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Swedeni
Regional Level Types
SwedenCountry

This page kindly sponsored by Mikael Jansson
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View over part of the upper dumps and the Nya Schaktet (New Shaft) headframe at Långban

Långban, Filipstad, Värmland, Sweden
View over part of the upper dumps and the Nya Schaktet (New Shaft) headframe at Långban

Långban, Filipstad, Värmland, Sweden
View over part of the upper dumps and the Nya Schaktet (New Shaft) headframe at Långban

Långban, Filipstad, Värmland, Sweden
Name in French:Suède
Name in German:Schweden
Name in Italian:Svezia
Name in Russian:Швеция
Name in Simplified Chinese:瑞典
Name in Spanish:Suecia
Name in Swedish:Sverige
Name in Abkhaz:Швециа
Name in Achinese:Swèdia
Name in Adyghe:Швецие
Name in Afrikaans:Swede
Name in Akan:Sweden
Name in Albanian:Suedia
Name in Alemannic:Schweden
Name in Amharic:ስዊድን
Name in Anglo-Saxon:Swēoland
Name in Arabic:السويد
Name in Aragonese:Suecia
Name in Armenian:Շվեդիա
Name in Asturian:Suecia
Name in Avaric:Швеция
Name in Aymara:Swisiya
Name in Azeri:İsveç
Name in Bambara:Swedi
Name in Bashkir:Швеция
Name in Basque:Suedia
Name in Bavarian:Schwedn
Name in Belarusian:Швецыя
Name in Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa):Швэцыя
Name in Bengali:সুইডেন
Name in Bishnupriya Manipuri:সুইডেন
Name in Bislama:Sweden
Name in Bosnian:Švedska
Name in Breton:Sveden
Name in Bulgarian:Швеция
Name in Burmese:ဆွီဒင်နိုင်ငံ
Name in Catalan:Suècia
Name in Cebuano:Suwesya
Name in Central Bikol:Suesya
Name in Chamorro:Swesia
Name in Chechen:Швеци
Name in Cherokee:ᏍᏫᏕᏂ
Name in Church Slavic:Свєньско
Name in Chuvash:Швеци
Name in Cornish:Swedherwyk
Name in Corsican:Svezia
Name in Crimean Tatar (Latin):İsveç
Name in Croatian:Švedska
Name in Czech:Švédsko
Name in Danish:Sverige
Name in Doteli:स्वीडेन
Name in Dutch:Zweden
Name in Dutch Low Saxon:Sveden
Name in Dzongkha:སུའི་ཌན་
Name in Egyptian Arabic:السويد
Name in Emilian-Romagnol:Śvèsia
Name in Erzya:Швеция Мастор
Name in Esperanto:Svedio
Name in Estonian:Rootsi
Name in Ewe:Sweden
Name in Extremaduran:Suecia
Name in Faroese:Svøríki
Name in Farsi/Persian:سوئد
Name in Fiji Hindi:Sweden
Name in Finnish:Ruotsi
Name in Franco-Provençal:Suède
Name in Friulian:Svezie
Name in Fula:Suwed
Name in Gagauz:Şvețiya
Name in Galician:Suecia
Name in Gan:瑞典
Name in Georgian:შვედეთი
Name in Greek:Σουηδία
Name in Greenlandic:Svenskit Nunaat
Name in Guarani:Suésia
Name in Gujarati:સ્વિડન
Name in Haitian:Syèd
Name in Hakka:Sui-tiên
Name in Hausa:Sweden
Name in Hawaiian:Kuekene
Name in Hebrew:שבדיה
Name in Hindi:स्वीडन
Name in Hungarian:Svédország
Name in Icelandic:Svíþjóð
Name in Ido:Suedia
Name in Igbo:Sweden
Name in Iloko:Suesia
Name in Indonesian:Swedia
Name in Interlingua:Svedia
Name in Inuktitut:ᔅᕗᕆᑭ
Name in Irish Gaelic:An tSualainn
Name in Jamaican Patois:Swiidn
Name in Japanese:スウェーデン
Name in Javanese:Swèdhen
Name in Judaeo-Spanish:Suesia
Name in Kabardian:Шуецэ
Name in Kabiye:Sʊyɛdɩ
Name in Kabyle:Sswid
Name in Kalmyk:Сведин Нутг
Name in Kannada:ಸ್ವೀಡನ್
Name in Kapampangan:Sweden
Name in Karachay-Balkar:Швеция
Name in Karakalpak:Shvetsiya
Name in Kashubian:Szwedzkô
Name in Kazakh (Cyrillic Script):Швеция
Name in Khmer:ស៊ុយអែត
Name in Kikuyu:Cuindeni
Name in Kinyarwanda:Suwede
Name in Komi:Швеция
Name in Komi-Permyak:Шведму
Name in Kongo:Suedi
Name in Konkani:स्विडन
Name in Korean:스웨덴
Name in Kurdish (Latin Script):Swêd
Name in Kyrgyz:Швеция
Name in Lao:ປະເທດຊູແອດ
Name in Latgalian:Švedeja
Name in Latin:Suecia
Name in Latvian:Zviedrija
Name in Lezghian:Швеция
Name in Ligurian:Sveçia
Name in Limburgian:Zwede
Name in Lingala:Swédi
Name in Lithuanian:Švedija
Name in Livvi-Karelian:Ruočči
Name in Lojban:sueriges
Name in Lombard:Svezia
Name in Low Saxon/Low German:Sweden
Name in Lower Sorbian:Šwedska
Name in Luganda:Swiiden
Name in Luri:سۊئد
Name in Luxembourgish:Schweden
Name in Macedonian:Шведска
Name in Maithili:स्वीडेन
Name in Malagasy:Soeda
Name in Malay:Sweden
Name in Malayalam:സ്വീഡൻ
Name in Maltese:Żvezja
Name in Manx:Yn Toolynn
Name in Maori:Huitene
Name in Marathi:स्वीडन
Name in Mazanderani:سوئد
Name in Meadow Mari:Швеций
Name in Min Dong Chinese:Sôi-diēng
Name in Mingrelian:შვედეთი
Name in Moksha:Шведмастор
Name in Mongolian:Швед
Name in Nauruan:Widen
Name in Navajo:Chʼah Bideeʼí Dineʼé Bikéyah
Name in Neapolitan:Sguezia
Name in Nepali:स्वीडेन
Name in Newar / Nepal Bhasa:स्विदेन
Name in Northern Frisian:Swärik
Name in Northern Sami:Ruoŧŧa
Name in Norwegian:Sverige
Name in Norwegian (Nynorsk):Sverige
Name in Novial:Suedia
Name in Occitan:Suècia
Name in Odia:ସ୍ଵିଡେନ
Name in Ossetian:Швеци
Name in Pali:स्वीडन
Name in Pangasinan:Suesia
Name in Papiamento:Suecia
Name in Pashto:سويډن
Name in Pennsylvania German:Schweden
Name in Picard:Suède
Name in Piedmontese:Svessia
Name in Polish:Szwecja
Name in Pontic Greek:Σουηδία
Name in Portuguese:Suécia
Name in Punjabi:ਸਵੀਡਨ
Name in Quechua:Suwidsuyu
Name in Romanian:Suedia
Name in Romansh:Svezia
Name in Russia Buriat:Швеци
Name in Rusyn:Швеція
Name in Samoan:Suetena
Name in Samogitian:Švedėjė
Name in Sanskrit:स्वीडन
Name in Sardinian:Isvetzia
Name in Saterland Frisian:Sweeden
Name in Scots:Swaden
Name in Scottish Gaelic:An t-Suain
Name in Serbian:Шведска
Name in Serbo-Croatian:Švedska
Name in Shona:Sweden
Name in Sicilian:Svezzia
Name in Silesian:Szwecyjo
Name in Sindhi:سويڊن
Name in Slovak:Švédsko
Name in Slovenian:Švedska
Name in Somali:Iswiidhan
Name in South Azerbaijani:سوئد
Name in Sranan Tongo:Swerigekondre
Name in Sundanese:Swédia
Name in Swahili:Uswidi
Name in Swati:ISwideni
Name in Tagalog:Suwesya
Name in Tahitian:Tuete
Name in Tajik (Cyrillic Script):Шветсия
Name in Tamil:சுவீடன்
Name in Tatar:Швеция
Name in Telugu:స్వీడన్
Name in Tetum:Suésia
Name in Thai:ประเทศสวีเดน
Name in Tibetan (Standard):སི་ཝེ་དེན།
Name in Tok Pisin:Suwidan
Name in Traditional Chinese:瑞典
Name in Tsonga:Sweden
Name in Tumbuka:Sweden
Name in Turkish:İsveç
Name in Turkmen:Şwesiýa
Name in Tuvan:Швеция
Name in Twi:Sweden
Name in Udmurt:Швеция
Name in Ukrainian:Швеція
Name in Upper Sorbian:Šwedska
Name in Urdu:سویڈن
Name in Uyghur:شۋېتسىيە
Name in Uzbek (Latin Script):Shvetsiya
Name in Venetian:Svèsia
Name in Veps:Ročinma
Name in Vietnamese:Thụy Điển
Name in Volapük:Svedän
Name in Walloon:Suwedwesse
Name in Waray:Suwesya
Name in Welsh:Sweden
Name in West Flemish:Zweedn
Name in West Frisian:Sweden
Name in Western Punjabi:سویڈن
Name in Wolof:Suweed
Name in Wu Chinese:瑞典
Name in Yakut:Швеция
Name in Yiddish:שוועדן
Name in Yoruba:Swídìn
Name in Zazaki:İswec
Name in Zeelandic:Zweden
Name in Zhuang:Nyeiqdenj
Name in Zulu:ISwidi
Area:450,295 km2
Neighbouring regions:
Locality type:Country
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Stockholm1,515,017 (2017)
Göteborg572,799 (2017)
Malmö301,706 (2017)
Uppsala149,245 (2017)
Sollentuna139,606 (2017)
Södermalm127,323 (2016)
Museums in region:


Geography of Sweden:

Sweden is divided into counties as well as into provinces. The provinces are very old, from early medieval times. There are 25 provinces and the borders have been stable since the year 1634, with one major exception.

In 1809, Sweden lost the war with Russia so Finland came under Russian rule. Until then the two northernmost provinces were called "Västerbotten" and "Österbotten" (West of Bothnia and East of Bothnia, Bothnia being the northern part of the Baltic sea). In 1810 "Västerbotten" was split in two - a new "Västerbotten" and "Norrbotten".

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

893 valid minerals. 184 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 9 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 4 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 133 localities in this region.
'Actinolite-Tremolite Series'
Adelite (TL)
Formula: CaMg(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Habit: massive
Colour: Grey
Description: Found together with hausmannite
Reference: Sjögren, H. (1891): Bidrag til Sveriges mineralogi. 3. Adelit, ett basiskt arseniat från Nordmarken och Långban. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 13: 781-796; Mineralogical Magazine (1998) 62 (3), 395-407
'Aedelforsite (of Retzius)'
Reference: [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Aegirine-augite var: Urbanite (FRL)
Reference: Sjögren, H. (1894): Contributions to Swedish mineralogy. Bull. Geol. Inst. Univ. Upsala. 2 (3), 39-74.
Aeschynite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Sandström, F., Binett, T., Wiklund, C. & Vikström, J. (2010): Alnöområdets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen. 27 (2):14-42
Aeschynite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Aguilarite
Formula: Ag4SeS
Reference: Nysten, C. Malmmineralogisk undersökning av Pb-, Zn-, Cu- och Ag-förande kvartsgångar i Värmskogsområdet, mellersta Värmland. Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för geovetenskaper. Examensarbete NV3, Berggrundsgeologi, 30 hp. nr 254. 107p.
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Aikinite-Bismuthinite Series'
Reference: Damman, A. H & Kieft, C. (1990): W-MO polymettallic mineralization and associated calc-silicate assemblages in the Gåsborn area, West Bergslagen, Central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 28, 17-36
Akaganeite
Formula: (Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Description: Corrosion product.
Reference: D. Holtstam and J. Söderhielm : "The Muonionalusta iron meteorite from Lapland, Sweden : New finds and findings", 5th International Conference "Mineralogy & Museums", Paris, Sept. 5-8th 2004, Bull. de Liaison de la Soc. Franç. de Minéralogie et Cristallographie, 2004, Vol 16, N°2.
Akatoreite
Formula: Mn2+9Al2Si8O24(OH)8
Reference: Ounchanum, P. & Morad, S. (1987): Paragenesis of akatoreite and ganophyllite in the manganiferous rocks of the Häste Field, Norberg ore district, central Sweden. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen 157, 225-244.
Åkermanite
Formula: Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Reference: Sandström, F., Binett, T., Wiklund, C. & Vikström, J. (2010): Alnöområdets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen. 27 (2) :14-42
Akrochordite (TL)
Formula: (Mn2+,Mg)5(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: Flink, G. (1922): Akrochordit, ett nytt mineral från Långbans gruvor. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlinger. 44: 773-776.
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Alamosite
Formula: PbSiO3
Albite (TL)
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 90 localities in this region.
Reference: Gahn, J.G. & Berzelius, J.J. (1815): Afhandl. Fys. Kem. Min., 4, 180; American Mineralogist (1990) 75, 135.
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 73 localities in this region.
Algodonite
Formula: (Cu1-xAsx)
Allactite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+7(AsO4)2(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm. Förhandlingar, Stockholm (1884): 7: 109; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 782, 787; Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index, 3rd Edition"
'Allanite'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Hugh S. Spence (1930) A REMARKABLE OCCURRENCE OF THUCHOLITE AND OIL IN A PEGMATITE DYKE, PARRY SOUND DISTRICT, ONTARIO. The American Mineralogist, 15, No. 11, 499-520. (British Museum specimens)
'Allanite var: Pyrorthite'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Hugh S. Spence (1930) A REMARKABLE OCCURRENCE OF THUCHOLITE AND OIL IN A PEGMATITE DYKE, PARRY SOUND DISTRICT, ONTARIO. The American Mineralogist, 15, No. 11, 499-520. (British Museum specimens)
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 42 localities in this region.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 77 localities in this region.
Allanite-(Nd) (TL)
Formula: {CaNd}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Skoda, R., Cempírek, J., Filip, J., and Novák, M. (2010): CNMNC Newsletter 8, 290; Škoda, R., Cempírek, J., Filip, J., Novák, M., Veselovsky, F., Čtvrtlík, R. (2012): Allanite-(Nd), CaNdAl2Fe2+(SiO4)(Si2O7)O(OH), a new mineral from Askagen, Sweden. American Mineralogist, 97, 983-988.
Allanite-(Y)
Formula: {CaY}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allargentum
Formula: (Ag1-xSbx)
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Alleghanyite
Formula: Mn2+5(SiO4)2(OH)2
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Göttlicher, J., Möckel, S., Sofer, Z., Van, K.V. & Belakovskiy, D.I. (2010): Åskagenite-(Nd) Mn2+NdAl2Fe3+(Si2O7)(SiO4)O2, a new mineral of the epidote supergroup. Novye dannye o mineralakh, 45, 17–22 (in Russian). New data on minerals, 45, 17–22 (in English).
Alluaivite
Formula: Na19(Ca,Mn)6(Ti,Nb)3Si26O74Cl · 2H2O
Description: with rinkite and eudialyte
Reference: Gunnar Färber - Mineralienliste 1-2018
Alluaudite (TL)
Formula: (Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 675.
'Alluaudite-Na□'
Formula: 4Na4Mn2+4Fe3+8(PO4)12
Reference: Moore and Ito, 1971, Mineralogical Magazine 43:227
'Alluaudite-NaNa'
Formula: Na4Na4Mn2+4 Fe3+8(PO4)12
Reference: Moore and Ito, 1971, Mineralogical Magazine 43:227
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 67 localities in this region.
'Almandine-Pyrope Series'
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'α-Vredenburgite' (FRL)
Formula: (Mn,Fe)3O4
Type Locality:
Reference: Mason, B. (1943): Alpha-vredenburgite. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 65, 263-270
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Amber'
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Amesite
Formula: Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Habit: short hexagonal prisms
Description: Found in zinc ore.
Reference: Sundius,N. and Parwel, A. (1967): Amesite from the silver mines of Hällefors,central Sweden. Mineralogical Magazine. 36, 300
Aminoffite (TL)
Formula: Ca2(Be,Al)(Si2O7)(H2O,OH)
Type Locality:
Description: Fluoresces orange in SW UV-light
Reference: Hurlbut, C. S. (1937): Aminoffite, a new mineral from Långban, Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 59, 290-292 ; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 47 localities in this region.
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Byssolite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Östra Värmlands Mineral Society,Långban,Sweden
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 56 localities in this region.
Andalusite var: Viridine
Formula: (Al,Mn3+)2SiO4O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Anderbergite'
Formula: (Zr, Ca, Si, O, H, REE)
Reference: No reference listed
Andersonite
Formula: Na2Ca(UO2)(CO3)3 · 6H2O
Reference: No reference listed
'Andorite'
Formula: AgPbSb3S6
Reference: No reference listed
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 49 localities in this region.
Andradite var: Bredbergite
Formula: (Ca,Mg)3Fe2(SiO4)3
Reference: No reference listed
Andradite var: Hydroandradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Reference: Sandström, F., Binett, T., Wiklund, C. & Vikström, J. (2010): Alnöområdets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen. 27 (2) :14-42
Andradite var: Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Andradite var: Titanoan Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Andradite-Grossular Series'
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Anorthite var: Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 53 localities in this region.
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Antimony (TL)
Formula: Sb
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Reference: Kieft, C., Holmgren, J. & Eriksson, G.: (1987): The Silver-Mercury-Antimony minerals of Sala, Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 25 :647-658
'Apatite'
Localities: Reported from at least 162 localities in this region.
'Apatite Group'
Description: johnbaumite-svabite series
Reference: Nysten, P. & Lorin, T. (2016) Nyupptäckta Ca-, Mn-, Pb-, Ba-, As- och Sb-förande mineral i Norbergs malmtrakt. LångbansNytt 22 (1): 7-19
Aphthitalite
Formula: (K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Reference: Kresten, P. (1990): The Alnø area (in Swedish). In: Lundqvist, T. (Ed.), Beskrivning Till Bergrundskartan Over Västernorrlands län. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning, serie Ba, 31, 238–278
'Apophyllite'
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Arakiite (TL)
Formula: (Zn,Mn2+)(Mn2+,Mg)12(Fe3+,Al)2(As5+O4)2(As3+O3)(OH)23
Reference: Min.Rec.(2000) 31, 253-256
Ardaite
Formula: Pb19Sb13S35Cl7
Reference: Burke, E.A.J., Kieft, C. & Zakrzewski, M.A. (1981): The second occurrence of ardaite: Gruvåsen, Bergslagen, Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 19, 419-422
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Argentopentlandite
Formula: Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Reference: Bjärnborg, K. (2009): The copper sulphide mineralization of the Zinkgruvan deposit, Bergslagen, Sweden. Examensarbeten i Geologi vid Lunds Universitet- Bergrundsgeologi NR 24,1-6
Argyrodite
Formula: Ag8GeS6
Reference: No reference listed
Armangite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+26(AsO3)14(HAsO3)4(CO3)
Reference: Aminoff & Mauzelius (1920) Geologiska Föreningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm: 42, 301-309; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1032; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
'Arrhenite'
Formula: (Y, Er, Ca, Zr, Ta, Si, O)
Reference: No reference listed
Arrojadite-(KFe)
Formula: {KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Arrojadite-(SrFe) (TL)
Formula: {Sr◻}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: American Mineralogist (2006) 91 (8-9), 1260-1270, IMA website
Arsenic
Formula: As
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Arseniopleite (TL)
Formula: (Ca,Na)NaMn2+(Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)2(AsO4)3
Reference: Igelström, L. J. (1888): Arseniopleit, ein neues mineral von der hausmannit- und braunitgrube Sjögrufvan, Kirchspiel Grythyttan, Gouvernement Oerebro, Schweden. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Palaontologie. 2, 117-122
Arsenoclasite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: KVA handl.(1931) 9, 52-57; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 125 localities in this region.
Arsenopyrite var: Danaite
Formula: (Fe0.90Co0.10)AsS - (Fe0.65Co0.35)AsS
'Asbestos'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Asbestos hedyphane'
Åskagenite-(Nd) (TL)
Formula: {Mn2+Nd}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O2
Type Locality:
Habit: Coarse prismatic, sometimes flattened crystals with rectangular outlines up to 1 × 4 cm in size
Colour: black (brown in translucent thin fragments)
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Göttlicher, J., Möckel, S., Sofer, Z., Van, K.V. & Belakovskiy, D.I. (2010): Åskagenite-(Nd) Mn2+NdAl2Fe3+(Si2O7)(SiO4)O2, a new mineral of the epidote supergroup. Novye dannye o mineralakh, 45, 17–22 (in Russian). New data on minerals, 45, 17–22 (in English).
Athabascaite
Formula: Cu5Se4
Reference: Sandström, F. (2007): Skrikerum. Litiofilen 24 (1), 22-38; Jonsson, E., Högdahl, K., Majka, J. & Murashko, M. (2014): Te-Cu-rich sudburyite – the first platinum-group-element mineral from the selenide mineralisation at Skrikerum, Sweden. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen. 191, 137-144
Attakolite (TL)
Formula: (Ca,Sr)Mn(Al,Fe)4(HPO4,PO4)3(SiO4,PO4)(OH)4
Type Locality:
Colour: white to pale red (salmonred)
Description: As masses together with other phosphates. It is distinguished by its intense pearly lustre on cleavages.
Reference: Blomstrand, C.W. (1868) Om Vestanå Mineralier. Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar 25 (3), 197-212; Gallagher, M.J. and Gerards, J.F. (1963) Berlinite from Rwanda. Mineralogical Magazine: 33: 613-615.; Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 697, 872.
'Auerlite'
Formula: near Th(Si,P)O4
Reference: Sandström, F., Binett, T., Wiklund, C. & Vikström, J. (2010): Alnöområdets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen. 27 (2) :14-42
Augelite (TL)
Formula: Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 697, 872.; Schweizerische Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen 41 (1961), 407.; Gallagher, M.J. and Gerards, J.F. (1963) Berlinite from Rwanda. Mineralogical Magazine: 33: 613-615.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 54 localities in this region.
Augite var: Asteroite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Reference: No reference listed
Augite var: Fassaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Öhman, L., F. Grensman (2000): Garpenberg (Södra). Litofilen, 17, 29-38
Aurostibite
Formula: AuSb2
Awaruite
Formula: Ni3Fe
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Axinite-(Fe)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
'Axinite Group'
Axinite-(Mg)
Formula: Ca2MgAl2BSi4O15OH
Axinite-(Mn)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
Babingtonite
Formula: Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Banalsite
Formula: Na2BaAl4Si4O16
Bannisterite
Formula: (Ca,K,Na)(Mn2+,Fe2+)10(Si,Al)16O38(OH)8 · nH2O
Barylite (TL)
Formula: Be2Ba(Si2O7)
Colour: White
Fluorescence: Bluish, rarely orange to yellowish, but many shows no UW at all in SW
Description: Often found in tilasite quartz veins(from the hyttsjö granite pegmatites???) Mostly overlooked as feldspar.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 902; Kjell Gatedal; Geologiska Föreningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm (1876) 3, 128; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Barysilite (TL)
Formula: Pb8Mn2+[Si2O7]3
Reference: Öfvers. KVA handl.(1888) 45, 7-10; Nysten, P. (1984): Kleinod des Nordens - Harstigen in Schweden. Magma 2/1984, 12-30.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 79 localities in this region.
Baryte var: Hepatite
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Swedish Nat.Musuem
Barytocalcite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
'Basiliite'
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1025.
'Bastnäsite'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Bastnäsite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Hisinger, W. (1838): Analyser af några svenska mineralier. 2.Basiskt Fluor-Cerium från Bastnäs. Kongl. Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar 1838, 187-1891 ; Geijer, p. (1920): The cerium minerals of Bastnäs at Riddarhyttan. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning, Serie C, 304: 1-24 ; Holtstam, D., Bindi, L., Hålenius, U., & Andersson, U. B. (2017). Delhuyarite-(Ce)–Ce 4 Mg (Fe 3+ 2 W)□(Si 2 O 7) 2 O 6 (OH) 2–a new mineral of the chevkinite group, from the Nya Bastnäs Fe–Cu–REE deposit, Sweden. European Journal of Mineralogy, ejm2635_pap_gsw.
Bastnäsite-(La)
Formula: La(CO3)F
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Bearthite
Formula: Ca2Al(PO4)2(OH)
Colour: yellow
Description: Occurs together with lazulite.
Reference: Sandstöm, F. (2007): Västanåfeltets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen 24 (2): 14-38
Bementite
Formula: Mn7Si6O15(OH)8
Benavidesite (TL)
Formula: Pb4MnSb6S14
Reference: Bull.Min.(1982) 105, 166-169; Zakrzewski et al (1982): Canadian Mineralogist 20, 281-290
Benjaminite
Formula: Ag3Bi7S12
Reference: No reference listed
Benleonardite
Formula: [Ag6(Sb,As)2S6Te] [Ag9Cu(S,Te)2Te2]
Benstonite
Formula: Ba6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Beraunite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Bergslagite (TL)
Formula: CaBeAsO4(OH)
Type Locality:
Colour: grey
Reference: Hansen, S., Fälth, L., Petersen, O. V. & Johnson, O. (1984): Bergslagite, a new mineral species from Långban, Sweden: Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte:1984, 257-262 ; Hansen, S. , Fälth, L. & Johnsen, O. (1984): Bergslagite , a mineral with tetrahedral berylloarsenate sheet anions. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 160: 73-80; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Berlinite (TL)
Formula: AlPO4
Colour: Colorless; pale pinkish red; greyish
Description: Difficult to distinguish from quartz. Occurs in masses together with other phosphates rimmed by lazulite.
Reference: Blomstrand, C.W. (1868) Om Vestanå Mineralier. Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar 25 (3), 197-212.; Gallagher, M.J. and Gerards, J.F. (1963) Berlinite from Rwanda. Mineralogical Magazine: 33: 613-615 (referring to berlinite from the type locality).
Bermanite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Berryite (TL)
Formula: Cu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
Type Locality:
Reference: NUFFIELD, E.W. & HARRIS, D.C. (1966): Studies of the mineral sulpho-salts: XX - Berryite, a new species. Canadian Mineralogist 8, 407-413.
Berthierine
Formula: (Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 70 localities in this region.
Beryllonite
Formula: NaBePO4
Berzelianite (TL)
Formula: Cu2Se
Reference: [MinRec 19:295]; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
Berzeliite (TL)
Formula: (NaCa2)Mg2(AsO4)3
Reference: [MinRec 19:295, 10:216-217]; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Betekhtinite
Formula: (Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Reference: Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Beusite
Formula: Mn2+Mn2+2 (PO4)2
Beyerite
Formula: Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Reference: Aksel Österlöf specimen; Aksel Österlöf and Pavel Kartashov IDs, 2013.
Billietite
Formula: Ba(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 4-8H2O
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
'Biotite'
Localities: Reported from at least 217 localities in this region.
'Biotite var: Manganophyllite' (FRL)
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Igelström (1872) Översigt KVA, pp. 63-64. ; Hamberg, A. (1890): Mineralogische Studien. 7. Über die Manganophylle von der Grube Harstigen bei Pajsberg in Vermland. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar 133, 567-579
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Reference: H.Folvik(2002); Pers.report to the Långban Society
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 66 localities in this region.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 56 localities in this region.
Bismuthinite var: Antimonian Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Zakrzewski, M.A., M.A. & Makovicky, E. (1986): Izoklakeite from Vena, Sweden, and kobellite homologous series. Canadian Mineralogist 24, 7-18.
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
'Bitumen'
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Bityite
Formula: LiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Colour: white
Description: Found close to crystals of helvite
Reference: Langhof, J., Jonsson, E. & Gustafsson, L. (2016): Sekundära Be-mineral i svenska granitpegmatiter-en översikt. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2016: 43-52
Bixbyite
Formula: Mn3+2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Bjarebyite
Formula: (Ba,Sr)(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2Al2(PO4)3(OH)3
Colour: darkgreen to grassgreen
Description: Grains in phospate-nodules
Reference: Thomasson, R. (1983): Bjarebyit, (Ba,Sr)(Mn,Fe2+)2(Al,Fe3+)2(PO4)3(OH)3, ett nytt fosfatmineral från Västanå Järngruva, Skåne- En undersökning av kristallstrukturen. M.Sc. thesis, Lunds Universitet, Lund, Sweden. 30p
Blatterite (TL)
Formula: Sb5+(Mn3+,Fe3+)9(Mn2+,Mg)35(BO3)16O32
Description: Blatterite occurs sporadically in pieces of rich manganosite in the Kittelgruvan mine of the Nordmark orefield, Värmland, Sweden. This material, however, has been dumped there from elsewhere; the Brattforsgruvan mine in the same orefield is the most probable source.
Reference: Raade, G., M.H. Mladeck, V.K. Din, A.J. Criddle, and C.J. Stanley (1988): Blatterite, a new Sb-bearing Mn2+−Mn3+ member of the pinakiolite group, from Nordmark, Sweden. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatshefte, 121-136
Blixite (TL)
Formula: Pb2(O,OH)2Cl
Reference: Arkiv Min.Geol.(1958) 2, 411-415; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Böhmite
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Norin, R. (1949): Studier över den mineralogiska sammansättningen av några lertyper från NV. Skånes rät-lias-, Vallåkra- och Kågeröds-bildningar. GFF 71: 215 – 237 (p. 228)
Boltwoodite
Formula: (K,Na)(UO2)(SiO3OH) · 1.5H2O
'Bonchevite'
Reference: No reference listed
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 99 localities in this region.
Botryogen (TL)
Formula: MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Reference: Ann. Phys. Chem. (Pogg.) (1828): 12: 491; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 618, 625; Clark (1993) - "Hey's Mineral Index".
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Brandtite (TL)
Formula: Ca2(Mn2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Lindström, G. (1891): Mineralanalyser. 1. Brandtit från Harstigen. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar 13: 123-126; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 726, 857; Canadian Mineralogist (1977): 15: 36; Mineralogical Record: 8: 517, 900; Mineralogical Record: 22: 49.
Brannerite
Formula: UTi2O6
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Breithauptite
Formula: NiSb
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Brenkite
Formula: Ca2(CO3)F2
Reference: Lindh, A. (2012). Minute-sized crystals of HFSE minerals in evolved, fluorite-bearing granite, an example from the Sörvik granite, central Sweden. GFF, 134(4), 283-294.
Britholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Description: A metamict dark brown mineral labelled by collectors variously as britholite, britholite-(Ce), lessingite or tritomite was shown to be fluorbritholite-(Ce).
Reference: Thulin, H. (1996): Norra Kärr. Litiofilen 13: 17-51; Thulin, H. (2000): Norra Kärr-Några nya fynd och undersökningar. Litiofilen, 17 (2): 25-45.
Britholite-(Y) ?
Formula: (Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Reference: Adamson, O. J. (1944): The Petrology of the Norra Kärr District. An occurrence of alkaline Rocks in Southern Sweden. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 66: 112-255; Thulin, H. (1996): Norra Kärr. Litiofilen 13: 17-51
Britvinite (TL)
Formula: [Pb7(OH)3F(BO3)2(CO3)][Mg4.5(OH)3(Si5O14)]
Type Locality:
Reference: Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society (Zapiski RMO), 136(6), 18-25.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Brockite
Formula: (Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Reference: Sandström, F., Binett, T., Wiklund, C. & Vikström, J. (2010): Alnöområdets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen. 27 (2) :14-42
Bromellite (TL)
Formula: BeO
Reference: Zeits. Krist. Min.(1925) 62, 113-122; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1028; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Brugnatellite
Formula: Mg6Fe3+(CO3)(OH)13 · 4H2O
Reference: Kjell Gatedal
Bukovite
Formula: Tl2(Cu,Fe)4Se4
Habit: finegrained grains
Description: So fingrained that it is impossible to identify in a binoculare
Reference: Sandström, F. (2007): Skrikerum. Litiofilen 24 (1), 22-38
Burangaite
Formula: NaFe2+Al5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Habit: thin platy crystals
Colour: Blue
Reference: Ek, R. and Nysten, P.E. (1990) Phosphate mineralogy of the Hålsjöberg and Hökensås kyanite deposits. Geologiska Föreningens I Stockholm. Förhandlingar, Stockholm: 112: 9-18.; Daltry, V.D.C. and von Knorring, O. (1998) Type-mineralogy of Rwanda with particular reference to the Buranga pegmatite. Geologica Belgica: 1: 9-15 (referring to Ek and Nysten, 1990).
Bustamite
Formula: CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Calciocatapleiite ?
Formula: CaZr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Calciotantite
Formula: CaTa4O11
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 314 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Calderite
Formula: (Mn2+,Ca)3(Fe3+,Al)2(SiO4)3
Calzirtite
Formula: CaZr3TiO9
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cannizzarite
Formula: Pb48Bi56S132
Description: Se-Cannizzarite is probably the wittite
Reference: American Mineralogist (1980) 65, pp. 789-796
Carlosturanite
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Ti)21(Si,Al)12O28(OH)34•H2O
Reference: MinMag (1986) 50, 675-679
Carrollite
Formula: Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Caryinite (TL)
Formula: (Na,Pb)(Ca,Na)CaMn2+2(AsO4)3
Reference: GFF (1874) 2, 178; MinRec 10:216; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Caryopilite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
Reference: Hamberg, A. (1889). Über Karyopilit, ein wasserhaltiges Manganoxydulsilikat von der Grube Harstigen bei Pajsberg in Vermland. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 11, 27-32
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 40 localities in this region.
Catapleiite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Cattierite
Formula: CoS2
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 21, pp. 129-136 (1983)
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Celsian (TL)
Formula: Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: GFF (1895) 17, 578; Holtstam, D. & Norrestam, R. (1993): Lindqvistite Pb2MeFe16O27,a novel hexagonal ferrite mineral from Jakobsberg, Filipstad, Sweden. American Mineralogist. 78, 1304-1312
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Cerite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Cronstedt, A.F. (1751): Rön och försök giorde med trenne järnmalms arter. K. Vetenskaps Akademiens Handlingar. 12, 226-232.; Hisinger, W. & Berzelius, J.J. (1804): Cerium, en ny Metall funnen i Bastnäs Tungsten från Riddarhyttan i Westmanland. Henrik A. Nordström, Stockholm, Sweden.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Cervelleite
Formula: Ag4TeS
Reference: Nysten, C. Malmmineralogisk undersökning av Pb-, Zn-, Cu- och Ag-förande kvartsgångar i Värmskogsområdet, mellersta Värmland. Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för geovetenskaper. Examensarbete NV3, Berggrundsgeologi, 30 hp. nr 254. 107p.
'Chabazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcoalumite
Formula: CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 55 localities in this region.
Chalcomenite
Formula: CuSeO3 · 2H2O
Colour: bluegreen
Reference: Sandström, F. (2007): Skrikerum. Litiofilen 24 (1), 22-38
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 404 localities in this region.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chamosite var: Corundophilite
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Reference: Valentin Alain (2014) Mineral Chemistry and Texture Paragenesis of Alteration Minerals in the Pahtohavare Cu-Au Deposit, Sweden. Masters Thesis Luleå University of Technology
'Cheralite-(Ce)'
Chernovite-(Y)
Formula: Y(AsO4)
Reference: Kjell Gatedal
Chiavennite
Formula: CaMnBe2Si5O13(OH)2 · 2H2O
Childrenite
Formula: Fe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Colour: brown
Description: As a mm broad rim of brown crystals (< 0,5mm) together with millisite around a trolleite nodule in one phospatenodule measuring 7 x 4 cm found in 1977.
Reference: Hansen, S. & Landa-Canovas, A. (1994): Childrenite and millisite from Västanå Mine, Skåne, Sweden. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar 116: 92.
Chlorapatite (TL)
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Igelström (1897) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 27: 601; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1006.
Chlorapatite var: Munkforssite (FRL)
Formula: (Ca,Mn)5(PO4)2(Cl,F)
Type Locality:
Reference: Igelström (1897) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 27: 601; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1006.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 135 localities in this region.
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Chloroarsenian'
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 684.
Chlorophaeite
Formula: (Ca,Mg,Fe)2Fe2Si4O13 · 10H2O
Chondrodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 44 localities in this region.
'Chondrostibian'
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1030.
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Reference: Schmitz, B., Yin, Q.-Z., Sanborn, M.E., Tassinari, M., Caplan, C.E., Huss, G.R. (2016): A new type of solar-system material recovered from Ordovician marine limestone. Nature Communications: 7: 11851; doi: 10.1038/ncomms11851
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine(1987) 51, 318-321
Cirrolite
Formula: Ca3Al2(PO4)3(OH)3 (?)
Description: Described as Kirrolit (Blomstrand 1886). Probably a mixture of bearthite, kyanite and lazulite.
Reference: Blomstrand, C. W. (1868): Om Vestanå Mineralier. Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar 25 (3), 197-212; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 845.
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Clausthalite-Galena Series'
Reference: No reference listed
'Clays'
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
Clinochlore var: Chromian Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Clinochlore var: Diabantite
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Reference: No reference listed
Clinochlore var: Leuchtenbergite
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinochlore var: Pennine
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Clinochlore var: Ripidolite
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Clinochrysotile'
Clinoenstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Lars Bergström (1959) Geologiska studier i Lövsvedsgruvan, Folkärna socken, Dalarna, Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 81:4, 641-669, DOI:10.1080/11035895909449181
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Clinoptilolite'
Reference: Ingemar Johansson (1934-2001) collection
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Clinosafflorite
Formula: CoAs2
Description: grains up to 0.5 mm in diameter, and blebs up to 0.03 mm across in cobaltite
Reference: Burke, E. A. J. & Zakrzewski, M. A. (1983) A cobalt–bearing sulfide — arsenide assemblage from the Nord mine (Finnshytteberg), Sweden: A new occurrence of clinosafflorite, The Canadian Mineralogist, 21, 129-136
Clino-suenoite
Formula: □{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Clintonite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 46 localities in this region.
Cobaltkieserite (TL)
Formula: CoSO4 · H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Holtstam, D. (2002): Cobaltkieserite, CoSO4·H2O, a new mineral species from Bastnäs, Skinnskatteberg, Sweden. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 124, 117-119
Cobaltpentlandite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Reference: Stuckless, J. S. & Troeng, B. (1984): Uranium mineralization in response to regional metamorphism at Lilljuthatten, Sweden.Economic Geology. 79,509-528
Coloradoite
Formula: HgTe
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6