), 1069-1142. Carbonnel, J. P., Duplaix, S., & Selo, M. (1972). La méthode des traces de fission de l’U apliquée á la géochronologic. Datation du magmatisme récente de I’Asie du Sud-Est. Rev. Géogr. Phys. Geolo. Dyn, 14, 29-46.
Aerinite
Formula: (Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Reference: Syed Hasan, S., Mohd Kusin, F., Jusop, S., & Mohamat Yusuff, F. (2018). Potential of Soil, Sludge and Sediment for Mineral Carbonation Process in Selinsing Gold Mine, Malaysia. Minerals, 8(6), 257.
'Agalmatolite'
Aguilarite
Formula: Ag4SeS
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
'Alkali Feldspar'
Reference: Khamloet, P., Pisutha-Arnond, V., Sutthirat, S. (2014): Mineral inclusions in sapphire from the basalt-related deposit in Bo Phloi, (Kanchanaburi, western Thailand): indication of their genesis. Geologiya i Geofizika 55, 1374-1391 (in Russian).
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: Michael J. Stott specimens
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
'Almandine-Pyrope Series'
Reference: Khamloet, P., Pisutha-Arnond, V., Sutthirat, S. (2014): Mineral inclusions in sapphire from the basalt-related deposit in Bo Phloi, (Kanchanaburi, western Thailand): indication of their genesis. Geologiya i Geofizika 55, 1374-1391 (in Russian).
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
'Alumotungstite'
Formula: 2W2O6(H2O)
Reference: Bernard & Hyrsl (2004) Minerals and their Localities. (Granit, Prague)
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Reference: Imants Kavalieros (1994) Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 50, 479-491.
'Amber'
Reference: Szwedo, J. (2002). Amber and amber inclusions of planthoppers, leafhoppers and their relatives (Hemiptera, Archaeorrhyncha et Clypaeorrhyncha). Zikaden. Leafhoppers, planthoppers and cicadas (Insecta: Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha). Denisia, 4, 37-56.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Ángelaite
Formula: Cu2AgPbBiS4
Reference: Nur, I., Idrus, A., Pramumijoyo, S., Harijoko, A., Watanabe, K., Imai, A., ... & Irfan, U. R. (2012). Elemental Mass Balance of the Hydrothermal Alteration Associated with the Baturappe Epithermal Silver-Base Metal Prospect, South Sulawesi, Indonesia.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Anilite
Formula: Cu7S4
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 41, pp. 185-200 (2003)
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Anorthite var: Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Abdurrachman, Mirzam and Yamomota, Masatsugu (2012) Geochemical variation of Quaternery volcanic rocks in Papandayan area, West Java, Indonesia :A role of crustal component :Journal og the Geological Society of Thailand
Anorthite var: Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Khoo,K.K (1978) Serpentite Occurrence at Telok Mas,Malacca . Warta Geologi V,4 No.1 Jan -Feb 1978
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
'Apatite var: Collophane'
Aphthitalite
Formula: (K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Ardealite
Formula: Ca2(HPO4)(SO4) · 4H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine (1983): 47: 79-80.
Arsenic
Formula: As
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
'Arsenpolybasite'
Reference: Kieft, C. & Oen, I. S. (1973): Ore minerals in the telluride-​bearing gold-​silver ores of Salida, Indonesia, with special reference to the distribution of selenium. Mineralium Deposita 8, 312-320.
'Auerlite'
Formula: near Th(Si,P)O4
Reference: http://amdis.bgl.esdm.go.id/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=55:classification-of-tin-bearing-pegmatites-in-phuket&catid=2:mineral-article
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Augite var: Fassaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Reference: Bischoff, A. & Keil, K. (1983) Ca-Al Chondrules and Inclusions in Ordinary Chondrites Evidence for a Related Genesis of Ordinary and Carbonaceous Chondrites (abstract): Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XIV: 47-48. (March 1983).
'Aurobismuthinite'
Reference: Vasiliev V.I., Borisenko A.S., Mortsev N.K., Khoa C.C., Fyong N.T. (2011) Jonassonite (AuBi5S4) from the Dakripen gold deposit in Vietnam // Geology of Ore Deposits, 2011.- 53.- 7.- 614-619.- ISSN 1075-7015.
Aurostibite
Formula: AuSb2
Reference: Wolfram Dieter Schuh (1993) Geology, Geochemistry, And Ore Deposits Of The Bau Gold Mining District, Sarawak, Malaysia. PhD Thesis University of Arizona.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
'Ballas'
Reference: White, L. T., Graham, I., Tanner, D., Hall, R., Armstrong, R. A., Yaxley, G., ... & van Leeuwen, T. M. (2016). The provenance of Borneo's enigmatic alluvial diamonds: A case study from Cempaka, SE Kalimantan. Gondwana Research, 38, 251-272.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Bayerite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Berlinite
Formula: AlPO4
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Reference: http://www.turnstone.ca/berthier.htm
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Reference: Colored Stone Magazine, Nov.-Dec. 2005, “World Mining Report” by Austin, Beard, Elmoroe, Woudenberg, Zbrowski.
Berzelianite
Formula: Cu2Se
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Reference: Milési, J.P., Marcoux, E., Sitorus, T., Simandjuntak, M., Leroy, J., and Bailly, L. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 131-149.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Böhmite ?
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (1993) Atlas of Mineral Resources for the Escap Region Cambodia Vol 10 UN.
Boracite
Formula: Mg3(B7O13)Cl
Reference: GAO, X., CAI, K. Q., LI, D. R., PENG, Q., FANG, Q. F., & QIN, H. (2012). Mineralogical and geochemical characteristics and genesis of the potassium-magnesium salt deposit in Khammouan Province, Laos [J]. Acta Petrologica Et Mineralogica, 4, 011.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Bowieite
Formula: (Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
Reference: Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., & Weiser, T. W. (2017). Detrital Platinum-Group Minerals and Gold In Placers of Southeastern Samar Island, Philippines. The Canadian Mineralogist, 55(1), 45-62.
Brannerite
Formula: UTi2O6
Reference: http://amdis.bgl.esdm.go.id/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=55:classification-of-tin-bearing-pegmatites-in-phuket&catid=2:mineral-article
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Reference: Econ Geol. (1992) 87:76-98
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Brushite
Formula: Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine (1983): 47: 79-80.
'Calcic plagioclase'
Reference: Fournelle, J., Carmody, R., & Daag, A. S. (1996). Anhydrite-bearing pumices from the June 15, 1991, eruption of Mount Pinatubo: geochemistry, mineralogy, and petrology. Fire and Mud: Eruptions and Lahars of Mount Pinatubo, Philippines, 845-862.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 69 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Ferroan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Fe)CO3
Reference: Dill, H.G., Melcher, F., and Botz, R. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 242-262.
Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Reference: Milési, J.P., Marcoux, E., Sitorus, T., Simandjuntak, M., Leroy, J., and Bailly, L. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 131-149.
Canfieldite
Formula: Ag8SnS6
Carminite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Marco P. Sacchi (2017). The Guatomo ("Hat Yai") mine near Tham Thalu, Bannang Sata District, Yala Province, Thailand. The Mineralogical Record, 48 (6), 731-749.
Carnallite
Formula: KMgCl3 · 6H2O
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 58 localities in this region.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Cesàrolite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
Reference: Marco P. Sacchi (2017). The Guatomo ("Hat Yai") mine near Tham Thalu, Bannang Sata District, Yala Province, Thailand. The Mineralogical Record, 48 (6), 731-749.
'Chabazite'
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Chalcocyanite
Formula: CuSO4
Reference: Symonds, R. (1993): Scanning electron microscope observations of Merapi Volcano, Indonesia. Geochemical Journal: 26: 337-350
Chalcophanite
Formula: ZnMn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Reference: Nur, I., Idrus, A., Pramumijoyo, S., Harijoko, A., Watanabe, K., Imai, A., ... & Irfan, U. R. (2012). Elemental Mass Balance of the Hydrothermal Alteration Associated with the Baturappe Epithermal Silver-Base Metal Prospect, South Sulawesi, Indonesia.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 122 localities in this region.
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Van Schmuss, W.R. & Ribbe, P.H. (1963) Composition of phosphate minerals in ordinary chondrites: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 33 (5): 637-640.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 67 localities in this region.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Clays'
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinochlore var: Chromian Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
'Clinoptilolite'
Reference: Olegario-Sanchez, E., Felizco, J. C., & Mulimbayan, F. (2017, December). Investigation of the thermal behavior of Philippine natural zeolites. In AIP Conference Proceedings (Vol. 1901, No. 1, p. 070005). AIP Publishing.
Clinoptilolite-Na
Formula: Na6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Reference: Olegario-Sanchez, E., Felizco, J. C., & Mulimbayan, F. (2017, December). Investigation of the thermal behavior of Philippine natural zeolites. In AIP Conference Proceedings (Vol. 1901, No. 1, p. 070005). AIP Publishing.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup var: Subcalcic ferroaugite'
Reference: Fournelle, J., Carmody, R., & Daag, A. S. (1996). Anhydrite-bearing pumices from the June 15, 1991, eruption of Mount Pinatubo: geochemistry, mineralogy, and petrology. Fire and Mud: Eruptions and Lahars of Mount Pinatubo, Philippines, 845-862.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Charusiri, B., & Charusiri, P. (1990) Geology and Sn-mineralization at Pinyok Mine Yala, Southern Thailand.
Cochromite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)(Cr,Al)2O4
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy: http://www.handbookofmineralogy.com/pdfs/cochromite.pdf
Cohenite
Formula: Fe3C
Reference: Taylor, G. J., Okada, A., Scott, E. R. D., Rubin, A. E., Huss, G. R., & Keil, K. (1981) The Occurrence and Implications of Carbide-Magnetite Assemblages in Unequilibrated Ordinary Chondrites (abstract): Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XII: pp. 1076-1078. (March 1981).
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Reference: Teh, G.H. (1981) The Tekka tin deposit, Perak, Peninsular Malaysia. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 14, 101-118.
Colusite
Formula: Cu13VAs3S16
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Cooperite
Formula: PtS
Reference: Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., & Weiser, T. W. (2017). Detrital Platinum-Group Minerals and Gold In Placers of Southeastern Samar Island, Philippines. The Canadian Mineralogist, 55(1), 45-62.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Oliver, G., Zaw, K., Hotson, M., Meffre, S., & Manka, T. (2014). U–Pb zircon geochronology of Early Permian to Late Triassic rocks from Singapore and Johor: A plate tectonic reinterpretation. Gondwana Research, 26(1), 132-143.
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Nur, I., Idrus, A., Pramumijoyo, S., Harijoko, A., Watanabe, K., Imai, A., ... & Irfan, U. R. (2012). Elemental Mass Balance of the Hydrothermal Alteration Associated with the Baturappe Epithermal Silver-Base Metal Prospect, South Sulawesi, Indonesia.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
Corundum var: Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Corundum var: Star Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: http://www.mindat.org/article.php/262/Henry+Louis%3A+Ruby+and+Sapphire+Deposits+of+Moung+Klung+%28Thailand%29 O'Neil, P. (1983) Planet Earth - Gemstones. Time-Life Books, Arlington, Virginia, USA, 176 pages.
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Fournelle, J., Carmody, R., & Daag, A. S. (1996). Anhydrite-bearing pumices from the June 15, 1991, eruption of Mount Pinatubo: geochemistry, mineralogy, and petrology. Fire and Mud: Eruptions and Lahars of Mount Pinatubo, Philippines, 845-862.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Cuprobismutite
Formula: Cu8AgBi13S24
Reference: Nur, I., Idrus, A., Pramumijoyo, S., Harijoko, A., Watanabe, K., Imai, A., ... & Irfan, U. R. (2012). Elemental Mass Balance of the Hydrothermal Alteration Associated with the Baturappe Epithermal Silver-Base Metal Prospect, South Sulawesi, Indonesia.
Cuproiridsite
Formula: (Cu,Fe)Ir2S4
Reference: Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., & Weiser, T. W. (2017). Detrital Platinum-Group Minerals and Gold In Placers of Southeastern Samar Island, Philippines. The Canadian Mineralogist, 55(1), 45-62.
Cupropolybasite
Formula: [Cu6Sb2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Reference: Nur, I., Idrus, A., Pramumijoyo, S., Harijoko, A., Watanabe, K., Imai, A., ... & Irfan, U. R. (2012). Elemental Mass Balance of the Hydrothermal Alteration Associated with the Baturappe Epithermal Silver-Base Metal Prospect, South Sulawesi, Indonesia.
Daubréelite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Reference: Nazarov, M. A., Brandstaetter, F. & Kurat, G. (1999) Phosphorian Sulfides from Banten and Boriskino CM Chondrites: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXX, abstract no. 1260. (Mar 1999)
Diamond
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Dravite-Schorl Series'
Description: Excess Al and deficiency in alkali contents.
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1993, 5, pp. 721-736.
Edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Fournelle, J., Carmody, R., & Daag, A. S. (1996). Anhydrite-bearing pumices from the June 15, 1991, eruption of Mount Pinatubo: geochemistry, mineralogy, and petrology. Fire and Mud: Eruptions and Lahars of Mount Pinatubo, Philippines, 845-862.
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Enstatite var: Bronzite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Reference: Fournelle, J., Carmody, R., & Daag, A. S. (1996). Anhydrite-bearing pumices from the June 15, 1991, eruption of Mount Pinatubo: geochemistry, mineralogy, and petrology. Fire and Mud: Eruptions and Lahars of Mount Pinatubo, Philippines, 845-862.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 49 localities in this region.
Erlichmanite
Formula: OsS2
Eskolaite
Formula: Cr2O3
Description: As very small inclusions
Reference: Nazarov, M. A., Brandstaetter, F. & Kurat, G. (1999) Phosphorian Sulfides from Banten and Boriskino CM Chondrites: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXX, abstract no. 1260. (Mar 1999)
Famatinite
Formula: Cu3SbS4
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: Econ Geol (1977) 72:745-752
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group'
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1993, 5, pp. 721-736.
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
'Fergusonite'
Reference: http://amdis.bgl.esdm.go.id/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=55:classification-of-tin-bearing-pegmatites-in-phuket&catid=2:mineral-article
Feruvite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Hoe, T.G., Loon, H.W. (2003) EPMA study of heavy minerals in the Tekka area, Pera. Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 46, 263-269.
Fluoborite
Formula: Mg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 370.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorapatite var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Reference: Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (1993) Atlas of Mineral Resources for the Escap Region Cambodia Vol 10 UN.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Forsterite var: Peridot
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Freieslebenite
Formula: AgPbSbS3
Reference: Nur, I., Idrus, A., Pramumijoyo, S., Harijoko, A., Watanabe, K., Imai, A., ... & Irfan, U. R. (2012). Elemental Mass Balance of the Hydrothermal Alteration Associated with the Baturappe Epithermal Silver-Base Metal Prospect, South Sulawesi, Indonesia.
Galaxite
Formula: Mn2+Al2O4
Reference: RRUFF Specimen ID: R120116
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 84 localities in this region.
Galenobismutite ?
Formula: PbBi2S4
Reference: Symonds, R. (1993): Scanning electron microscope observations of Merapi Volcano, Indonesia. Geochemical Journal: 26: 337-350
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
'Garnierite'
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Glass'
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 116 localities in this region.
Gold var: Mercurian Gold
Formula: (Au,Hg)
Reference: Shaofeng Huang (2011): Geology and Exploration 47(5), 935-942
'Goldamalgam (of Chen et al.)'
Formula: (Au,Ag)Hg
Reference: Shaofeng Huang (2011): Geology and Exploration 47(5), 935-942
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Dinh, Hien & Gieré, Reto. (2016). Lithium-rich albite-topaz-lepidolite granite from Central Vietnam: A mineralogical and geochemical characterization. European Journal of Mineralogy. 28. 10.1127/ejm/2017/0029-2581.
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Halloysite-7Å
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Milési, J.P., Marcoux, E., Sitorus, T., Simandjuntak, M., Leroy, J., and Bailly, L. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 131-149.
Hannayite
Formula: (NH4)2Mg3H4(PO4)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine (1983): 47: 79-80.
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Reference: Econ Geol. (1992) 87:76-98
Haxonite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)23C6
Reference: Taylor, G. J., Okada, A., Scott, E. R. D., Rubin, A. E., Huss, G. R., & Keil, K. (1981) The Occurrence and Implications of Carbide-Magnetite Assemblages in Unequilibrated Ordinary Chondrites (abstract): Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XII: pp. 1076-1078. (March 1981).
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine; April 2004; v. 68; no. 2; p. 353-368
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Helvine
Formula: Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Reference: Moh, G. H. (1982): Applied experimental ore petrology. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen 144, 291-342.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 61 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Lianshun Feng (1996): Geology and Prospecting 32(1), 22-26
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Hercynite var: Picotite
Formula: (Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Herderite
Formula: CaBePO4(F,OH)
Reference: Dinh, Hien & Gieré, Reto. (2016). Lithium-rich albite-topaz-lepidolite granite from Central Vietnam: A mineralogical and geochemical characterization. European Journal of Mineralogy. 28. 10.1127/ejm/2017/0029-2581.
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Heulandite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Reference: Olegario-Sanchez, E., Felizco, J. C., & Mulimbayan, F. (2017, December). Investigation of the thermal behavior of Philippine natural zeolites. In AIP Conference Proceedings (Vol. 1901, No. 1, p. 070005). AIP Publishing.
'Heulandite subgroup'
Reference: Econ Geol (1984) 79:671-695
Hongshiite
Formula: PtCu
Reference: Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., & Weiser, T. W. (2017). Detrital Platinum-Group Minerals and Gold In Placers of Southeastern Samar Island, Philippines. The Canadian Mineralogist, 55(1), 45-62.
'Hornblende'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Hübnerite ?
Formula: MnWO4
Reference: Alfredo Petrov specimens (not analysed, but reddish brown streak indicates probable hubnerite).
Hydrocerussite
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Hattori, K. H., Cabri, L. J., Johanson, B., & Zientek, M. L. (2004). Origin of placer laurite from Borneo: Se and As contents, and S isotopic compositions. Mineralogical Magazine, 68(2), 353-368.
'Hydrogoethite'
Formula: 3Fe2O3·4H2O
Reference: Lianshun Feng (1996): Geology and Prospecting 32(1), 22-26
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: Gunnar Färber
Hydroxylapatite var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Reference: Gunnar Färber
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Reference: Abdurrachman, Mirzam and Yamomota, Masatsugu (2012) Geochemical variation of Quaternery volcanic rocks in Papandayan area, West Java, Indonesia :A role of crustal component :Journal og the Geological Society of Thailand
Idaite
Formula: Cu5FeS6
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Ikunolite
Formula: Bi4(S,Se)3
Reference: Vasiliev V.I., Borisenko A.S., Mortsev N.K., Khoa C.C., Fyong N.T. (2011) Jonassonite (AuBi5S4) from the Dakripen gold deposit in Vietnam // Geology of Ore Deposits, 2011.- 53.- 7.- 614-619.- ISSN 1075-7015.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
Ilmenite var: Manganoan Ilmenite
Formula: (Fe,Mn)2+TiO3
Reference: Khamloet, P., Pisutha-Arnond, V., Sutthirat, S. (2014): Mineral inclusions in sapphire from the basalt-related deposit in Bo Phloi, (Kanchanaburi, western Thailand): indication of their genesis. Geologiya i Geofizika 55, 1374-1391 (in Russian).
Ilsemannite
Formula: Mo3O8 · nH2O
Inesite
Formula: Ca2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
Iodargyrite
Formula: AgI
Reference: Nur, I., Idrus, A., Pramumijoyo, S., Harijoko, A., Watanabe, K., Imai, A., ... & Irfan, U. R. (2012). Elemental Mass Balance of the Hydrothermal Alteration Associated with the Baturappe Epithermal Silver-Base Metal Prospect, South Sulawesi, Indonesia.
Irarsite
Formula: (Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Reference: Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., & Weiser, T. W. (2017). Detrital Platinum-Group Minerals and Gold In Placers of Southeastern Samar Island, Philippines. The Canadian Mineralogist, 55(1), 45-62.
Iridium
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Iridium var: Osmiridium
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Iron
Formula: Fe
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Isocubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Isoferroplatinum
Formula: Pt3Fe
Reference: Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., & Weiser, T. W. (2017). Detrital Platinum-Group Minerals and Gold In Placers of Southeastern Samar Island, Philippines. The Canadian Mineralogist, 55(1), 45-62.
Ixiolite
Formula: (Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Ixiolite var: Wolframoixiolite
Formula: (Nb,W,Ta,Fe,Mn,Nb)2O4
Description: Inclusions in cassiterite.
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1993, 5, pp. 721-736.
Jalpaite
Formula: Ag3CuS2
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Johannsenite
Formula: CaMn2+Si2O6
Reference: A.S. Subandrio, N.I. Basuki (2010) Alteration and Vein Textures Associated with Gold Mineralization at the Bunikasih Area, Pangalengan, West Java. Jurnal Geologi Indonesia, Vol. 5 No. 4 Desember 2010: 247-261
Jonassonite
Formula: AuBi5S4
Reference: Vasiliev V.I., Borisenko A.S., Mortsev N.K., Khoa C.C., Fyong N.T. (2011) Jonassonite (AuBi5S4) from the Dakripen gold deposit in Vietnam // Geology of Ore Deposits, 2011.- 53.- 7.- 614-619.- ISSN 1075-7015.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 71 localities in this region.
Kashinite
Formula: (Ir,Rh)2S3
Reference: Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., & Weiser, T. W. (2017). Detrital Platinum-Group Minerals and Gold In Placers of Southeastern Samar Island, Philippines. The Canadian Mineralogist, 55(1), 45-62.
Kësterite
Formula: Cu2ZnSnS4
Reference: Moh, G. H. (1982): Applied experimental ore petrology. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen 144, 291-342.
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Kobellite
Formula: Pb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Reference: Teh, G.H. (1981) The Tekka tin deposit, Perak, Peninsular Malaysia. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 14, 101-118.
Kutnohorite
Formula: CaMn2+(CO3)2
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Launayite
Formula: CuPb10(Sb,As)12S20
Reference: Nur, I., Idrus, A., Pramumijoyo, S., Harijoko, A., Watanabe, K., Imai, A., ... & Irfan, U. R. (2012). Elemental Mass Balance of the Hydrothermal Alteration Associated with the Baturappe Epithermal Silver-Base Metal Prospect, South Sulawesi, Indonesia.
Laurite (TL)
Formula: RuS2
Description: Pt-bearing sands.
Reference: Nachr.Ges.Wissensch. Göttingen (1866) 155-160; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Deans, T., & Phillips, R. (1983). The chemistry, reflectance, and cell size of the erlichmanite (OsS2)-laurite (RuSO series. Mineralogical Magazine, 47, 465-71.; Coggon, J. (2010). Application of the 190Pt-186Os isotope decay system to dating platinum-group minerals (Doctoral dissertation, Durham University).; Bowles, J. F. W., Atkin, D., Lambert, J. L. M., Deans, T., & Phillips, R. (1983). The chemistry, reflectance, and cell size of the erlichmanite (OsS2)–laurite (RuS2) series. Mineralogical Magazine, 47(345), 465-471.
Lawrencite
Formula: (Fe2+,Ni)Cl2
Description: One of a number of weathering products found in abundance. However, lawrencite continues to corrode even in relatively dry conditions.
Reference: Hill Jr., L. C. (1974) Bondoc: An Unusual Brecciated Meteorite. Master's Thesis: Arizona State University. 109 pages.
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Zhigang Wang (2010): Geology and Exploration 46(2), 361-366
'Lepidolite'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Leucophosphite
Formula: KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine (1983): 47: 79-80.
'Leucoxene'
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Michael Stott
Lillianite
Formula: Pb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Reference: Econ Geol (1994) 89:227-245; Marcoux, E., Milesi, J. P., Sohearto, S., & Rinawan, R. (1993). Noteworthy mineralogy of the Au-Ag-Sn-W (Bi) epithermal ore deposit of Cirotan, West Java, Indonesia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 31(3), 727-744.; Yuningsih, E. T., Matsueda, H., & Rosana, M. F. (2014). Epithermal Gold-Silver Deposits in Western Java, Indonesia: Gold-Silver Selenide-Telluride Mineralization. Indonesian Journal on Geoscience, 1(2), 71-81.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Martin Števko-unpublished, PXRD confirmed
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Reference: Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., & Weiser, T. W. (2017). Detrital Platinum-Group Minerals and Gold In Placers of Southeastern Samar Island, Philippines. The Canadian Mineralogist, 55(1), 45-62.
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: Teh, G.H. (1981) The Tekka tin deposit, Perak, Peninsular Malaysia. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 14, 101-118.
Luzonite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Magnesiochromite
Formula: MgCr2O4
Description: (Originally labelled "chromite", but analysis clearly yields magnesiochromite.
Reference: Alfredo Petrov specimens and analysis.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 74 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 39 localities in this region.
Malayaite (TL)
Formula: CaSn(SiO4)O
Reference: [Mineralogical Magazine(1965) 35, 622-627; Nickel & Nichols, 1991 - "Mineral Reference Manual", p127]
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: Yeheng Liang, Xiaoming Sun, Wei Zhai, Aiju Li, Li Xu, Qian Tang, and Jinlong Liang (2009): Geology and Exploration 45(1), 41-45
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Massicot
Formula: PbO
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 41, pp. 185-200 (2003); Yuningsih, E. T., Matsueda, H., & Rosana, M. F. (2014). Epithermal Gold-Silver Deposits in Western Java, Indonesia: Gold-Silver Selenide-Telluride Mineralization. Indonesian Journal on Geoscience, 1(2), 71-81.
Matildite
Formula: AgBiS2
Reference: Hoe, T.G., Loon, H.W. (2003) EPMA study of heavy minerals in the Tekka area, Pera. Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 46, 263-269.
Mckinstryite
Formula: Ag5-xCu3+xS4
'Melnikovite'
Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Reference: Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., & Weiser, T. W. (2017). Detrital Platinum-Group Minerals and Gold In Placers of Southeastern Samar Island, Philippines. The Canadian Mineralogist, 55(1), 45-62.
Mercury
Formula: Hg
Merrillite
Formula: Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Mesolite ?
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Reference: Hansen, B. (2005) Brev fra leserne: Thailandhilsen med stein. Stein 32 (1): 13-15
Metacinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Yajima, S. (1960). Metacinnabar from Sarawak and Japan, with Reference to Its Stability Relations to Cinnabar. Mineralogical Journal, 3(1), 9-18.
Meymacite
Formula: WO3 · 2H2O
Reference: Gunnar Färber
'Mica Group'
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mimetite var: Campylite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Marco P. Sacchi (2017). The Guatomo ("Hat Yai") mine near Tham Thalu, Bannang Sata District, Yala Province, Thailand. The Mineralogical Record, 48 (6), 731-749.
Mitridatite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Reference: PXRD by John Attard, May 2014, on specimens collected by Herschel Ward.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 48 localities in this region.
'Molybdenum'
Formula: Mo
Reference: Setiawan I, Takahashi R, Imai A (2014) Hydrothermal alteration and base metal-REE mineralization in granitoids at Panyabungan and its surroundings of North Sumatra, Indonesia. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association.
'Monazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Filina, M.I., Sorokina, E.S., Botcharnikov, R., Karampelas, S., Rassomakhin, M.A., Kononkova, N.N., Nikolaev, A.G., Berndt, J., Hofmeister, W. (2019) Corundum Anorthosites-Kyshtymites from the South Urals, Russia: A Combined Mineralogical, Geochemical, and U-Pb Zircon Geochronological Study. Minerals, 9(4), 234.
Monetite
Formula: Ca(HPO4)
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine (1983): 47: 79-80.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Mordenite
Formula: (Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Reference: Olegario-Sanchez, E., Felizco, J. C., & Mulimbayan, F. (2017, December). Investigation of the thermal behavior of Philippine natural zeolites. In AIP Conference Proceedings (Vol. 1901, No. 1, p. 070005). AIP Publishing.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 87 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Phengite
Formula: KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1993, 5, pp. 721-736.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 50 localities in this region.
Natroalunite
Formula: NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: "Mario Lazzerini Denchi" Collection
Naumannite
Formula: Ag2Se
Neotocite
Formula: (Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Newberyite
Formula: Mg(HPO4) · 3H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine (1983): 47: 79-80.
Niahite (TL)
Formula: (NH4)(Mn2+,Mg)(PO4) · H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine (1983): 47: 79-80.
Niter
Formula: KNO3
Nordstrandite (TL)
Formula: Al(OH)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Wall J R D, Wolfenden E B, Beard E H, Deams T (1962) Nordstrandite in soil from West Sarawak, Borneo, Nature, 196, 264-265
Nsutite
Formula: (Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Reference: Zwicker, W.K. et al (1962) Nsutite - a widespread manganese oxide mineral. American Mineralogist, 47, 246-266.
'Oligoclase-Andesine'
Reference: Barr, S. M., & James, D. E. (1990). Trace element characteristics of Upper Cenozoic basaltic rocks of Thailand, Kampuchea and Vietnam. Journal of Southeast Asian Earth Sciences, 4(3), 233-242. Barr, S. M., & MacDonald, A. S. (1981). Geochemistry and geochronology of late Cenozoic basalts of Southeast Asia. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 92(8_Part_II), 1069-1142.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Opal var: Black Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Sun, T. T., Mok, P. C., Paul, S. L., Paramita, M., Arps, C. E., Atichat, W., ... & Wijaya, K. (2008). Precious Opal from Java (Gemmological properties, micro-and nano-structures) Date: 10-05-2008.
Opal var: Fire Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Locality: Java, Indonesia
Reference: Sujatmiko, Dr H. C. Einfalt, Dr U. Henn (2007) Opal from Java, Indonesia and Its Varieties. http://www.hagi.or.id/paper/opal-from-java-indonesia-and-its-varieties/
Opal var: Hyalite
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Locality: Java, Indonesia
Reference: Sujatmiko, Dr H. C. Einfalt, Dr U. Henn (2007) Opal from Java, Indonesia and Its Varieties. http://www.hagi.or.id/paper/opal-from-java-indonesia-and-its-varieties/
Opal var: Jelly Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Sun, T. T., Mok, P. C., Paul, S. L., Paramita, M., Arps, C. E., Atichat, W., ... & Wijaya, K. (2008). Precious Opal from Java (Gemmological properties, micro-and nano-structures) Date: 10-05-2008.
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Opal-Agate
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Colour: colorless, white, earth tones, black
Fluorescence: Green (SW UV)
Description: Occurs as pebbles weathered from veins. Displays fine banding exactly like banded agate.
Reference: C. Lemanski, Jr. (visited, collected & photographed).
Opal var: Opal-CT
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Mazot, A., Bernard, A., Sutawidjaja, I.S. (2007) Hydrothermal system of the Papandayan Volcano, West Java, Indonesia and its geochemistry evolution of thermal water after the November 2002 eruption. Jurnal Geologi Indonesia, 2:1, 15-29.
Opal var: Precious Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Wood Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Colour: White, brown, tan, black
Fluorescence: Green (SW UV).
Description: Occurs replacing wood in smaller logs and as rinds of opalized wood around larger petrified logs.
Reference: C. Lemanski, Jr. (visited, collected & photographed).
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Osmium
Formula: (Os,Ir,Ru)
'Oxyallanite'
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(O) (?)
Description: (First report of natural oxyallanite; previous studies had been done on artificially heated allanites.)
Reference: Mihoko Hoshino, et al (2009) JAKOKA: 2009 Annual Meeting of the Japan Association of Mineralogical Sciences, R3-08; Mihoko Hoshino (2008): "First Report on Natural Oxyallanite: Oxidation and Dehydration During Welding of Volcanic Tuff". Poster, 21st General Assembly and Congress of the International Union of Crystallography, Osaka, Japan, August 23-31, 2008
Palmierite ?
Formula: (K,Na)2Pb(SO4)2
Reference: Symonds, R. (1993): Scanning electron microscope observations of Merapi Volcano, Indonesia. Geochemical Journal: 26: 337-350
Paragonite
Formula: NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Idrus, A., Kolb, J., & Meyer, F. M. (2009). Mineralogy, Lithogeochemistry and Elemental Mass Balance of the Hydrothermal Alteration Associated with the Gold‐rich Batu Hijau Porphyry Copper Deposit, Sumbawa Island, Indonesia. Resource geology, 59(3), 215-230.
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Fournelle, J., Carmody, R., & Daag, A. S. (1996). Anhydrite-bearing pumices from the June 15, 1991, eruption of Mount Pinatubo: geochemistry, mineralogy, and petrology. Fire and Mud: Eruptions and Lahars of Mount Pinatubo, Philippines, 845-862.
Parsettensite
Formula: (K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 38: 1125-1136 (2000); Marcoux, E., Milesi, J. P., Sohearto, S., & Rinawan, R. (1993). Noteworthy mineralogy of the Au-Ag-Sn-W (Bi) epithermal ore deposit of Cirotan, West Java, Indonesia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 31(3), 727-744.
Pearceite
Formula: [Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
'Pearceite-T2ac'
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
'Petrified Wood'
Petzite
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Pharmacolite
Formula: Ca(HAsO4) · 2H2O
Reference: Breward, N., & Williams, M. (1994). Preliminary Apparaisal of the Environmental Geochemistry of the Bau Mining Area, Sarawak, Malaysia. British Geological Survey.
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Reference: Schwartz, M. O. (1990). The strata-bound tin deposit Nam Salu, Kelapa Kampit, Indonesia. Economic Geology, 85(1), 76-98.
Philipsbornite
Formula: PbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Marco P. Sacchi (2017). The Guatomo ("Hat Yai") mine near Tham Thalu, Bannang Sata District, Yala Province, Thailand. The Mineralogical Record, 48 (6), 731-749.; RRUFF sample R070065
'Phillipsite'
Reference: Hansen, B. (2005) Brev fra leserne: Thailandhilsen med stein. Stein 32 (1): 13-15
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Pitticite
Formula: (Fe, AsO4, H2O) (?)
Reference: Breward, N., & Williams, M. (1994). Preliminary Apparaisal of the Environmental Geochemistry of the Bau Mining Area, Sarawak, Malaysia. British Geological Survey.
Platinum
Formula: Pt
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Plattnerite
Formula: PbO2
Reference: Marco P. Sacchi (2017). The Guatomo ("Hat Yai") mine near Tham Thalu, Bannang Sata District, Yala Province, Thailand. The Mineralogical Record, 48 (6), 731-749.
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Polybasite-Tac
Reference: Syafrizal; Imai, A.; Motomura, Y.; Watanabe, K. (2005): Characteristics of gold mineralization at the Ciurug vein, Pongkor gold-silver deposit, West Java, Indonesia. Resource Geology 55, 225-238.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
'Proustite-Pyrargyrite Series'
Reference: Davies, A. G. S. et al. (2008): Economic Geology 103, 717-757.
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Michael Stott
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
'Pumpellyite'
Reference: Beddoe-Stephens, B., Shepherd, T. J., Bowles, J. F. W., & Brook, M. (1987). Gold mineralization and skarn development near Muara Sipongi, west Sumatra, Indonesia. Economic Geology, 82(7), 1732-1749.
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 138 localities in this region.
Pyrite var: Arsenian Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
'Pyrobitumen'
Reference: Anh, T. T., Gaskov, I. V., Hoa, T. T., Borisenko, A. S., Izokh, A. E., Dung, P. T., ... & Mai, N. T. (2015). Ta Nang gold deposit in the black shales of Central Vietnam. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(10), 1414-1427.
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Reference: Econ Geol (1995) 90:603-615
'Pyrochlore Supergroup var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: (Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Reference: Econ Geol (1995) 90:603-615
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Pham Van Long, Gaston Giuliani, Virginie Garnier, Daniel Ohnenstetter (2004) Gemstones in Vietnam. The Australian Gemmologist Volume 22, Number 4, October–December 2004
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Pyroxene Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Pyrrhotite var: Nickeloan Pyrrhotite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)7S8
Description: Monosulphide solid solution (MSS).
Reference: K.H. Hattori et al. , Mineralogical Magazine , April 2004, V68, N°2, pp. 353-368.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 166 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Agate
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Carnelian
Reference: karel Bal Collection
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Citrine
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Le Thi Thu Huong, et al. (2012) Gemstone from Vietnam: an update. Gems & Gemology FALL 2012
Quartz var: Jasper
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Yeheng Liang, Xiaoming Sun, Wei Zhai, Aiju Li, Li Xu, Qian Tang, and Jinlong Liang (2009): Geology and Exploration 45(1), 41-45
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Ranciéite
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Reference: Milési, J.P., Marcoux, E., Sitorus, T., Simandjuntak, M., Leroy, J., and Bailly, L. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 131-149.
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Rooseveltite
Formula: Bi(AsO4)
Reference: Kiong, C. K., & Hoe, T. G. (2004). Characterisation of amang minerals from the Klian Intan area, Upper Perak. Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 48 June 2004, p. 125 - 128
Ruarsite
Formula: (Ru,Os)AsS
Reference: Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., & Weiser, T. W. (2017). Detrital Platinum-Group Minerals and Gold In Placers of Southeastern Samar Island, Philippines. The Canadian Mineralogist, 55(1), 45-62.
Ruthenium
Formula: (Ru,Ir)
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Rutile var: Ilmenorutile
Formula: Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Locality: Salak, Malaysia
Reference: [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index", p322]
Rutile var: Strüverite
Formula: (Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Salammoniac
Formula: NH4Cl
Reference: Symonds, R. (1993): Scanning electron microscope observations of Merapi Volcano, Indonesia. Geochemical Journal: 26: 337-350
Samarskite-(Y)
Formula: YFe3+Nb2O8
Reference: http://amdis.bgl.esdm.go.id/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=55:classification-of-tin-bearing-pegmatites-in-phuket&catid=2:mineral-article
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Sapphirine
Formula: Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Reference: Khamloet, P., Pisutha-Arnond, V., Sutthirat, S. (2014): Mineral inclusions in sapphire from the basalt-related deposit in Bo Phloi, (Kanchanaburi, western Thailand): indication of their genesis. Geologiya i Geofizika 55, 1374-1391 (in Russian).
Sarabauite (TL)
Formula: CaSb3+10S6O10
Reference: Chem.Lett.,Japan (1977) 275-276; Amer.Min.(1978) 63, 715-719; DILL, H.G. and HORN, E.E. (1996) The origin of a hypogene sarabauite-calcite mineralization at the Lucky Hill Au-Sb mine Sarawak, Malaysia.- Journal of Southeast Asian Earth Sciences, 14: 29-35; Breward, N., & Williams, M. (1994). Preliminary Apparaisal of the Environmental Geochemistry of the Bau Mining Area, Sarawak, Malaysia. British Geological Survey.; Percival, T. J., Radtke, A. S., & Bagby, W. C. (1990). Relationships among carbonate-replacement gold deposits, gold Skarns, and intrusive rocks, Bau Mining District, Sarawak, Malaysia. Mining Geology, 40(219), 1-16.
'Scapolite'
Reference: Jianmin Chen (2011): Global Geology 30(2), 145-153
Scawtite
Formula: Ca7(Si3O9)2CO3 · 2H2O
Reference: Newman, Peter V. (1973) Scawtite from Java. Mineralogical Record, 4, 205.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Schoenfliesite
Formula: Mg[Sn(OH)6]
Reference: http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/schoenfliesite.pdf.; Hassan, W. & Faud, W. (1993): Mineral of the schoenfliesite - wickmanite series from Sungai Gow, Pahang; a preliminary finding. Wana Geologi, Newsletter of the Geologiral Society of Malaysia 19(6), 239-245
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Segnitite
Formula: PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Marco P. Sacchi (2017). The Guatomo ("Hat Yai") mine near Tham Thalu, Bannang Sata District, Yala Province, Thailand. The Mineralogical Record, 48 (6), 731-749.
Senarmontite
Formula: Sb2O3
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Amer.Min.(1978) 63, 715-719; DILL, H.G. and HORN, E.E. (1996) The origin of a hypogene sarabauite-calcite mineralization at the Lucky Hill Au-Sb mine Sarawak, Malaysia.- Journal of Southeast Asian Earth Sciences, 14: 29-35; Wolfram Dieter Schuh (1993) Geology, Geochemistry, And Ore Deposits Of The Bau Gold Mining District, Sarawak, Malaysia. PhD Thesis University of Arizona.
Sepiolite
Formula: Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Silica'
Description: Most likely tridymite.
Reference: Hill Jr., L. C. (1974) Bondoc: An Unusual Brecciated Meteorite. Master's Thesis: Arizona State University. 109 pages.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Sorbyite
Formula: CuPb9(Sb,As)11S26
Reference: Nur, I., Idrus, A., Pramumijoyo, S., Harijoko, A., Watanabe, K., Imai, A., ... & Irfan, U. R. (2012). Elemental Mass Balance of the Hydrothermal Alteration Associated with the Baturappe Epithermal Silver-Base Metal Prospect, South Sulawesi, Indonesia.
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 81 localities in this region.
Sphalerite var: Marmatite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: Bin Li, Haiyang Zou, Mu Yang, Gaofeng Du, Jikang Wei, and Tianguo Wang (2010): Gold Science and Technology 18(4), 17-21
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Spinel var: Ferropicotite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Reference: Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (1993) Atlas of Mineral Resources for the Escap Region Cambodia Vol 10 UN.
Spinel var: Pleonaste
Formula: (Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Reference: Srithai, B. (2005, November). Petrography and mineral chemistry of ultramafic xenoliths from Bo Ploi basalt, Kanchanaburi, Thailand. In Proceeding of international conference on geology, geotechnology and mineral resources of Indochina (pp. 28-30).
Spionkopite
Formula: Cu39S28
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 41, pp. 185-200 (2003)
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Reference: Khamloet, P., Pisutha-Arnond, V., Sutthirat, S. (2014): Mineral inclusions in sapphire from the basalt-related deposit in Bo Phloi, (Kanchanaburi, western Thailand): indication of their genesis. Geologiya i Geofizika 55, 1374-1391 (in Russian).
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
'Stilbite subgroup'
Reference: British Museum of Natural History specimen
Stilpnomelane
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Stolzite
Formula: Pb(WO4)
Reference: Econ Geol (1995) 90:603-615
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Struvite
Formula: (NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine (1983): 47: 79-80.
Stützite
Formula: Ag5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Reference: Yuningsih, E. T., Matsueda, H., & Rosana, M. F. (2014). Epithermal Gold-Silver Deposits in Western Java, Indonesia: Gold-Silver Selenide-Telluride Mineralization. Indonesian Journal on Geoscience, 1(2), 71-81.
'Sulfurite'
Formula: S
Reference: Palache, C. (1944) Dana's System of Mineralogy, vol 1, 144.
'Sulfurite var: Arsensulfurite'
Formula: (S,As)8
Reference: Palache, C. (1944) Dana's System of Mineralogy, vol 1, 144.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Sylvanite
Formula: (Au,Ag)2Te4
Reference: Kieft, C. & Oen, I. S. (1973): Ore minerals in the telluride-​bearing gold-​silver ores of Salida, Indonesia, with special reference to the distribution of selenium. Mineralium Deposita 8, 312-320.
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Tachyhydrite
Formula: CaMg2Cl6 · 12H2O
Reference: Tabakh, M. E., Schreiber, B. C., Utha‐Aroon, C., Coshell, L., & Warren, J. K. (1998). Diagenetic origin of basal anhydrite in the Cretaceous Maha Sarakham salt: Khorat Plateau, NE Thailand. Sedimentology, 45(3), 579-594.
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Li, B., Jiang, S. Y., Zou, H. Y., Yang, M., & Lai, J. Q. (2015). Geology and fluid characteristics of the Ulu Sokor gold deposit, Kelantan, Malaysia: Implications for ore genesis and classification of the deposit. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 400-424.
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tantalum'
Formula: Ta
Reference: http://amdis.bgl.esdm.go.id/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=55:classification-of-tin-bearing-pegmatites-in-phuket&catid=2:mineral-article
'Tapiolite'
Formula: (Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Taranakite
Formula: (K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine (1983): 47: 79-80.
'Tektite var: Indochinite'
Tellurobismuthite
Formula: Bi2Te3
Reference: Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (1993) Atlas of Mineral Resources for the Escap Region Cambodia Vol 10 UN.
'Tennantite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Tetra-auricupride
Formula: AuCu
Reference: Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., & Weiser, T. W. (2017). Detrital Platinum-Group Minerals and Gold In Placers of Southeastern Samar Island, Philippines. The Canadian Mineralogist, 55(1), 45-62.
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Tetraferroplatinum
Formula: PtFe
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
'Tetrahedrite var: Mercurian Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Zn,Fe,Hg)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Wolfram Dieter Schuh (1993) Geology, Geochemistry, And Ore Deposits Of The Bau Gold Mining District, Sarawak, Malaysia. PhD Thesis University of Arizona.
Tetrataenite
Formula: FeNi
Reference: Clarke Jr, R.S. & Scott, E.R.D. (1980) Tetrataenite—ordered FeNi, a new mineral in meteorites. American Mineralogist 65(7-8): 624-639. (Jul-Aug 1980).
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: http://amdis.bgl.esdm.go.id/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=55:classification-of-tin-bearing-pegmatites-in-phuket&catid=2:mineral-article
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Reference: Milési, J.P., Marcoux, E., Sitorus, T., Simandjuntak, M., Leroy, J., and Bailly, L. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 131-149.
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Nutalaya, P., Campbell, L. V., Macdonald, A. S., Aranyakanon, P. and Suthakorn, P. 1979. Review of the geology of Thailand tin fields. Geol. Soc. Malaysia Bull. No. 11, 137-159.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Tremolite-Actinolite Series'
Reference: Imai, A., Shinomiya, J., Soe, M. T., Setijadji, L. D., Watanabe, K., & Warmada, I. W. (2007). Porphyry‐Type Mineralization at Selogiri Area, Wonogiri Regency, Central Java, Indonesia. Resource Geology, 57(2), 230-240.
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Trippkeite
Formula: Cu2+As3+2O4
Reference: Kiong, C. K., & Hoe, T. G. (2004). Characterisation of amang minerals from the Klian Intan area, Upper Perak. Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 48 June 2004, p. 125 - 128
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Truscottite (TL)
Formula: (Ca,Mn)14Si24O58(OH)8 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Jaarboek van het Mijnwezen in Nederlandsch Oost-Indie, Verhandl.(1914) 41, 202; Mineralogical Magazine(1979) 43, 333-336
Tsugaruite
Formula: Pb28As15S50Cl
Tulameenite
Formula: Pt2CuFe
Reference: Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., & Weiser, T. W. (2017). Detrital Platinum-Group Minerals and Gold In Placers of Southeastern Samar Island, Philippines. The Canadian Mineralogist, 55(1), 45-62.
'Turgite'
Reference: Jewel Tunnel Import specimens
'UM1989-32-SiO:AlCaFeHREE'
Formula: (Ca0.50.5)(Ce,La,Nd)Fe3+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Chesner, C.A., Ettlinger, A.D. (1989): Composition of volcanic allanite from the Toba Tuffs, Sumatra, Indonesia. American Mineralogist: 74: 750-758
'UM1994-06-O:AlCo'
Formula: CoAl2O4
Reference: Guo, J., Griffin, W.L., O'Reilly, S.Y. (1994): A cobalt-rich spinel inclusion in a sapphire from Bo Ploi, Thailand. Mineralogical Magazine: 58: 247-258; in: Jambor, J.L., Roberts, A.C (1994): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 80: 187
Umohoite
Formula: (UO2)MoO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Setiawan I, Takahashi R, Imai A (2014) Hydrothermal alteration and base metal-REE mineralization in granitoids at Panyabungan and its surroundings of North Sumatra, Indonesia. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association.
'Unnamed (Au2Hg)'
Formula: Au2Hg
Reference: Shaofeng Huang (2011): Geology and Exploration 47(5), 935-942
'Unnamed (Cesium Potassium Sulfate)'
Formula: Cs-K-S-O
Reference: Symonds, R. (1993): Scanning electron microscope observations of Merapi Volcano, Indonesia. Geochemical Journal: 26: 337-350
'Unnamed (Potassium Calcium Sulfate)'
Formula: K2Ca(SO4)2
Reference: Symonds, R. (1993): Scanning electron microscope observations of Merapi Volcano, Indonesia. Geochemical Journal: 26: 337-350
'Unnamed (Potassium Lead Chloride)'
Formula: KPbCl3
Reference: Symonds, R. (1993): Scanning electron microscope observations of Merapi Volcano, Indonesia. Geochemical Journal: 26: 337-350
'Unnamed (Potassium Zinc Sulfate Chloride)'
Formula: K2Zn(SO4)Cl3 ?
Reference: Symonds, R. (1993): Scanning electron microscope observations of Merapi Volcano, Indonesia. Geochemical Journal: 26: 337-350
'Unnamed (Sodium Potassium Iron Sulfate Chloride)'
Formula: (Na,K)2Fe(SO4)Cl2
Reference: Symonds, R. (1993): Scanning electron microscope observations of Merapi Volcano, Indonesia. Geochemical Journal: 26: 337-350
'Unnamed (Zn Sulfate Chloride Hydroxide)'
Formula: Zn3(SO4)(Cl,OH)2 ?
Reference: Symonds, R. (1993): Scanning electron microscope observations of Merapi Volcano, Indonesia. Geochemical Journal: 26: 337-350
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Uraninite var: Pitchblende
Formula: UO2
Uvarovite
Formula: Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Reference: South-East Asian Oil, Gas, Coal, and Mineral Deposits, C. Hutchison,1996
'Uvite Series'
Formula: Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Reference: Hoe, T.G., Loon, H.W. (2003) EPMA study of heavy minerals in the Tekka area, Pera. Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 46, 263-269.
Uytenbogaardtite (TL)
Formula: Ag3AuS2
Reference: [Canadian Mineralogist(1978) 16, 651-659; MinRec 16:55]; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 16, pp. 651-657 (1978)
Variscite
Formula: AlPO4 · 2H2O
Varlamoffite
Formula: (Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Reference: Teh, G.H. (1981) The Tekka tin deposit, Perak, Peninsular Malaysia. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 14, 101-118.
Vesuvianite
Formula: Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Vincentite (TL)
Formula: Pd3As
Type Locality:
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine(1974) 39, 525-527; Tarkian, M., Klaska, K. H., & Stumpfl, E. F. (2002). New data on vincentite. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(2), 457-461.
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: South-East Asian Oil, Gas, Coal, and Mineral Deposits, C. Hutchison,1996
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
'Wad'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Wairakite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Wakabayashilite
Formula: [(As,Sb)6S9][As4S5]
Reference: Rolf Luetcke collection (ex- Richard Gillespie collection)
Wavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Reference: PXRD by John Attard, May 2014, on specimens collected by Herschel Ward.
Whitlockite
Formula: Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 41, pp. 185-200 (2003); Yuningsih, E. T., Matsueda, H., & Rosana, M. F. (2014). Epithermal Gold-Silver Deposits in Western Java, Indonesia: Gold-Silver Selenide-Telluride Mineralization. Indonesian Journal on Geoscience, 1(2), 71-81.
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Reference: Kiong, C. K., & Hoe, T. G. (2004). Characterisation of amang minerals from the Klian Intan area, Upper Perak. Geological Society of Malaysia, Bulletin 48 June 2004, p. 125 - 128
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Wollastonite-2M'
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: No reference listed
'Xenotime'
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Yarrowite
Formula: Cu9S8
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 41, pp. 185-200 (2003)
Yttrotungstite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: (Ce,Nd,Y)W2O6(OH)3
Type Locality:
Description: Scrivenor and Shenton, as cited in Palache, et al (1951) state that the analysis of this material contained RRE's, and specifically states that it was almost all Ce.
Reference: Scrivenor, J. B., & Shenton, J. C. (1927). Thorotungstite; a mineral containing tungsten and thorium from the Federated Malay States. American Journal of Science, (78), 487-490.; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1097.
Yttrotungstite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: YW2O6(OH)3
Reference: [Colonial Geol. and Min. Resources, London (1950) 1, 50-51; MinRec 12:86]
'Zeolite Group'
'Zinnwaldite'
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 44 localities in this region.
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Reference: Suthakorn, P. (1992, November). The distribution of tin and associated minerals in Thailand. In Proc. of the national conference on “Geologic resources of Thailand: Potential for future development (pp. 17-24).

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Antimony1.CA.05Sb
Arsenic1.CA.05As
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Cohenite1.BA.05Fe3C
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Diamond1.CB.10aC
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
var: Mercurian Gold1.AA.05(Au,Hg)
'Goldamalgam (of Chen et al.)'1.AD.20b(Au,Ag)Hg
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Haxonite1.BA.10(Fe,Ni)23C6
Hongshiite1.AG.45PtCu
Iridium1.AF.10(Ir,Os,Ru)
var: Osmiridium1.AF.10(Ir,Os,Ru)
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Isoferroplatinum1.AG.35Pt3Fe
Mercury1.AD.05Hg
'Molybdenum'1.AE.05Mo
Osmium1.AF.05(Os,Ir,Ru)
Platinum1.AF.10Pt
Ruthenium1.AF.05(Ru,Ir)
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Tetra-auricupride1.AA.10bAuCu
Tetraferroplatinum1.AG.40PtFe
Tetrataenite1.AE.10FeNi
Tulameenite1.AG.40Pt2CuFe
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Aguilarite2.BA.55Ag4SeS
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Anilite2.BA.10Cu7S4
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Aurostibite2.EB.05aAuSb2
Berthierite2.HA.20FeSb2S4
Berzelianite2.BA.20Cu2Se
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Bowieite2.DB.15(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
Canfieldite2.BA.70Ag8SnS6
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Colusite2.CB.30Cu13VAs3S16
Cooperite2.CC.35bPtS
Cosalite2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Cuprobismutite2.JA.10aCu8AgBi13S24
Cuproiridsite2.DA.05(Cu,Fe)Ir2S4
Cupropolybasite2.GB.15[Cu6Sb2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Daubréelite2.DA.05Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Djurleite2.BA.05Cu31S16
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Erlichmanite2.EB.05aOsS2
Famatinite2.KA.10Cu3SbS4
Freieslebenite2.JB.15AgPbSbS3
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Galenobismutite ?2.JC.25ePbBi2S4
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Heazlewoodite2.BB.05Ni3S2
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Idaite2.CB.15aCu5FeS6
Ikunolite2.DC.05Bi4(S,Se)3
Irarsite2.EB.25(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Isocubanite2.CB.55bCuFe2S3
Jalpaite2.BA.45Ag3CuS2
Jamesonite2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Jonassonite2.LA.65AuBi5S4
Kashinite2.DB.15(Ir,Rh)2S3
Kobellite2.HB.10aPb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Kësterite 2.CB.15aCu2ZnSnS4
Launayite2.LB.30CuPb10(Sb,As)12S20
Laurite (TL)2.EB.05aRuS2
Lillianite2.JB.40aPb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Linnaeite2.DA.05Co2+Co3+2S4
Luzonite2.KA.10Cu3AsS4
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Matildite2.JA.20AgBiS2
Mckinstryite2.BA.40Ag5-xCu3+xS4
Melonite2.EA.20NiTe2
Metacinnabar2.CB.05aHgS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Naumannite2.BA.55Ag2Se
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Pearceite2.GB.15[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Petzite2.BA.75Ag3AuTe2
Polybasite2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Proustite2.GA.05Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
var: Arsenian Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
var: Nickeloan Pyrrhotite2.CC.10(Fe,Ni)7S8
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Ruarsite2.EB.20(Ru,Os)AsS
Sarabauite (TL)2.MA.10CaSb3+10S6O10
Sorbyite2.LB.30CuPb9(Sb,As)11S26
Sperrylite2.EB.05aPtAs2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
var: Marmatite2.CB.05a(Zn,Fe)S
Spionkopite2.CA.05cCu39S28
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
Stützite2.BA.65Ag5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Sylvanite2.EA.05(Au,Ag)2Te4
Tellurobismuthite2.DC.05Bi2Te3
'Tennantite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
'var: Mercurian Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Zn,Fe,Hg)2]Sb4S13
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Tsugaruite2.JB.30cPb28As15S50Cl
Uytenbogaardtite (TL)2.BA.75Ag3AuS2
Vincentite (TL)2.AC.05bPd3As
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Wakabayashilite2.FA.40[(As,Sb)6S9][As4S5]
Wittichenite2.GA.20Cu3BiS3
Yarrowite2.CA.05dCu9S8
Ángelaite2.JB.25fCu2AgPbBiS4
Group 3 - Halides
Carnallite3.BA.10KMgCl3 · 6H2O
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Iodargyrite3.AA.10AgI
Lawrencite3.AB.20(Fe2+,Ni)Cl2
Salammoniac3.AA.25NH4Cl
Sylvite3.AA.20KCl
Tachyhydrite3.BB.35CaMg2Cl6 · 12H2O
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Arsenolite4.CB.50As2O3
Bayerite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Birnessite4.FL.45(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Brannerite4.DH.05UTi2O6
Böhmite ?4.FE.15AlO(OH)
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Cesàrolite4.FG.10Pb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
Chalcophanite4.FL.20ZnMn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Cochromite4.BB.05(Co,Ni,Fe)(Cr,Al)2O4
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Coronadite4.DK.05aPb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Ruby4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Star Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Eskolaite4.CB.05Cr2O3
Ferberite4.DB.30FeWO4
Galaxite4.BB.05Mn2+Al2O4
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hausmannite4.BB.10Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Martite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
var: Picotite4.BB.05(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Hübnerite ?4.DB.30MnWO4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
var: Manganoan Ilmenite4.CB.05(Fe,Mn)2+TiO3
Ilsemannite4.FJ.15Mo3O8 · nH2O
Ixiolite4.DB.25(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
var: Wolframoixiolite4.DB.25(Nb,W,Ta,Fe,Mn,Nb)2O4
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Magnesiochromite4.BB.05MgCr2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Massicot4.AC.25PbO
Meymacite4.FJ.05WO3 · 2H2O
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Nordstrandite (TL)4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Nsutite4.DB.15c(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Black Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Fire Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Hyalite4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Jelly Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-Agate4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-CT4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Precious Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Wood Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Plattnerite4.DB.05PbO2
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Carnelian4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Citrine4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Ranciéite4.FL.40(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.DB.05Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
var: Strüverite4.DB.05(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Samarskite-(Y)4.DB.25YFe3+Nb2O8
Schoenfliesite4.FC.10Mg[Sn(OH)6]
Senarmontite4.CB.50Sb2O3
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
var: Ferropicotite4.BB.05(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
var: Pleonaste4.BB.05(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
'Stibiconite'4.DH.20Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Trippkeite4.JA.20Cu2+As3+2O4
Umohoite4.GC.10(UO2)MoO4 · 2H2O
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
var: Pitchblende4.DL.05UO2
Varlamoffite4.DB.05(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Yttrotungstite-(Ce) (TL)4.FD.20(Ce,Nd,Y)W2O6(OH)3
Yttrotungstite-(Y) (TL)4.FD.20YW2O6(OH)3
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Ferroan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Fe)CO3
var: Manganoan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Mn)CO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrocerussite5.BE.10Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Kutnohorite5.AB.10CaMn2+(CO3)2
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Niter5.NA.10KNO3
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Boracite6.GA.05Mg3(B7O13)Cl
Fluoborite6.AB.50Mg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Alunogen7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Antlerite7.BB.15Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Aphthitalite7.AC.35(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcocyanite7.AB.10CuSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Natroalunite7.BC.10NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Palmierite ?7.AD.40(K,Na)2Pb(SO4)2
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Stolzite7.GA.05Pb(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Ardealite8.CJ.50Ca2(HPO4)(SO4) · 4H2O
Berlinite8.AA.05AlPO4
Brushite8.CJ.50Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Carminite8.BH.30PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Chlorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Goyazite8.BL.10SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Hannayite8.CH.35(NH4)2Mg3H4(PO4)4 · 8H2O
Herderite8.BA.10CaBePO4(F,OH)
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Leucophosphite8.DH.10KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Merrillite8.AC.45Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
var: Campylite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mitridatite8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Monetite8.AD.10Ca(HPO4)
Newberyite8.CE.10Mg(HPO4) · 3H2O
Niahite (TL)8.CH.20(NH4)(Mn2+,Mg)(PO4) · H2O
Pharmacolite8.CJ.50Ca(HAsO4) · 2H2O
Philipsbornite8.BL.10PbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Pitticite8.DB.05(Fe, AsO4, H2O) (?)
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Rooseveltite8.AD.50Bi(AsO4)
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Segnitite8.BL.10PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Strengite8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
Struvite8.CH.40(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
Taranakite8.CH.25(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Variscite8.CD.10AlPO4 · 2H2O
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Wavellite8.DC.50Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Whitlockite8.AC.45Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
var: Smaragdite9.DE.10Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Aerinite9.DB.45(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Allophane9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
var: Labradorite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Anthophyllite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var: Fassaite9.DA.15(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Chromian Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Clinoptilolite-Na9.GE.05Na6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Cummingtonite9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Dickite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Edenite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
var: Bronzite9.DA.05(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Feruvite9.CK.05Ca(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
var: Peridot9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Halloysite-7Å9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Helvine9.FB.10Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Heulandite-Ca9.GE.05(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Inesite9.DL.05Ca2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
Johannsenite9.DA.15CaMn2+Si2O6
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Malayaite (TL)9.AG.15CaSn(SiO4)O
Mesolite ?9.GA.05Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mordenite9.GD.35(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Phengite9.EC.15KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Neotocite9.ED.20(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Paragonite9.EC.15NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Parsettensite9.EG.40(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pigeonite9.DA.10(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pyrope9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Sapphirine9.DH.45Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Scawtite9.CK.15Ca7(Si3O9)2CO3 · 2H2O
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Sepiolite9.EE.25Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Stilpnomelane9.EG.40(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Truscottite (TL)9.EE.35(Ca,Mn)14Si24O58(OH)8 · 2H2O
Uvarovite9.AD.25Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
'Uvite Series'9..Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Vesuvianite9.BG.35Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Wairakite9.GB.05Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Willemite9.AA.05Zn2SiO4
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
'Zeolite Group'9.G0.
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Agalmatolite'-
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alkali Feldspar'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Almandine-Pyrope Series'-
'Alumotungstite'-2W2O6(H2O)
'Amber'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'var: Collophane'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Arsenpolybasite'-
'Auerlite'-near Th(Si,P)O4
'Aurobismuthinite'-
'Ballas'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Calcic plagioclase'-
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
'Clinoptilolite'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'var: Subcalcic ferroaugite'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Dravite-Schorl Series'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Fergusonite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Garnierite'-
'Glass'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hornblende'-
'Hydrogoethite'-3Fe2O3·4H2O
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Lepidolite'-
'Leucoxene'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Melnikovite'-
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Oligoclase-Andesine'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Oxyallanite'-{CaCe}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(O) (?)
'Pearceite-T2ac'-
'Petrified Wood'-
'Phillipsite'-
Polybasite-Tac-
'Proustite-Pyrargyrite Series'-
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Pumpellyite'-
'Pyrobitumen'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'-(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Silica'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Sulfurite'-S
'var: Arsensulfurite'-(S,As)8
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tantalum'-Ta
'Tapiolite'-(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tektite
var: Indochinite'
-
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Tremolite-Actinolite Series'-
'Turgite'-
'UM1989-32-SiO:AlCaFeHREE'-(Ca0.50.5)(Ce,La,Nd)Fe3+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'UM1994-06-O:AlCo'-CoAl2O4
'Unnamed (Au2Hg)'-Au2Hg
'Unnamed (Cesium Potassium Sulfate)'-Cs-K-S-O
'Unnamed (Potassium Calcium Sulfate)'-K2Ca(SO4)2
'Unnamed (Potassium Lead Chloride)'-KPbCl3
'Unnamed (Potassium Zinc Sulfate Chloride)'-K2Zn(SO4)Cl3 ?
'Unnamed (Sodium Potassium Iron Sulfate Chloride)'-(Na,K)2Fe(SO4)Cl2
'Unnamed (Zn Sulfate Chloride Hydroxide)'-Zn3(SO4)(Cl,OH)2 ?
'Wad'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4to (Mn2+)WO4
'Wollastonite-2M'-CaSiO3
'Xenotime'-
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Cohenite1.1.16.1Fe3C
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
'Goldamalgam (of Chen et al.)'1.1.12.1(Au,Ag)Hg
Haxonite1.1.16.2(Fe,Ni)23C6
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Mercury1.1.7.1Hg
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Tetra-auricupride1.1.2.2AuCu
Tetrataenite1.1.11.3FeNi
Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Hongshiite1.2.3.1PtCu
Iridium1.2.1.2(Ir,Os,Ru)
Isoferroplatinum1.2.5.1Pt3Fe
Osmium1.2.2.1(Os,Ir,Ru)
Platinum1.2.1.1Pt
Ruthenium1.2.2.2(Ru,Ir)
Tetraferroplatinum1.2.4.1PtFe
Tulameenite1.2.4.2Pt2CuFe
Semi-metals and non-metals
Antimony1.3.1.2Sb
Arsenic1.3.1.1As
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:1
Vincentite (TL)2.2.5.1Pd3As
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Aguilarite2.4.1.3Ag4SeS
Anilite2.4.7.5Cu7S4
Berzelianite2.4.10.1Cu2Se
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Djurleite2.4.7.2Cu31S16
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
Jalpaite2.4.4.1Ag3CuS2
Mckinstryite2.4.5.1Ag5-xCu3+xS4
Naumannite2.4.1.2Ag2Se
Petzite2.4.3.3Ag3AuTe2
Spionkopite2.4.7.7Cu39S28
Stromeyerite2.4.6.1AgCuS
Uytenbogaardtite (TL)2.4.3.1Ag3AuS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
Canfieldite2.5.6.2Ag8SnS6
Heazlewoodite2.5.3.1Ni3S2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
Ikunolite2.6.2.3Bi4(S,Se)3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Yarrowite2.7.3.1Cu9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Cooperite2.8.5.1PtS
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Metacinnabar2.8.2.3HgS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Idaite2.9.14.1Cu5FeS6
Isocubanite2.9.13.3CuFe2S3
Kësterite 2.9.2.9Cu2ZnSnS4
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Cuproiridsite2.10.1.15(Cu,Fe)Ir2S4
Daubréelite2.10.1.11Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Linnaeite2.10.1.1Co2+Co3+2S4
Violarite2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Bowieite2.11.12.1(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
Kashinite2.11.12.2(Ir,Rh)2S3
Orpiment2.11.1.1As2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
Tellurobismuthite2.11.7.2Bi2Te3
Tetradymite2.11.7.1Bi2Te2S
Wakabayashilite2.11.4.1[(As,Sb)6S9][As4S5]
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Aurostibite2.12.1.11AuSb2
Erlichmanite2.12.1.16OsS2
Irarsite2.12.3.7(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Laurite (TL)2.12.1.10RuS2
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Melonite2.12.14.1NiTe2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Ruarsite2.12.4.4(Ru,Os)AsS
Sperrylite2.12.1.13PtAs2
Sylvanite2.12.13.3(Au,Ag)2Te4
Oxysulfides
Sarabauite (TL)2.13.2.1CaSb3+10S6O10
Miscellaneous
Stützite2.16.13.1Ag5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Colusite3.1.1.1Cu13VAs3S16
Cupropolybasite3.1.7.3[Cu6Sb2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Pearceite3.1.8.1[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Polybasite3.1.7.2[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Ángelaite3.1.5.2Cu2AgPbBiS4
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
Famatinite3.2.2.2Cu3SbS4
Luzonite3.2.2.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
'Tennantite'3.3.6.2Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Freieslebenite3.4.6.2AgPbSbS3
Lillianite3.4.15.1Pb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Proustite3.4.1.1Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
Wittichenite3.4.8.1Cu3BiS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
Cosalite3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
2 < ø < 2.49
Jamesonite3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
Kobellite3.6.19.1Pb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Launayite3.6.6.1CuPb10(Sb,As)12S20
Sorbyite3.6.12.1CuPb9(Sb,As)11S26
ø = 2
Berthierite3.7.9.3FeSb2S4
Galenobismutite ?3.7.9.1PbBi2S4
Matildite3.7.1.1AgBiS2
1 < ø < 2
Cuprobismutite3.8.2.1Cu8AgBi13S24
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Massicot4.2.7.1PbO
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Arsenolite4.3.9.1As2O3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Eskolaite4.3.1.3Cr2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
Senarmontite4.3.9.2Sb2O3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Nsutite4.4.8.1(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Plattnerite4.4.1.6PbO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.4.1.2Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
var: Strüverite4.4.1.3(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Varlamoffite4.4.2.1(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
AX3
Meymacite4.5.3.1WO3 · 2H2O
Miscellaneous
Ilsemannite4.6.3.1Mo3O8 · nH2O
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Böhmite ?6.1.2.1AlO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Bayerite6.3.2.1Al(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Nordstrandite (TL)6.3.3.1Al(OH)3
Schoenfliesite6.3.6.2Mg[Sn(OH)6]
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Cochromite7.2.3.5(Co,Ni,Fe)(Cr,Al)2O4
Galaxite7.2.1.2Mn2+Al2O4
Hausmannite7.2.7.1Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Magnesiochromite7.2.3.1MgCr2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
(AB)2X3
Birnessite7.5.3.1(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Braunite7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
(AB)5X8
Cesàrolite7.6.1.1Pb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
AB3X7
Chalcophanite7.8.2.1ZnMn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AB8X16
Coronadite7.9.1.4Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
AB4X9
Ranciéite7.10.1.1(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Ixiolite8.1.10.1(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Samarskite-(Y)8.1.11.1YFe3+Nb2O8
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Pyrochlore Supergroup
var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
8.2.3.1(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
AB2O6
Brannerite8.3.4.1UTi2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Iodargyrite9.1.5.1AgI
Salammoniac9.1.3.1NH4Cl
Sylvite9.1.1.2KCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Lawrencite9.2.3.1(Fe2+,Ni)Cl2
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
AmBX3
Carnallite11.1.2.1KMgCl3 · 6H2O
AmBX6
Tachyhydrite11.5.5.1CaMg2Cl6 · 12H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Kutnohorite14.2.1.3CaMn2+(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydrocerussite16a.2.2.1Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 18 - NORMAL NITRATES
AXO3·xH2O, where x can equal zero
Niter18.1.2.1KNO3
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Monoborates
Fluoborite25.1.2.1Mg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
Hexaborates
Boracite25.6.1.1Mg3(B7O13)Cl
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
Aphthitalite28.2.2.1(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Chalcocyanite28.3.3.1CuSO4
Miscellaneous
Palmierite ?28.4.3.1(K,Na)2Pb(SO4)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Alunogen29.8.6.1Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Antlerite30.1.12.1Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 37 - ANHYDROUS ACID PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES AND VANADATES
Miscellaneous
Monetite37.1.1.1Ca(HPO4)
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)3(XO4)2
Merrillite38.3.4.4Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Whitlockite38.3.4.1Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
AXO4
Berlinite38.4.2.1AlPO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Rooseveltite38.4.4.1Bi(AsO4)
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A[HXO4]·xH2O
Brushite39.1.1.1Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Newberyite39.1.6.1Mg(HPO4) · 3H2O
Pharmacolite39.1.1.2Ca(HAsO4) · 2H2O
Miscellaneous
Hannayite39.3.5.1(NH4)2Mg3H4(PO4)4 · 8H2O
Taranakite39.3.6.1(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB(XO4)·xH2O
Niahite (TL)40.1.2.2(NH4)(Mn2+,Mg)(PO4) · H2O
Struvite40.1.1.1(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Torbernite40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Strengite40.4.1.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Variscite40.4.1.1AlPO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Herderite41.5.4.1CaBePO4(F,OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Libethenite41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Chlorapatite41.8.1.2Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite41.8.1.4Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Carminite41.10.6.1PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Goyazite42.7.3.3SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Philipsbornite42.7.4.2PbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Segnitite42.7.4.4PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Mitridatite42.8.4.1Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
A3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Wavellite42.10.2.1Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Leucophosphite42.11.6.1KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Acid Compound Phosphates, etc·
Ardealite43.1.1.1Ca2(HPO4)(SO4) · 4H2O
Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Pitticite43.5.3.1(Fe, AsO4, H2O) (?)
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Stibiconite'44.1.1.1Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Group 45 - ACID AND NORMAL ANTIMONITES AND ARSENITES
Miscellaneous
Trippkeite45.1.5.1Cu2+As3+2O4
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Hübnerite ?48.1.1.1MnWO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Stolzite48.1.3.2Pb(WO4)
Group 49 - HYDRATED MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
Hydrated Normal Molybdates and Tungstates
Umohoite49.2.2.1(UO2)MoO4 · 2H2O
Hydrated Molybdates and Tungstates Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Yttrotungstite-(Ce) (TL)49.3.3.1(Ce,Nd,Y)W2O6(OH)3
Yttrotungstite-(Y) (TL)49.3.3.2YW2O6(OH)3
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Willemite51.1.1.2Zn2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrope51.4.3a.1Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Uvarovite51.4.3b.3Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Malayaite (TL)52.4.3.2CaSn(SiO4)O
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Feruvite61.3.1.4Ca(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Uvite Series'61.3.1.3Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Group 64 - CYCLOSILICATES Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups
Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups: 3-membered rings with other anion groups
Scawtite64.2.1.1Ca7(Si3O9)2CO3 · 2H2O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Johannsenite65.1.3a.4CaMn2+Si2O6
Pigeonite65.1.1.4(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
'Wollastonite-2M'65.2.1.1bCaSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Anthophyllite66.1.2.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Cummingtonite66.1.1.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Edenite66.1.3a.10{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Pargasite66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Amphiboles - Ca-Na subgroup
Inesite66.3.3.1Ca2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 68 - INOSILICATES Structures with Chains of More Than One Width
Structures with Chains of More Than One Width
Aerinite68.1.3.1(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Sapphirine69.2.1b.1Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Allophane71.1.5.1(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Neotocite71.1.5.4(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Paragonite71.2.2a.2NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 73 - PHYLLOSILICATES Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets
Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets with double and single layers
Truscottite (TL)73.2.2a.2(Ca,Mn)14Si24O58(OH)8 · 2H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined islands
Parsettensite74.1.3.1(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Stilpnomelane74.1.1.1(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Sepiolite74.3.1b.1Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Cristobalite75.1.1.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Helvine76.2.4.1Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Heulandite-Ca77.1.4.1(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Mesolite ?77.1.5.4Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Mordenite77.1.6.1(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Wairakite77.1.1.3Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
var: Smaragdite-Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
'Agalmatolite'-
Albite
var: Andesine
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Oligoclase-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alkali Feldspar'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Almandine-Pyrope Series'-
'Alumotungstite'-2W2O6(H2O)
'Amber'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
var: Labradorite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'var: Collophane'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Arsenpolybasite'-
'Auerlite'-near Th(Si,P)O4
Augite
var: Fassaite
-(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
'Aurobismuthinite'-
'Ballas'-
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Calcic plagioclase'-
Calcite
var: Ferroan Calcite
-(Ca,Fe)CO3
var: Manganoan Calcite-(Ca,Mn)CO3
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
Clinochlore
var: Chromian Clinochlore
-Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
'Clinoptilolite'-
Clinoptilolite-Na-Na6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'var: Subcalcic ferroaugite'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
Corundum
var: Ruby
-Al2O3
var: Sapphire-Al2O3
var: Star Sapphire-Al2O3
'Dravite-Schorl Series'-
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
Enstatite
var: Bronzite
-(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Fergusonite'-
Forsterite
var: Peridot
-Mg2SiO4
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Garnierite'-
'Glass'-
Gold
var: Mercurian Gold
-(Au,Hg)
Halloysite-7Å-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Hematite
var: Martite
-Fe2O3
var: Specularite-Fe2O3
Hercynite
var: Picotite
-(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hornblende'-
'Hydrogoethite'-3Fe2O3·4H2O
Hydroxylapatite
var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite
-Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Ilmenite
var: Manganoan Ilmenite
-(Fe,Mn)2+TiO3
Iridium
var: Osmiridium
-(Ir,Os,Ru)
Iron-Fe
Ixiolite
var: Wolframoixiolite
-(Nb,W,Ta,Fe,Mn,Nb)2O4
Jonassonite-AuBi5S4
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Lepidolite'-
'Leucoxene'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnetite
var: Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Melnikovite'-
'Mica Group'-
Mimetite
var: Campylite
-Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
'Molybdenum'-Mo
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Phengite
-KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natroalunite-NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Oligoclase-Andesine'-
Opal
var: Black Opal
-SiO2 · nH2O
var: Fire Opal-SiO2 · nH2O
var: Hyalite-SiO2 · nH2O
var: Jelly Opal-SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN-SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-Agate-SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-CT-SiO2 · nH2O
var: Precious Opal-SiO2 · nH2O
var: Wood Opal-SiO2 · nH2O
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Oxyallanite'-{CaCe}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(O) (?)
'Pearceite-T2ac'-
'Petrified Wood'-
'Phillipsite'-
Polybasite-Tac-
'Proustite-Pyrargyrite Series'-
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Pumpellyite'-
Pyrite
var: Arsenian Pyrite
-FeS2
'Pyrobitumen'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'Pyroxene Group'-
Pyrrhotite
var: Nickeloan Pyrrhotite
-(Fe,Ni)7S8
Quartz
var: Agate
-SiO2
var: Amethyst-SiO2
var: Carnelian-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Citrine-SiO2
var: Jasper-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Silica'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Sphalerite
var: Marmatite
-(Zn,Fe)S
Spinel
var: Ferropicotite
-(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
var: Pleonaste-(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Sulfurite'-S
'var: Arsensulfurite'-(S,As)8
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tantalum'-Ta
'Tapiolite'-(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tektite
var: Indochinite'
-
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-
'Tetrahedrite
var: Mercurian Tetrahedrite'
-Cu6[Cu4(Zn,Fe,Hg)2]Sb4S13
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Tremolite-Actinolite Series'-
Tsugaruite-Pb28As15S50Cl
'Turgite'-
'UM1989-32-SiO:AlCaFeHREE'-(Ca0.50.5)(Ce,La,Nd)Fe3+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'UM1994-06-O:AlCo'-CoAl2O4
'Unnamed (Au2Hg)'-Au2Hg
'Unnamed (Cesium Potassium Sulfate)'-Cs-K-S-O
'Unnamed (Potassium Calcium Sulfate)'-K2Ca(SO4)2
'Unnamed (Potassium Lead Chloride)'-KPbCl3
'Unnamed (Potassium Zinc Sulfate Chloride)'-K2Zn(SO4)Cl3 ?
'Unnamed (Sodium Potassium Iron Sulfate Chloride)'-(Na,K)2Fe(SO4)Cl2
'Unnamed (Zn Sulfate Chloride Hydroxide)'-Zn3(SO4)(Cl,OH)2 ?
Uraninite
var: Pitchblende
-UO2
'Wad'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
'Xenotime'-
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)
'Zeolite Group'-
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Yttrotungstite-(Y)YW2O6(OH)3
H Yttrotungstite-(Ce)(Ce,Nd,Y)W2O6(OH)3
H Truscottite(Ca,Mn)14Si24O58(OH)8 · 2H2O
H NordstranditeAl(OH)3
H Niahite(NH4)(Mn2+,Mg)(PO4) · H2O
H Opal (var: Wood Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Opal (var: Hyalite)SiO2 · nH2O
H Opal (var: Fire Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
H Opal (var: Precious Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
H Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H InesiteCa2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
H Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
H Alumotungstite2W2O6(H2O)
H StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H BayeriteAl(OH)3
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H IlsemanniteMo3O8 · nH2O
H Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
H SalammoniacNH4Cl
H Unnamed (Zn Sulfate Chloride Hydroxide)Zn3(SO4)(Cl,OH)2 ?
H VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
H ScawtiteCa7(Si3O9)2CO3 · 2H2O
H UM1989-32-SiO:AlCaFeHREE(Ca0.50.5)(Ce,La,Nd)Fe3+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Halloysite-7ÅAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
H Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
H Opal (var: Jelly Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
H Opal (var: Black Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Hydrogoethite3Fe2O3·4H2O
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H FluoboriteMg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
H MeymaciteWO3 · 2H2O
H AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
H SchoenfliesiteMg[Sn(OH)6]
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
H Actinolite (var: Smaragdite)Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
H Nsutite(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
H PharmacoliteCa(HAsO4) · 2H2O
H Pitticite(Fe, AsO4, H2O) (?)
H StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
H ArdealiteCa2(HPO4)(SO4) · 4H2O
H NewberyiteMg(HPO4) · 3H2O
H Hannayite(NH4)2Mg3H4(PO4)4 · 8H2O
H Struvite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
H BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2O
H MonetiteCa(HPO4)
H WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
H LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
H Taranakite(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
H Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
H WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
H Opal (var: Opal-CT)SiO2 · nH2O
H Umohoite(UO2)MoO4 · 2H2O
H ChalcophaniteZnMn34+O7 · 3H2O
H Opal (var: Opal-Agate)SiO2 · nH2O
H Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
H Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
H CesàrolitePb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
H SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
H PhilipsbornitePbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
H TachyhydriteCaMg2Cl6 · 12H2O
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H Varlamoffite(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
H FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
H Clinoptilolite-NaNa6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
H Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
H MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
H BöhmiteAlO(OH)
BeBeryllium
Be HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Be HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B FluoboriteMg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B BoraciteMg3(B7O13)Cl
B FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C DiamondC
C GraphiteC
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
C CoheniteFe3C
C Haxonite(Fe,Ni)23C6
C ScawtiteCa7(Si3O9)2CO3 · 2H2O
C KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
C Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CerussitePbCO3
C Calcite (var: Ferroan Calcite)(Ca,Fe)CO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
C Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
C Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
NNitrogen
N Niahite(NH4)(Mn2+,Mg)(PO4) · H2O
N SalammoniacNH4Cl
N Hannayite(NH4)2Mg3H4(PO4)4 · 8H2O
N Struvite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
N NiterKNO3
OOxygen
O Yttrotungstite-(Y)YW2O6(OH)3
O Yttrotungstite-(Ce)(Ce,Nd,Y)W2O6(OH)3
O Truscottite(Ca,Mn)14Si24O58(OH)8 · 2H2O
O NordstranditeAl(OH)3
O SarabauiteCaSb103+S6O10
O Niahite(NH4)(Mn2+,Mg)(PO4) · H2O
O MalayaiteCaSn(SiO4)O
O Opal (var: Wood Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O QuartzSiO2
O Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O CorundumAl2O3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
O CassiteriteSnO2
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O CalciteCaCO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O Opal (var: Hyalite)SiO2 · nH2O
O Opal (var: Fire Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
O Opal (var: Precious Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
O SideriteFeCO3
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
O RutileTiO2
O HausmanniteMn2+Mn23+O4
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
O PhenakiteBe2SiO4
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O InesiteCa2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O FerberiteFeWO4
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O CupriteCu2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
O Alumotungstite2W2O6(H2O)
O Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
O StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O BayeriteAl(OH)3
O Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O IlsemanniteMo3O8 · nH2O
O Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
O MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
O Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
O Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O CristobaliteSiO2
O AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
O AnglesitePbSO4
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O Unnamed (Potassium Calcium Sulfate)K2Ca(SO4)2
O Unnamed (Sodium Potassium Iron Sulfate Chloride)(Na,K)2Fe(SO4)Cl2
O ChalcocyaniteCuSO4
O Unnamed (Potassium Zinc Sulfate Chloride)K2Zn(SO4)Cl3 ?
O Unnamed (Zn Sulfate Chloride Hydroxide)Zn3(SO4)(Cl,OH)2 ?
O Unnamed (Cesium Potassium Sulfate)Cs-K-S-O
O VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
O ScawtiteCa7(Si3O9)2CO3 · 2H2O
O Oxyallanite{CaCe}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(O) (?)
O UM1989-32-SiO:AlCaFeHREE(Ca0.50.5)(Ce,La,Nd)Fe3+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O BaryteBaSO4
O NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O BerliniteAlPO4
O JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O EskolaiteCr2O3
O KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
O Halloysite-7ÅAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
O Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
O Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O MassicotPbO
O WillemiteZn2SiO4
O TridymiteSiO2
O Opal (var: Jelly Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
O Opal (var: Black Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
O Hematite (var: Martite)Fe2O3
O Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O Hydrogoethite3Fe2O3·4H2O
O Hercynite (var: Picotite)(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
O FluoboriteMg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
O MeymaciteWO3 · 2H2O
O AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
O Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
O SchoenfliesiteMg[Sn(OH)6]
O CerussitePbCO3
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Calcite (var: Ferroan Calcite)(Ca,Fe)CO3
O AragoniteCaCO3
O TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
O ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
O TrippkeiteCu2+As23+O4
O Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O RooseveltiteBi(AsO4)
O AnataseTiO2
O Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
O PsilomelaneMn, O
O Spinel (var: Ferropicotite)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
O Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
O Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4
O Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
O UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
O Actinolite (var: Smaragdite)Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
O Nsutite(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O Forsterite (var: Peridot)Mg2SiO4
O VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
O PharmacoliteCa(HAsO4) · 2H2O
O Pitticite(Fe, AsO4, H2O) (?)
O ArsenoliteAs2O3
O Wollastonite-2MCaSiO3
O SenarmontiteSb2O3
O StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
O ArdealiteCa2(HPO4)(SO4) · 4H2O
O NewberyiteMg(HPO4) · 3H2O
O Hannayite(NH4)2Mg3H4(PO4)4 · 8H2O
O Struvite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
O BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2O
O MonetiteCa(HPO4)
O WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
O LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
O Taranakite(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
O NiterKNO3
O Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O TenoriteCuO
O AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
O UraniniteUO2
O Uraninite (var: Pitchblende)UO2
O WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
O Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O Opal (var: Opal-CT)SiO2 · nH2O
O Umohoite(UO2)MoO4 · 2H2O
O CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O ChalcophaniteZnMn34+O7 · 3H2O
O Corundum (var: Star Sapphire)Al2O3
O Opal (var: Opal-Agate)SiO2 · nH2O
O Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
O Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
O BranneriteUTi2O6
O Auerlitenear Th(Si,P)O4
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O StolzitePb(WO4)
O Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
O Ixiolite (var: Wolframoixiolite)(Nb,W,Ta,Fe,Mn,Nb)2O4
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
O CesàrolitePb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
O SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
O PlattneritePbO2
O PhilipsbornitePbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
O Mimetite (var: Campylite)Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O Cochromite(Co,Ni,Fe)(Cr,Al)2O4
O CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
O BoraciteMg3(B7O13)Cl
O Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
O GalaxiteMn2+Al2O4
O SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
O StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
O Ilmenite (var: Manganoan Ilmenite)(Fe,Mn)2+TiO3
O UM1994-06-O:AlCoCoAl2O4
O TachyhydriteCaMg2Cl6 · 12H2O
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
O Varlamoffite(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
O FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
O Clinoptilolite-NaNa6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
O Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O Palmierite(K,Na)2Pb(SO4)2
O HübneriteMnWO4
O MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
O BöhmiteAlO(OH)
FFluorine
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F FluoriteCaF2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluoboriteMg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
F Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
F WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Na Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Na Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Na MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
Na Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na Unnamed (Sodium Potassium Iron Sulfate Chloride)(Na,K)2Fe(SO4)Cl2
Na HaliteNaCl
Na NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Na Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Na Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Na Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Na Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Na Clinoptilolite-NaNa6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Na Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Na MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Mg Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Mg MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
Mg Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Mg Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Hercynite (var: Picotite)(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg FluoboriteMg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
Mg AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg SchoenfliesiteMg[Sn(OH)6]
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Mg Spinel (var: Ferropicotite)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Mg Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Mg Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Mg Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4
Mg Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Mg Actinolite (var: Smaragdite)Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
Mg Forsterite (var: Peridot)Mg2SiO4
Mg NewberyiteMg(HPO4) · 3H2O
Mg Hannayite(NH4)2Mg3H4(PO4)4 · 8H2O
Mg Struvite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
Mg WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Mg Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Mg Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Mg Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Mg CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
Mg BoraciteMg3(B7O13)Cl
Mg Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Mg SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Mg TachyhydriteCaMg2Cl6 · 12H2O
Mg PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Mg FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
AlAluminium
Al Yttrotungstite-(Y)YW2O6(OH)3
Al NordstranditeAl(OH)3
Al Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al DiasporeAlO(OH)
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al GibbsiteAl(OH)3
Al BayeriteAl(OH)3
Al Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
Al Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Al AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Al VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Al Oxyallanite{CaCe}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(O) (?)
Al UM1989-32-SiO:AlCaFeHREE(Ca0.50.5)(Ce,La,Nd)Fe3+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al BerliniteAlPO4
Al Halloysite-7ÅAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Hercynite (var: Picotite)(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Al ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Al Spinel (var: Ferropicotite)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Al Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Al Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Al VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
Al Taranakite(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
Al WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Al Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al Corundum (var: Star Sapphire)Al2O3
Al Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Al Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al PhilipsbornitePbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Al Cochromite(Co,Ni,Fe)(Cr,Al)2O4
Al Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Al GalaxiteMn2+Al2O4
Al SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Al StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Al UM1994-06-O:AlCoCoAl2O4
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Al FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Al Clinoptilolite-NaNa6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Al Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Al BöhmiteAlO(OH)
SiSilicon
Si Yttrotungstite-(Y)YW2O6(OH)3
Si Truscottite(Ca,Mn)14Si24O58(OH)8 · 2H2O
Si MalayaiteCaSn(SiO4)O
Si Opal (var: Wood Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si Opal (var: Hyalite)SiO2 · nH2O
Si Opal (var: Fire Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
Si Opal (var: Precious Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Si PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Si InesiteCa2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
Si Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Si Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si CristobaliteSiO2
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Si ScawtiteCa7(Si3O9)2CO3 · 2H2O
Si Oxyallanite{CaCe}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(O) (?)
Si UM1989-32-SiO:AlCaFeHREE(Ca0.50.5)(Ce,La,Nd)Fe3+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Halloysite-7ÅAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si WillemiteZn2SiO4
Si TridymiteSiO2
Si Opal (var: Jelly Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
Si Opal (var: Black Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Si AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Si ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Si Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Si Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Si Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Si UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
Si Actinolite (var: Smaragdite)Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
Si Forsterite (var: Peridot)Mg2SiO4
Si Wollastonite-2MCaSiO3
Si Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Si WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Si Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si Opal (var: Opal-CT)SiO2 · nH2O
Si Opal (var: Opal-Agate)SiO2 · nH2O
Si Auerlitenear Th(Si,P)O4
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Si StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Si FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Si Clinoptilolite-NaNa6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Si Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
PPhosphorus
P Niahite(NH4)(Mn2+,Mg)(PO4) · H2O
P GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
P ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
P MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
P BerliniteAlPO4
P Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
P TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
P Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
P VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
P ArdealiteCa2(HPO4)(SO4) · 4H2O
P NewberyiteMg(HPO4) · 3H2O
P Hannayite(NH4)2Mg3H4(PO4)4 · 8H2O
P Struvite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
P BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2O
P MonetiteCa(HPO4)
P WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
P Leucophosphite